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John 6:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Our fathers ate the manna in the wilderness; as it is written, He gave them bread out of heaven to eat.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Our fathers did eat manna in the desert; as it is written, He gave them bread from heaven to eat.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Our fathers ate the manna in the wilderness; as it is written, ‘HE GAVE THEM BREAD OUT OF HEAVEN TO EAT.’”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Our fathers ate manna in the desert; as it is written, He gave them bread from heaven to eat.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Our fathers ate the manna in the wilderness, as it is written, He gave them bread out of heaven to eat.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Our fathers, did eat, the manna, in the desert,—just as it is written: Bread out of heaven, he gave them to eat.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— our fathers the manna did eat in the wilderness, according as it is having been written, Bread out of the heaven He gave them to eat.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Our fathers did eat manna in the desert, as it is written: He gave them bread from heaven to eat.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Our fathers did eate Manna in the desert, as it is written, He gaue them bread from heauen to eate.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Our fathers manna did eat in the desert, as it is written, that bread from heaven be gave them to eat.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Our fathers ate the manna, in the wilderness; as it is written, He gave them bread from heaven to eat.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
fathers 3962
{3962} Prime
πατήρ
pater
{pat-ayr'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'father' (literally or figuratively, near or more remote).
did eat 5315
{5315} Prime
φάγω
phago
{fag'-o}
A primary verb (used as an alternate of G2068 in certain tenses); to eat (literally or figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
manna 3131
{3131} Prime
μάννα
manna
{man'-nah}
Of Hebrew origin [H4478]; manna (that is, man), an edible gum.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
desert; 2048
{2048} Prime
ἔρημος
eremos
{er'-ay-mos}
Of uncertain affinity; lonesome, that is, (by implication) waste (usually as a noun, G5561 being implied).
as 2531
{2531} Prime
καθώς
kathos
{kath-oce'}
From G2596 and G5613; just (or inasmuch) as, that.
it is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
written, 1125
{1125} Prime
γράφω
grapho
{graf'-o}
A primary verb; to 'grave', especially to write; figuratively to describe.
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
He gave 1325
{1325} Prime
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
them 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
bread 740
{0740} Prime
ἄρτος
artos
{ar'-tos}
From G0142; bread (as raised) or a loaf.
from 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
heaven 3772
{3772} Prime
οὐρανός
ouranos
{oo-ran-os'}
Perhaps from the same as G3735 (through the idea of elevation); the sky; by extension heaven (as the abode of God); by implication happiness, power, eternity; specifically the Gospel (Christianity).
to eat. 5315
{5315} Prime
φάγω
phago
{fag'-o}
A primary verb (used as an alternate of G2068 in certain tenses); to eat (literally or figuratively).
z5629
<5629> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 454
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on John 6:28-31.


John 6:31

_ _ Our fathers did eat manna, etc. — insinuating the inferiority of Christ’s miracle of the loaves to those of Moses: “When Moses claimed the confidence of the fathers, ‘he gave them bread from heaven to eat’ — not for a few thousands, but for millions, and not once only, but daily throughout their wilderness journey.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 6:28-59.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 6:31

Our fathers ate manna — This sign Moses gave them. He gave them bread from heaven — From the lower sublunary heaven; to which Jesus opposes the highest heaven: in which sense he says seven times, John 6:32-33, John 6:38, John 6:50, John 6:58, John 6:62, that he himself came down from heaven.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
fathers:

John 6:49 Your fathers did eat manna in the wilderness, and are dead.
Exodus 16:4-15 Then said the LORD unto Moses, Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a certain rate every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in my law, or no. ... And when the children of Israel saw [it], they said one to another, It [is] manna: for they wist not what it [was]. And Moses said unto them, This [is] the bread which the LORD hath given you to eat.
Exodus 16:35 And the children of Israel did eat manna forty years, until they came to a land inhabited; they did eat manna, until they came unto the borders of the land of Canaan.
Numbers 11:6-9 But now our soul [is] dried away: [there is] nothing at all, beside this manna, [before] our eyes. ... And when the dew fell upon the camp in the night, the manna fell upon it.
Deuteronomy 8:3 And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thou knewest not, neither did thy fathers know; that he might make thee know that man doth not live by bread only, but by every [word] that proceedeth out of the mouth of the LORD doth man live.
Joshua 5:12 And the manna ceased on the morrow after they had eaten of the old corn of the land; neither had the children of Israel manna any more; but they did eat of the fruit of the land of Canaan that year.
Nehemiah 9:20 Thou gavest also thy good spirit to instruct them, and withheldest not thy manna from their mouth, and gavest them water for their thirst.
Psalms 105:40 [The people] asked, and he brought quails, and satisfied them with the bread of heaven.

He gave:

Nehemiah 9:15 And gavest them bread from heaven for their hunger, and broughtest forth water for them out of the rock for their thirst, and promisedst them that they should go in to possess the land which thou hadst sworn to give them.
Psalms 78:24-25 And had rained down manna upon them to eat, and had given them of the corn of heaven. ... Man did eat angels' food: he sent them meat to the full.
1 Corinthians 10:3 And did all eat the same spiritual meat;
Revelation 2:17 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth [it].
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 16:4, 35. Nu 11:6. Dt 8:3. Jsh 5:12. Ne 9:15, 20. Ps 78:24; 105:40. Jn 6:49. 1Co 10:3. Rv 2:17.

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