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John 4:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Ye worship that which ye know not: we worship that which we know; for salvation is from the Jews.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Ye worship ye know not what: we know what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “You worship what you do not know; we worship what we know, for salvation is from the Jews.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Ye worship ye know not what: we know what we worship, for salvation is from the Jews.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Ye worship ye know not what; we worship what we know, for salvation is of the Jews.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Ye, worship, that which ye know not; We, worship, that which we know; because, salvation, is, of the Jews.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— ye worship what ye have not known; we worship what we have known, because the salvation is of the Jews;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— You adore that which you know not: we adore that which we know. For salvation is of the Jews.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Ye worship ye know not what: we know what we worship: for saluation is of the Iewes.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— you worship something you know not; but we worship whom we know; for salvation is from the Jihudoyee.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Ye worship, ye know not what; but we worship what we know; for life is from the Jews.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Ye 5210
{5210} Prime
ὑμεῖς
humeis
{hoo-mice'}
Irregular plural of G4771; you (as subject of verb).
worship 4352
{4352} Prime
προσκυνέω
proskuneo
{pros-koo-neh'-o}
From G4314 and probably a derivative of G2965 (meaning to kiss, like a dog licking his master's hand); to fawn or crouch to, that is, (literally or figuratively) prostrate oneself in homage (do reverence to, adore).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
ye know 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
what: 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
we x2249
(2249) Complement
ἡμεῖς
hemeis
{hay-mice'}
Nomitive plural of G1473; we (only used when emphatic).
know 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
what 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
we y2249
[2249] Standard
ἡμεῖς
hemeis
{hay-mice'}
Nomitive plural of G1473; we (only used when emphatic).
worship: 4352
{4352} Prime
προσκυνέω
proskuneo
{pros-koo-neh'-o}
From G4314 and probably a derivative of G2965 (meaning to kiss, like a dog licking his master's hand); to fawn or crouch to, that is, (literally or figuratively) prostrate oneself in homage (do reverence to, adore).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
for 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
salvation 4991
{4991} Prime
σωτηρία
soteria
{so-tay-ree'-ah}
Feminine of a derivative of G4990 as (properly abstract) noun; rescue or safety (physically or morally).
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
of 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Jews. 2453
{2453} Prime
Ἰουδαῖος
Ioudaios
{ee-oo-dah'-yos}
From G2448 (in the sense of G2455 as a country); Judaean, that is, belonging to Jehudah.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on John 4:21-24.


John 4:22

_ _ Ye worship ye know not what — without any revealed authority, and so very much in the dark. In this sense, the Jews knew what they were about. But the most glorious thing here is the reason assigned,

_ _ for salvation is of the Jews — intimating to her that Salvation was not a thing left to be reached by any one who might vaguely desire it of a God of mercy, but something that had been revealed, prepared, deposited with a particular people, and must be sought in connection with, and as issuing from them; and that people, “the Jews.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 4:4-26.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 4:22

Ye worship ye know not what — Ye Samaritans are ignorant, not only of the place, but of the very object of worship. Indeed, they feared the Lord after a fashion; but at the same time served their own gods, 2 Kings 17:33. Salvation is from the Jews — So spake all the prophets, that the Saviour should arise out of the Jewish nation: and that from thence the knowledge of him should spread to all nations under heaven.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
ye know:

2 Kings 17:27-29 Then the king of Assyria commanded, saying, Carry thither one of the priests whom ye brought from thence; and let them go and dwell there, and let him teach them the manner of the God of the land. ... Howbeit every nation made gods of their own, and put [them] in the houses of the high places which the Samaritans had made, every nation in their cities wherein they dwelt.
2 Kings 17:41 So these nations feared the LORD, and served their graven images, both their children, and their children's children: as did their fathers, so do they unto this day.
Ezra 4:2 Then they came to Zerubbabel, and to the chief of the fathers, and said unto them, Let us build with you: for we seek your God, as ye [do]; and we do sacrifice unto him since the days of Esarhaddon king of Assur, which brought us up hither.
Acts 17:23 For as I passed by, and beheld your devotions, I found an altar with this inscription, TO THE UNKNOWN GOD. Whom therefore ye ignorantly worship, him declare I unto you.
Acts 17:30 And the times of this ignorance God winked at; but now commandeth all men every where to repent:

we worship:

2 Chronicles 13:10-12 But as for us, the LORD [is] our God, and we have not forsaken him; and the priests, which minister unto the LORD, [are] the sons of Aaron, and the Levites [wait] upon [their] business: ... And, behold, God himself [is] with us for [our] captain, and his priests with sounding trumpets to cry alarm against you. O children of Israel, fight ye not against the LORD God of your fathers; for ye shall not prosper.
Psalms 147:19 He sheweth his word unto Jacob, his statutes and his judgments unto Israel.
Romans 3:2 Much every way: chiefly, because that unto them were committed the oracles of God.
Romans 9:5 Whose [are] the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ [came], who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.

for:

Genesis 49:10 The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him [shall] the gathering of the people [be].
Psalms 68:20 [He that is] our God [is] the God of salvation; and unto GOD the Lord [belong] the issues from death.
Isaiah 2:3 And many people shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.
Isaiah 12:2 Behold, God [is] my salvation; I will trust, and not be afraid: for the LORD JEHOVAH [is] my strength and [my] song; he also is become my salvation.
Isaiah 12:6 Cry out and shout, thou inhabitant of Zion: for great [is] the Holy One of Israel in the midst of thee.
Isaiah 46:13 I bring near my righteousness; it shall not be far off, and my salvation shall not tarry: and I will place salvation in Zion for Israel my glory.
Zephaniah 3:16-17 In that day it shall be said to Jerusalem, Fear thou not: [and to] Zion, Let not thine hands be slack. ... The LORD thy God in the midst of thee [is] mighty; he will save, he will rejoice over thee with joy; he will rest in his love, he will joy over thee with singing.
Zechariah 9:9 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he [is] just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.
Luke 24:47 And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
Romans 9:4-5 Who are Israelites; to whom [pertaineth] the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service [of God], and the promises; ... Whose [are] the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ [came], who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.
Hebrews 7:14 For [it is] evident that our Lord sprang out of Juda; of which tribe Moses spake nothing concerning priesthood.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 49:10. 2K 17:27, 41. 2Ch 13:10. Ezr 4:2. Ps 68:20; 147:19. Is 2:3; 12:2, 6; 46:13. Zp 3:16. Zc 9:9. Lk 24:47. Ac 17:23, 30. Ro 3:2; 9:4, 5. He 7:14.

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