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John 8:33 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— They answered unto him, We are Abraham's seed, and have never yet been in bondage to any man: how sayest thou, Ye shall be made free?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— They answered him, We be Abraham's seed, and were never in bondage to any man: how sayest thou, Ye shall be made free?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— They answered Him, “We are Abraham’s descendants and have never yet been enslaved to anyone; how is it that You say, ‘You will become free’?”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— They answered him, We are Abraham's offspring, and were never in bondage to any man: how sayest thou, Ye shall be made free?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— They answered him, We are Abraham's seed, and have never been under bondage to any one; how sayest thou, Ye shall become free?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— They made answer unto him—Seed of Abraham, are we, and, unto no one, have been brought into bondage, at any time: How sayest, thou, Free, shall ye be made?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— They answered him, 'Seed of Abraham we are; and to no one have we been servants at any time; how dost thou say—Ye shall become free?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— They answered him: We are the seed of Abraham: and we have never been slaves to any man. How sayest thou: You shall be free?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— They answered him, We be Abraham seed, and were neuer in bondage to any man: how sayest thou, Yee shall be made free?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— They say to him, We are the seed of Abraham, and never service to man have we performed; how sayest thou that we shall be sons of freedom?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— They say to him: We are the seed of Abraham, and never were in servitude to any man; and how sayest thou, Ye will be freemen?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
They answered 611
{0611} Prime
ἀποκρίνομαι
apokrinomai
{ap-ok-ree'-nom-ahee}
From G0575 and κρινω [[krino]]; to conclude for oneself, that is, (by implication) to respond; by Hebraism (compare [H6030]) to begin to speak (where an address is expected).
z5662
<5662> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 352
him, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
We be 2070
{2070} Prime
ἐσμέν
esmen
{es-men'}
Frist person plural indicative of G1510; we are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
Abraham's 11
{0011} Prime
Ἀβραάμ
Abraam
{ab-rah-am'}
Of Hebrew origin [H0085]; Abraham, the Hebrew patriarch. In Acts 7:16 the text should probably read Jacob.
seed, 4690
{4690} Prime
σπέρμα
sperma
{sper'-mah}
From G4687; somethng sown, that is, seed (including the male 'sperm'); by implication offspring; specifically a remnant (figuratively as if kept over for planting).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
were y1398
[1398] Standard
δουλεύω
douleuo
{dool-yoo'-o}
From G1401; to be a slave to (literally or figuratively, involuntarily or voluntarily).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
never y4455
[4455] Standard
πώποτε
popote
{po'-pot-e}
From G4452 and G4218; at any time, that is, (with negative particle) at no time.
in bondage 1398
{1398} Prime
δουλεύω
douleuo
{dool-yoo'-o}
From G1401; to be a slave to (literally or figuratively, involuntarily or voluntarily).
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
x4455
(4455) Complement
πώποτε
popote
{po'-pot-e}
From G4452 and G4218; at any time, that is, (with negative particle) at no time.
to any man: 3762
{3762} Prime
οὐδείς
oudeis
{oo-dice'}
From G3761 and G1520; not even one (man, woman or thing), that is, none, nobody, nothing.
how 4459
{4459} Prime
πῶς
pos
{poce}
Adverb from the base of G4226; an interrogitive particle of manner; in what way? (sometimes the question is indirect, how?); also as exclamation, how much!.
sayest 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
thou, 4771
{4771} Prime
σύ
su
{soo}
The personal pronoun of the second person singular; thou.
y3754
[3754] Standard
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
Ye shall be made 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5695
<5695> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
free? 1658
{1658} Prime
ἐλεύθερος
eleutheros
{el-yoo'-ther-os}
Probably from the alternate of G2064; unrestrained (to go at pleasure), that is, (as a citizen) not a slave (whether freeborn or manumitted), or (generally) exempt (from obligation or liability).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on John 8:31-33.


John 8:33

_ _ They answered him, We be Abraham’s seed, and were never in bondage to any man, etc. — Who said this? Not surely the very class just spoken of as won over by His divine words, and exhorted to continue in them. Most interpreters seem to think so; but it is hard to ascribe such a petulant speech to the newly gained disciples, even in the lowest sense, much less persons so gained as they were. It came, probably, from persons mixed up with them in the same part of the crowd, but of a very different spirit. The pride of the Jewish nation, even now after centuries of humiliation, is the most striking feature of their character. “Talk of freedom to us? Pray when or to whom were we ever in bondage?” This bluster sounds almost ludicrous from such a nation. Had they forgotten their long and bitter bondage in Egypt? their dreary captivity in Babylon? their present bondage to the Roman yoke, and their restless eagerness to throw it off? But probably they saw that our Lord pointed to something else — freedom, perhaps, from the leaders of sects or parties — and were not willing to allow their subjection even to these. Our Lord, therefore, though He knew what slaves they were in this sense, drives the ploughshare somewhat deeper than this, to a bondage they little dreamt of.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 8:31-37.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 8:33

They — The other Jews that were by, (not those that believed,) as appears by the whole tenor of the conversation. We were never enslaved to any man — A bold, notorious untruth. At that very time they were enslaved to the Romans.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

John 8:33

(h) They answered him, We be (i) Abraham's seed, and were never in bondage to any man: how sayest thou, Ye shall be made free?

(h) Some of the multitude, not they that believed: for this is not the speech of men that agree with him, but of men that are against him.

(i) Born and begotten of Abraham.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
We be:

John 8:39 They answered and said unto him, Abraham is our father. Jesus saith unto them, If ye were Abraham's children, ye would do the works of Abraham.
Leviticus 25:42 For they [are] my servants, which I brought forth out of the land of Egypt: they shall not be sold as bondmen.
Matthew 3:9 And think not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to [our] father: for I say unto you, that God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham.
Luke 16:24-26 And he cried and said, Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue; for I am tormented in this flame. ... And beside all this, between us and you there is a great gulf fixed: so that they which would pass from hence to you cannot; neither can they pass to us, that [would come] from thence.

and were:

John 19:25 Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the [wife] of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene.
Genesis 15:13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land [that is] not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years;
Exodus 1:13-14 And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigour: ... And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in morter, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field: all their service, wherein they made them serve, [was] with rigour.
Judges 2:18 And when the LORD raised them up judges, then the LORD was with the judge, and delivered them out of the hand of their enemies all the days of the judge: for it repented the LORD because of their groanings by reason of them that oppressed them and vexed them.
Judges 3:8 Therefore the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he sold them into the hand of Chushanrishathaim king of Mesopotamia: and the children of Israel served Chushanrishathaim eight years.
Judges 4:3 And the children of Israel cried unto the LORD: for he had nine hundred chariots of iron; and twenty years he mightily oppressed the children of Israel.
Ezra 9:9 For we [were] bondmen; yet our God hath not forsaken us in our bondage, but hath extended mercy unto us in the sight of the kings of Persia, to give us a reviving, to set up the house of our God, and to repair the desolations thereof, and to give us a wall in Judah and in Jerusalem.
Nehemiah 5:4-8 There were also that said, We have borrowed money for the king's tribute, [and that upon] our lands and vineyards. ... And I said unto them, We after our ability have redeemed our brethren the Jews, which were sold unto the heathen; and will ye even sell your brethren? or shall they be sold unto us? Then held they their peace, and found nothing [to answer].
Nehemiah 9:27-28 Therefore thou deliveredst them into the hand of their enemies, who vexed them: and in the time of their trouble, when they cried unto thee, thou heardest [them] from heaven; and according to thy manifold mercies thou gavest them saviours, who saved them out of the hand of their enemies. ... But after they had rest, they did evil again before thee: therefore leftest thou them in the hand of their enemies, so that they had the dominion over them: yet when they returned, and cried unto thee, thou heardest [them] from heaven; and many times didst thou deliver them according to thy mercies;
Nehemiah 9:36-37 Behold, we [are] servants this day, and [for] the land that thou gavest unto our fathers to eat the fruit thereof and the good thereof, behold, we [are] servants in it: ... And it yieldeth much increase unto the kings whom thou hast set over us because of our sins: also they have dominion over our bodies, and over our cattle, at their pleasure, and we [are] in great distress.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 15:13. Ex 1:13. Lv 25:42. Jg 2:18; 3:8; 4:3. Ezr 9:9. Ne 5:4; 9:27, 36. Mt 3:9. Lk 16:24. Jn 8:39; 19:25.

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