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John 5:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [for an angel of the Lord went down at certain seasons into the pool, and troubled the water: whosoever then first after the troubling of the waters stepped in was made whole, with whatsoever disease he was holden.]
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For an angel went down at a certain season into the pool, and troubled the water: whosoever then first after the troubling of the water stepped in was made whole of whatsoever disease he had.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— for an angel of the Lord went down at certain seasons into the pool and stirred up the water; whoever then first, after the stirring up of the water, stepped in was made well from whatever disease with which he was afflicted.]]
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For an angel went down at a certain season into the pool, and agitated the water: whoever then first after the stirring of the water stepped in, was cured of whatever disease he had.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [For an angel descended at a certain season in the pool and troubled the water. Whoever therefore first went in after the troubling of the water became well, whatever disease he laboured under.]
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [Absent]
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for a messenger at a set time was going down in the pool, and was troubling the water, the first then having gone in after the troubling of the water, became whole of whatever sickness he was held.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And an angel of the Lord descended at certain times into the pond and the water was moved. And he that went down first into the pond after the motion of the water was made whole of whatsoever infirmity he lay under.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For an Angel went downe at a certaine season into the poole, and troubled the water: whosoeuer then first after the troubling of the water stepped in, was made whole of whatsoeuer disease he had.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For an angel at times descended to the pool and moved the waters; and he who first descended after the movement of the waters was healed of whatever disease he had.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For an angel, from time to time, descended into the baptistery, and moved the waters; and he who first went in, after the moving of the waters, was cured of whatever disease he had.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
an angel 32
{0032} Prime
ἄγγελος
aggelos
{ang'-el-os}
From ἀγγέλλω [[aggello]] (probably derived from G0071; compare G0034; to bring tidings); a messenger; especially an 'angel'; by implication a pastor.
went down 2597
{2597} Prime
καταβαίνω
katabaino
{kat-ab-ah'-ee-no}
From G2596 and the base of G0939; to descend (literally or figuratively).
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
at y2596
[2596] Standard
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
a certain season 2540
{2540} Prime
καιρός
kairos
{kahee-ros'}
Of uncertain affinity; an occasion, that is, set or proper time.
x2596
(2596) Complement
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
into 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
pool, 2861
{2861} Prime
κολυμβήθρα
kolumbethra
{kol-oom-bay'-thrah}
From G2860; a diving place, that is, pond for bathing (or swimming).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
troubled 5015
{5015} Prime
ταράσσω
tarasso
{tar-as'-so}
Of uncertain affinity; to stir or agitate (roil water).
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
water: 5204
{5204} Prime
ὕδωρ
hudor
{hoo'-dore}
From the base of G5205; water (as if rainy) literally or figuratively.
whosoever then 3767
{3767} Prime
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
first 4413
{4413} Prime
πρῶτος
protos
{pro'-tos}
Contracted superlative of G4253; foremost (in time, place, order or importance).
after 3326
{3326} Prime
μετά
meta
{met-ah'}
A primary preposition (often used adverbially); properly denoting accompaniment; 'amid' (local or causal); modified variously according to the case (genitive case association, or accusative case succession) with which it is joined; occupying an intermediate position between G0575 or G1537 and G1519 or G4314; less intimate than G1722, and less close than G4862).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
troubling 5016
{5016} Prime
ταραχή
tarache
{tar-akh-ay'}
Feminine from G5015; disturbance, that is, (of water) roiling, or (of a mob) sedition.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
water 5204
{5204} Prime
ὕδωρ
hudor
{hoo'-dore}
From the base of G5205; water (as if rainy) literally or figuratively.
stepped in 1684
{1684} Prime
ἐμβαίνω
embaino
{em-ba'-hee-no}
From G1722 and the base of G0939; to walk on, that is, embark (aboard a vessel), reach (a pool).
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
was made 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5711
<5711> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 184
whole 5199
{5199} Prime
ὑγιής
hugies
{hoog-ee-ace'}
From the base of G0837; healthy, that is, well (in body); figuratively true (in doctrine).
of y3739
[3739] Standard
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
whatsoever 1221
{1221} Prime
δήποτε
depote
{day'-pot-eh}
From G1211 and G4218; a particle of generalization; indeed, at any time.
x3739
(3739) Complement
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
disease 3553
{3553} Prime
νόσημα
nosema
{nos'-ay-ma}
From G3552; an ailment.
he had. 2722
{2722} Prime
κατέχω
katecho
{kat-ekh'-o}
From G2596 and G2192; to hold down (fast), in various applications (literally or figuratively).
z5712
<5712> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 83
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

John 5:4

_ _ an angel, etc. — This miracle differed in two points from all other miracles recorded in Scripture: (1) It was not one, but a succession of miracles periodically wrought: (2) As it was only wrought “when the waters were troubled,” so only upon one patient at a time, and that the patient “who first stepped in after the troubling of the waters.” But this only the more undeniably fixed its miraculous character. We have heard of many waters having a medicinal virtue; but what water was ever known to cure instantaneously a single disease? And who ever heard of any water curing all, even the most diverse diseases — “blind, halt, withered” — alike? Above all, who ever heard of such a thing being done “only at a certain season,” and most singularly of all, doing it only to the first person who stepped in after the moving of the waters? Any of these peculiarities — much more all taken together — must have proclaimed the supernatural character of the cures wrought. (If the text here be genuine, there can be no doubt of the miracle, as there were multitudes living when this Gospel was published who, from their own knowledge of Jerusalem, could have exposed the falsehood of the Evangelist, if no such cure had been known there. The want of John 5:4 and part of John 5:3 in some good manuscripts, and the use of some unusual words in the passage, are more easily accounted for than the evidence in their favor if they were not originally in the text. Indeed John 5:7 is unintelligible without John 5:4. The internal evidence brought against it is merely the unlikelihood of such a miracle — a principle which will carry us a great deal farther if we allow it to weigh against positive evidence).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 5:1-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 5:4

An angel — Yet many undoubtedly thought the whole thing to be purely natural. At certain times — Perhaps at a certain hour of the day, during this paschal week, went down — The Greek word implies that he had ceased going down, before the time of St. John's writing this. God might design this to raise expectation of the acceptable time approaching, to add a greater lustre to his Son's miracles, and to show that his ancient people were not entirely forgotten of him. The first — Whereas the Son of God healed every day not one only, but whole multitudes that resorted to him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
whosoever:
The sanative property of this pool has been supposed by some to have been communicated by the blood of the sacrifices, and others have referred it to the mineral properties of the waters. But:
1. The beasts for sacrifice were not washed here, but in a laver in the temple.
2. No natural property could cure all manner of diseases.
3. The cure only extended to the first who entered.
4. It took place only at one particular time.
5. As the healing was effected by immersion, it must have been instantaneous; and it was never failing in it effects.
All which, not being observed in medicinal waters, determine the cures to have been miraculous, as expressly stated in the text.

first:

Psalms 119:60 I made haste, and delayed not to keep thy commandments.
Proverbs 6:4 Give not sleep to thine eyes, nor slumber to thine eyelids.
Proverbs 8:17 I love them that love me; and those that seek me early shall find me.
Ecclesiastes 9:10 Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do [it] with thy might; for [there is] no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave, whither thou goest.
Hosea 13:13 The sorrows of a travailing woman shall come upon him: he [is] an unwise son; for he should not stay long in [the place of] the breaking forth of children.
Matthew 6:33 But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you.
Matthew 11:12 And from the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven suffereth violence, and the violent take it by force.
Luke 13:24-28 Strive to enter in at the strait gate: for many, I say unto you, will seek to enter in, and shall not be able. ... There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when ye shall see Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, and all the prophets, in the kingdom of God, and you [yourselves] thrust out.
Luke 16:16 The law and the prophets [were] until John: since that time the kingdom of God is preached, and every man presseth into it.

was made:

2 Kings 5:10-14 And Elisha sent a messenger unto him, saying, Go and wash in Jordan seven times, and thy flesh shall come again to thee, and thou shalt be clean. ... Then went he down, and dipped himself seven times in Jordan, according to the saying of the man of God: and his flesh came again like unto the flesh of a little child, and he was clean.
Ezekiel 47:8 Then said he unto me, These waters issue out toward the east country, and go down into the desert, and go into the sea: [which being] brought forth into the sea, the waters shall be healed.
Zechariah 13:1 In that day there shall be a fountain opened to the house of David and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem for sin and for uncleanness.
Zechariah 14:8 And it shall be in that day, [that] living waters shall go out from Jerusalem; half of them toward the former sea, and half of them toward the hinder sea: in summer and in winter shall it be.
1 Corinthians 6:11 And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.
1 John 1:7 But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2K 5:10. Ps 119:60. Pv 6:4; 8:17. Ec 9:10. Ezk 47:8. Ho 13:13. Zc 13:1; 14:8. Mt 6:33; 11:12. Lk 13:24; 16:16. 1Co 6:11. 1Jn 1:7.

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