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John 8:57 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The Jews therefore said unto him, Thou art not yet fifty years old, and hast thou seen Abraham?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then said the Jews unto him, Thou art not yet fifty years old, and hast thou seen Abraham?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So the Jews said to Him, “You are not yet fifty years old, and have You seen Abraham?”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then said the Jews to him, Thou art not yet fifty years old, and hast thou seen Abraham?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The Jews therefore said to him, Thou hast not yet fifty years, and hast thou seen Abraham?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The Jews, therefore, said unto him—Fifty years old, not yet art thou, and, Abraham, hast thou seen?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The Jews, therefore, said unto him, 'Thou art not yet fifty years old, and Abraham hast thou seen?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The Jews therefore said to him: Thou art not yet fifty years old. And hast thou seen Abraham?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then said the Iewes vnto him, Thou art not yet fiftie yeeres olde, and hast thou seene Abraham?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— The Jihudoyee said to him, Yet the son of fifty years thou art not, and Abraham hast thou seen?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— The Jews say to him: Thou art not yet fifty years old, and hast thou seen Abraham?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then 3767
{3767} Prime
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
said 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Jews 2453
{2453} Prime
Ἰουδαῖος
Ioudaios
{ee-oo-dah'-yos}
From G2448 (in the sense of G2455 as a country); Judaean, that is, belonging to Jehudah.
unto 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
him, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Thou art 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
not yet 3768
{3768} Prime
οὔπω
oupo
{oo'-po}
From G3756 and G4452; not yet.
fifty 4004
{4004} Prime
πεντήκοντα
pentekonta
{pen-tay'-kon-tah}
Multiplicative of G4002; fifty.
years old, 2094
{2094} Prime
ἔτος
etos
{et'-os}
Apparently a primary word; a year.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
hast thou seen 3708
{3708} Prime
ὁράω
horao
{hor-ah'-o}
Properly to stare at (compare G3700), that is, (by implication) to discern clearly (physically or mentally); by extension to attend to; by Hebraism to experience; passively to appear.
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
Abraham? 11
{0011} Prime
Ἀβραάμ
Abraam
{ab-rah-am'}
Of Hebrew origin [H0085]; Abraham, the Hebrew patriarch. In Acts 7:16 the text should probably read Jacob.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

John 8:57-59

_ _ Then said the Jews unto him, Thou art not yet fifty years old — “No inference can be drawn from this as to the age of our Lord at the time as man. Fifty years was with the Jews the completion of manhood” [Alford].

_ _ and hast thou seen Abraham? — He had said Abraham saw Him, as being his peculiar privilege. They give the opposite turn to it — “Hast Thou seen Abraham?” as an honor too great for Him to pretend to.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 8:51-59.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 8:57

Thou art not yet fifty years old — At the most. Perhaps the gravity of our Lord's countenance, together with his afflictions and labours, might make him appear older than he really was. Hast thou seen Abraham — Which they justly supposed must have been, if Abraham had seen him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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