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John 5:27 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and he gave him authority to execute judgment, because he is a son of man.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And hath given him authority to execute judgment also, because he is the Son of man.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and He gave Him authority to execute judgment, because He is [the] Son of Man.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And hath given him authority to execute judgment also, because he is the Son of man.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and has given him authority to execute judgment [also], because he is Son of man.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, authority, hath he given him, to be executing, judgment,—because, Son of Man, is he!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and authority He gave him also to do judgment, because he is Son of Man.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he hath given him power to do judgment, because he is the Son of man.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And hath giuen him authority to execute iudgement also, because he is the Sonne of man.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and hath empowered him also to execute judgment. Because he is the Son of man,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and hath moreover given him authority to execute judgment. But that he is the Son of man,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
hath given 1325
{1325} Prime
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
him 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
authority 1849
{1849} Prime
ἐξουσία
exousia
{ex-oo-see'-ah}
From G1832 (in the sense of ability); privilege, that is, (subjectively) force, capacity, competency, freedom, or (objectively) mastery (concretely magistrate, superhuman, potentate, token of control), delegated influence.
to execute 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
judgment 2920
{2920} Prime
κρίσις
krisis
{kree'-sis}
(Subjectively or objectively, for or against); by extension a tribunal; by implication justice (specifically divine law).
also, 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
because 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
he is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
the Son 5207
{5207} Prime
υἱός
huios
{hwee-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
of man. 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on John 5:25-29.


John 5:27

_ _ because he is the Son of man — This seems to confirm the last remark, that what Christ had properly in view was the indwelling of the Son’s essential life in humanity as the great theater and medium of divine display, in both the great departments of His work — life-giving and judgment. The appointment of a Judge in our own nature is one of the most beautiful arrangements of divine wisdom in redemption.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 5:17-30.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 5:27

Because he is the Son of man — He is appointed to judge mankind because he was made man.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

John 5:27

And hath given him (i) authority to execute judgment also, because he is (k) the Son of man.

(i) That is, high and sovereign power to rule and govern all things, in so much that he has power over life and death.

(k) That is, he will not only judge the world as he is God, but also as he is man, he received this from his Father, to be judge of the world.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
hath:

John 5:22 For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son:
Psalms 2:6-9 Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion. ... Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel.
Psalms 110:1-2 [[A Psalm of David.]] The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool. ... The LORD shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies.
Psalms 110:6 He shall judge among the heathen, he shall fill [the places] with the dead bodies; he shall wound the heads over many countries.
Acts 10:42 And he commanded us to preach unto the people, and to testify that it is he which was ordained of God [to be] the Judge of quick and dead.
Acts 17:31 Because he hath appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness by [that] man whom he hath ordained; [whereof] he hath given assurance unto all [men], in that he hath raised him from the dead.
1 Corinthians 15:25 For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet.
Ephesians 1:20-23 Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set [him] at his own right hand in the heavenly [places], ... Which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all.
1 Peter 3:22 Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels and authorities and powers being made subject unto him.

because:

Daniel 7:13-14 I saw in the night visions, and, behold, [one] like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him. ... And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion [is] an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom [that] which shall not be destroyed.
Philippians 2:7-11 But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: ... And [that] every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ [is] Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
Hebrews 2:7-9 Thou madest him a little lower than the angels; thou crownedst him with glory and honour, and didst set him over the works of thy hands: ... But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man.

the Son:
This appears to be a direct reference to
Daniel 7:13 I saw in the night visions, and, behold, [one] like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him.
, which the Jews interpret of the Messiah.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 2:6; 110:1, 6. Dn 7:13. Jn 5:22. Ac 10:42; 17:31. 1Co 15:25. Ep 1:20. Php 2:7. He 2:7. 1P 3:22.

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