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John 5:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Now there is in Jerusalem by the sheep [gate] a pool, which is called in Hebrew Bethesda, having five porches.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Now there is at Jerusalem by the sheep [market] a pool, which is called in the Hebrew tongue Bethesda, having five porches.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now there is in Jerusalem by the sheep [gate] a pool, which is called in Hebrew Bethesda, having five porticoes.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now there is at Jerusalem by the sheep [market] a pool, which is called in the Hebrew tongue, Bethesda, having five porches.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Now there is in Jerusalem, at the sheepgate, a pool, which is called in Hebrew, Bethesda, having five porches.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now there is in Jerusalem, at the Sheep-gate, a pool, which is called in Hebrew Bethzatha,—having, five porches.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and there is in Jerusalem by the sheep-[gate] a pool that is called in Hebrew Bethesda, having five porches,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now there is at Jerusalem a pond, called Probatica, which in Hebrew is named Bethsaida, having five porches.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Now there is at Hierusalem by the sheepe [market], a poole, which is called in the Hebrew tongue [Bethesda], hauing fiue porches.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Now there was there in Urishlem a certain place of ablution, which was called in Hebrew Bethchesda, and having in it five porticoes.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And there was there in Jerusalem a certain place of baptizing, which was called in Hebrew Bethesda; and there were in it five porches.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Now 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
there is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
at 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
Jerusalem 2414
{2414} Prime
Ἱεροσόλυμα
Hierosoluma
{hee-er-os-ol'-oo-mah}
Of Hebrew origin [H3389]; Hierosolyma (that is, Jerushalaim), the capital of Palestine.
by 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
sheep 4262
{4262} Prime
προβατικός
probatikos
{prob-at-ik-os'}
From G4263; relating to sheep, that is, (a gate) through which they were led into Jerusalem.
[market] a pool, 2861
{2861} Prime
κολυμβήθρα
kolumbethra
{kol-oom-bay'-thrah}
From G2860; a diving place, that is, pond for bathing (or swimming).
which y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
is called 1951
{1951} Prime
ἐπιλέγομαι
epilegomai
{ep-ee-leg'-om-ahee}
Middle voice from G1909 and G3004; to surname, select.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
in the Hebrew tongue 1447
{1447} Prime
Ἑβραϊστί
Hebraisti
{heb-rah-is-tee'}
Adverb from G1446; Hebraistically or in the Jewish (Chaldee) language.
Bethesda, 964
{0964} Prime
Βηθεσδά
Bethesda
{bay-thes-dah'}
Of Chaldee origin (compare [H1004] and [H2617]); house of kindness; Bethesda, a pool in Jerusalem.
having 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
five 4002
{4002} Prime
πέντε
pente
{pen'-teh}
A primary number; 'five'.
porches. 4745
{4745} Prime
στοά
stoa
{sto-ah'}
Probably from G2476; a colonnade or interior piazza.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

John 5:2-3

_ _ sheep market — The supplement should be (as in Margin) “sheep [gate],” mentioned in Nehemiah 3:1, Nehemiah 3:32.

_ _ Bethesda — that is, “house (place) of mercy,” from the cures wrought there.

_ _ five porches — for shelter to the patients.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 5:1-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 5:2

There is in Jerusalem — Hence it appears, that St. John wrote his Gospel before Jerusalem was destroyed: it is supposed about thirty years after the ascension. Having five porticos — Built for the use of the sick. Probably the basin had five sides! Bethesda signifies the house of mercy.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

John 5:2

(1) Now there is at Jerusalem by the sheep [market] a (a) pool, which is called in the Hebrew tongue (b) Bethesda, having five porches.

(1) There is no disease so old which Christ cannot heal.

(a) Of which cattle drank, and used to be plunged in, since there was a great abundance of water at Jerusalem.

(b) That is to say, the house of pouring out, because a great abundance of water was poured out into that place.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
market:
or, gate,
Nehemiah 3:1 Then Eliashib the high priest rose up with his brethren the priests, and they builded the sheep gate; they sanctified it, and set up the doors of it; even unto the tower of Meah they sanctified it, unto the tower of Hananeel.
Nehemiah 12:39 And from above the gate of Ephraim, and above the old gate, and above the fish gate, and the tower of Hananeel, and the tower of Meah, even unto the sheep gate: and they stood still in the prison gate.

pool:

Isaiah 22:9 Ye have seen also the breaches of the city of David, that they are many: and ye gathered together the waters of the lower pool.
Isaiah 22:11 Ye made also a ditch between the two walls for the water of the old pool: but ye have not looked unto the maker thereof, neither had respect unto him that fashioned it long ago.

Bethesda:
The supposed remains of the pool of Bethesda are situated on the east of Jerusalem, contiguous on one side to St. Stephen's gate, and on the other to the area of the temple. Maundrell states that, "it is 120 paces long, and forty broad, and at least eight deep, but void of water. At its west end it discovers some old arches, now damned up. These some will have to be porches, in which sat that multitude of lame, halt, and blind. But it is not likely, for instead of five, there are but three."
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Ne 3:1; 12:39. Is 22:9, 11.

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