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John 7:51 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Doth our law judge a man, except it first hear from himself and know what he doeth?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Doth our law judge [any] man, before it hear him, and know what he doeth?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Our Law does not judge a man unless it first hears from him and knows what he is doing, does it?”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Doth our law judge [any] man before it heareth him, and knoweth what he doeth?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Does our law judge a man before it have first heard from himself, and know what he does?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Surely, our law, doth not judge the man, unless it hear first from him, and get to know what he is doing?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Doth our law judge the man, if it may not hear from him first, and know what he doth?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Doth our law judge any man, unless it first hear him and know what he doth?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Doth our Law iudge any man before it heare him, & know what he doth?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Does our law condemn a man unless it shall hear from him first, and know what he hath done?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Doth our law condemn a man, unless it first hear him, and know what he hath done?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Doth y2919
[2919] Standard
κρίνω
krino
{kree'-no}
Properly to distinguish, that is, decide (mentally or judicially); by implication to try, condemn, punish.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
law 3551
{3551} Prime
νόμος
nomos
{nom'-os}
From a primary word νέμω [[nemo]] (to parcel out, especially food or grazing to animals); law (through the idea of prescriptive usage), generally (regulation), specifically (of Moses [including the volume]; also of the Gospel), or figuratively (a principle).
x3361
(3361) Complement
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
judge 2919
{2919} Prime
κρίνω
krino
{kree'-no}
Properly to distinguish, that is, decide (mentally or judicially); by implication to try, condemn, punish.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
y3361
[3361] Standard
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
[any] man, 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
before 4386
{4386} Prime
πρότερον
proteron
{prot'-er-on}
Neuter of G4387 as adverb (with or without the article); previously.
3362
{3362} Prime
ἐὰν με
ean me
{eh-an' may}
That is, G1437 and G3361; if not, that is, unless.
it hear 191
{0191} Prime
ἀκούω
akouo
{ak-oo'-o}
A primary verb; to hear (in various senses).
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
y3844
[3844] Standard
παρά
para
{par-ah'}
A primary preposition; properly near, that is, (with genitive case) from beside (literally or figuratively), (with dative case) at (or in) the vicinity of (objectively or subjectively), (with accusative case) to the proximity with (local [especially beyond or opposed to] or causal [on account of]). In compounds it retains the same variety of application.
him, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
know 1097
{1097} Prime
γινώσκω
ginosko
{ghin-oce'-ko}
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to 'know' (absolutely), in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as shown at left, with others not thus clearly expressed).
z5632
<5632> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 449
what 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
he doeth? 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on John 7:50-53.


John 7:51

_ _ Doth our law, etc. — a very proper, but all too tame rejoinder, and evidently more from pressure of conscience than any design to pronounce positively in the case. “The feebleness of his defense of Jesus has a strong contrast in the fierceness of the rejoinders of the Pharisees” [Webster and Wilkinson].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 7:45-53.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

John 7:51

Doth our law judge [any] man, before it hear him, and know (n) what he doeth?

(n) What the one who is accused has committed.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Deuteronomy 1:17 Ye shall not respect persons in judgment; [but] ye shall hear the small as well as the great; ye shall not be afraid of the face of man; for the judgment [is] God's: and the cause that is too hard for you, bring [it] unto me, and I will hear it.
Deuteronomy 17:8-11 If there arise a matter too hard for thee in judgment, between blood and blood, between plea and plea, and between stroke and stroke, [being] matters of controversy within thy gates: then shalt thou arise, and get thee up into the place which the LORD thy God shall choose; ... According to the sentence of the law which they shall teach thee, and according to the judgment which they shall tell thee, thou shalt do: thou shalt not decline from the sentence which they shall shew thee, [to] the right hand, nor [to] the left.
Deuteronomy 19:15-19 One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established. ... Then shall ye do unto him, as he had thought to have done unto his brother: so shalt thou put the evil away from among you.
Proverbs 18:13 He that answereth a matter before he heareth [it], it [is] folly and shame unto him.
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Dt 1:17; 17:8; 19:15. Pv 18:13.

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