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John 6:30 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— They said therefore unto him, What then doest thou for a sign, that we may see, and believe thee? what workest thou?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— They said therefore unto him, What sign shewest thou then, that we may see, and believe thee? what dost thou work?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So they said to Him, “What then do You do for a sign, so that we may see, and believe You? What work do You perform?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— They said therefore to him, What sign showest thou then, that we may see, and believe thee? what dost thou work?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— They said therefore to him, What sign then doest thou that we may see and believe thee? what dost thou work?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— They said, therefore, unto him—What, then, art, thou, doing, by way of sign, that we may see, and believe in thee: what art thou working?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— They said therefore to him, 'What sign, then, dost thou, that we may see and may believe thee? what dost thou work?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— They said therefore to him: What sign therefore dost thou shew that we may see and may believe thee? What dost thou work?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— They said therefore vnto him, What signe shewest thou then, that we may see, and beleeue thee? What doest thou worke?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— THEY say to him, What sign doest thou that we may see, and believe in thee? What performest thou?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— They say to him: What sign doest thou, that we may see and believe in thee? What workest thou?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
They said 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
therefore 3767
{3767} Prime
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
unto him, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
What 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
sign 4592
{4592} Prime
σημεῖον
semeion
{say-mi'-on}
Neuter of a presumed derivative of the base of G4591; an indication, especially ceremonially or supernaturally.
shewest 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
thou 4771
{4771} Prime
σύ
su
{soo}
The personal pronoun of the second person singular; thou.
then, 3767
{3767} Prime
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
we may see, 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5632
<5632> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 449
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
believe 4100
{4100} Prime
πιστεύω
pisteuo
{pist-yoo'-o}
From G4102; to have faith (in, upon, or with respect to, a person or thing), that is, credit; by implication to entrust (especially one's spiritual well being to Christ).
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
thee? 4671
{4671} Prime
σοί
soi
{soy}
Dative case of G4771; to thee.
what 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
dost thou work? 2038
{2038} Prime
ἐργάζομαι
ergazomai
{er-gad'-zom-ahee}
Middle voice from G2041; to toil (as a task, occupation, etc.), (by implication) effect, be engaged in or with, etc.
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on John 6:28-31.


John 6:30

_ _ What sign showest thou, etc. — But how could they ask “a sign,” when many of them scarce a day before had witnessed such a “sign” as had never till then been vouchsafed to men; when after witnessing it, they could hardly be restrained from making Him a king; when they followed Him from the one side of the lake to the other; and when, in the opening words of this very discourse, He had chided them for seeking Him, “not because they saw the signs,” but for the loaves? The truth seems to be that they were confounded by the novel claims which our Lord had just advanced. In proposing to make Him a king, it was for far other purposes than dispensing to the world the bread of an everlasting life; and when He seemed to raise His claims even higher still, by representing it as the grand “work of God,” that they should believe on Himself as His Sent One, they saw very clearly that He was making a demand upon them beyond anything they were prepared to accord to Him, and beyond all that man had ever before made. Hence their question, “What dost Thou work?

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 6:28-59.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 6:30

What sign dost thou? — Amazing, after what they had just seen!

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

John 6:30

(6) They said therefore unto him, What sign shewest thou then, that we may see, and believe thee? what dost thou work?

(6) The spiritual virtue of Christ is condemned by those that desire earthly miracles.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
What:

John 2:18 Then answered the Jews and said unto him, What sign shewest thou unto us, seeing that thou doest these things?
John 4:8 (For his disciples were gone away unto the city to buy meat.)
Exodus 4:8 And it shall come to pass, if they will not believe thee, neither hearken to the voice of the first sign, that they will believe the voice of the latter sign.
1 Kings 13:3 And he gave a sign the same day, saying, This [is] the sign which the LORD hath spoken; Behold, the altar shall be rent, and the ashes that [are] upon it shall be poured out.
1 Kings 13:5 The altar also was rent, and the ashes poured out from the altar, according to the sign which the man of God had given by the word of the LORD.
Isaiah 7:11-14 Ask thee a sign of the LORD thy God; ask it either in the depth, or in the height above. ... Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.
Matthew 12:38-39 Then certain of the scribes and of the Pharisees answered, saying, Master, we would see a sign from thee. ... But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas:
Matthew 16:1-4 The Pharisees also with the Sadducees came, and tempting desired him that he would shew them a sign from heaven. ... A wicked and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given unto it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas. And he left them, and departed.
Mark 8:11 And the Pharisees came forth, and began to question with him, seeking of him a sign from heaven, tempting him.
Luke 11:29-30 And when the people were gathered thick together, he began to say, This is an evil generation: they seek a sign; and there shall no sign be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet. ... For as Jonas was a sign unto the Ninevites, so shall also the Son of man be to this generation.
Acts 4:30 By stretching forth thine hand to heal; and that signs and wonders may be done by the name of thy holy child Jesus.
1 Corinthians 1:22 For the Jews require a sign, and the Greeks seek after wisdom:
Hebrews 2:4 God also bearing [them] witness, both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will?

see:

John 6:36 But I said unto you, That ye also have seen me, and believe not.
John 10:38 But if I do, though ye believe not me, believe the works: that ye may know, and believe, that the Father [is] in me, and I in him.
John 12:37 But though he had done so many miracles before them, yet they believed not on him:
John 20:25-29 The other disciples therefore said unto him, We have seen the Lord. But he said unto them, Except I shall see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and thrust my hand into his side, I will not believe. ... Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: blessed [are] they that have not seen, and [yet] have believed.
Isaiah 5:19 That say, Let him make speed, [and] hasten his work, that we may see [it]: and let the counsel of the Holy One of Israel draw nigh and come, that we may know [it]!
Mark 15:32 Let Christ the King of Israel descend now from the cross, that we may see and believe. And they that were crucified with him reviled him.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 4:8. 1K 13:3, 5. Is 5:19; 7:11. Mt 12:38; 16:1. Mk 8:11; 15:32. Lk 11:29. Jn 2:18; 4:8; 6:36; 10:38; 12:37; 20:25. Ac 4:30. 1Co 1:22. He 2:4.

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