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John 4:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— for thou hast had five husbands; and he whom thou now hast is not thy husband: this hast thou said truly.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For thou hast had five husbands; and he whom thou now hast is not thy husband: in that saidst thou truly.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— for you have had five husbands, and the one whom you now have is not your husband; this you have said truly.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For thou hast had five husbands, and he whom thou now hast, is not thy husband: in that thou hast spoken truth.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— for thou hast had five husbands, and he whom now thou hast is not thy husband: this thou hast spoken truly.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— for, five husbands, thou hast had,—and, now, he whom thou hast, is not thy, husband: This true thing, hast thou spoken.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for five husbands thou hast had, and, now, he whom thou hast is not thy husband; this hast thou said truly.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For thou hast had five husbands: and he whom thou now hast is not thy husband. This, thou hast said truly.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For thou hast had fiue husbands, and he whom thou now hast, is not thy husband: In that saidest thou truely.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— for five husbands hast thou had, and this whom thou now hast is not thy husband; this hast thou said truly.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— for thou hast had five husbands, and he whom thou now hast, is not thy husband. In this thou didst speak truly.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
thou hast had 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
five 4002
{4002} Prime
πέντε
pente
{pen'-teh}
A primary number; 'five'.
husbands; 435
{0435} Prime
ἀνήρ
aner
{an'-ayr}
A primary word (compare G0444); a man (properly as an individual male).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
he whom 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
thou y2192
[2192] Standard
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
now 3568
{3568} Prime
νῦν
nun
{noon}
A primary particle of present time; 'now' (as adverb of date, a transition or emphasis); also as noun or adjective present or immediate.
hast 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
thy 4675
{4675} Prime
σοῦ
sou
{soo}
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
husband: 435
{0435} Prime
ἀνήρ
aner
{an'-ayr}
A primary word (compare G0444); a man (properly as an individual male).
in that 5124
{5124} Prime
τοῦτο
touto
{too'-to}
Neuter, singular, nomitive or accusative of G3778; that thing.
saidst x2046
(2046) Complement
ἐρέω
ereo
{er-eh'-o}
Probably a fuller form of G4483; an alternate for G2036 in certain tenses; to utter, that is, speak or say.
thou y2046
[2046] Standard
ἐρέω
ereo
{er-eh'-o}
Probably a fuller form of G4483; an alternate for G2036 in certain tenses; to utter, that is, speak or say.
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
truly. 227
{0227} Prime
ἀληθής
alethes
{al-ay-thace'}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G2990; true (as not concealing).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on John 4:15-18.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 4:4-26.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 4:18

Thou hast had five husbands — Whether they were all dead or not, her own conscience now awakened would tell her.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
is not:

Genesis 20:3 But God came to Abimelech in a dream by night, and said to him, Behold, thou [art but] a dead man, for the woman which thou hast taken; for she [is] a man's wife.
Genesis 34:2 And when Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, prince of the country, saw her, he took her, and lay with her, and defiled her.
Genesis 34:7-8 And the sons of Jacob came out of the field when they heard [it]: and the men were grieved, and they were very wroth, because he had wrought folly in Israel in lying with Jacob's daughter; which thing ought not to be done. ... And Hamor communed with them, saying, The soul of my son Shechem longeth for your daughter: I pray you give her him to wife.
Genesis 34:31 And they said, Should he deal with our sister as with an harlot?
Numbers 5:29 This [is] the law of jealousies, when a wife goeth aside [to another] instead of her husband, and is defiled;
Ruth 4:10 Moreover Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of Mahlon, have I purchased to be my wife, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance, that the name of the dead be not cut off from among his brethren, and from the gate of his place: ye [are] witnesses this day.
Jeremiah 3:20 Surely [as] a wife treacherously departeth from her husband, so have ye dealt treacherously with me, O house of Israel, saith the LORD.
Ezekiel 16:32 [But as] a wife that committeth adultery, [which] taketh strangers instead of her husband!
Mark 10:12 And if a woman shall put away her husband, and be married to another, she committeth adultery.
Romans 7:3 So then if, while [her] husband liveth, she be married to another man, she shall be called an adulteress: but if her husband be dead, she is free from that law; so that she is no adulteress, though she be married to another man.
1 Corinthians 7:10-11 And unto the married I command, [yet] not I, but the Lord, Let not the wife depart from [her] husband: ... But and if she depart, let her remain unmarried, or be reconciled to [her] husband: and let not the husband put away [his] wife.
Hebrews 13:4 Marriage [is] honourable in all, and the bed undefiled: but whoremongers and adulterers God will judge.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 20:3; 34:2, 7, 31. Nu 5:29. Ru 4:10. Jr 3:20. Ezk 16:32. Mk 10:12. Ro 7:3. 1Co 7:10. He 13:4.

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User-Posted Comments on John 4:18


You know, you make a good point, zcostilla. I digress.

You know, come to think of it, Jesus was probably making a point about spiritual and physical marriage in this narrative.

She was used as an example by God of the adultery and the marriage of the Northern lands to five husbands, and they did not know God living in sin in a defacto relationship in Samaria. The woman at the well is a powerful allegory and also a lesson on marriage.

Which brings us to your point:

Regarding her personal life, this sequence appears to show firstly, the woman had been married five times under the law and each one was recognized as a legitimate marriage by Messiah. She was currently living with a man but that arrangement was not recognized to be a marriage by Messiah. Thus Messiah produced doctrine in this way. He recognized multiple marriages as there is no indication that this woman had been widowed five times. Indeed the law allows remarriage as we see above. Secondly, Christ ruled here on de facto marriage, pronouncing it as no legitimate marriage.

Just some more thoughts on your very good observation :)
- cody927 (4/3/2017 4:47:08 PM)
@ cody97 if your point is true, then why did she personalize it in Verse 29?
- zcostilla (4/3/2017 8:23:21 AM)
In this verse, most people believe Jesus to be telling the Samaritan woman at the well personal details about her love life and that she has had five literal husbands. He is not referring to this woman having gone through five separate men. He is referring to the 'husbands' of Samaria. When Israel was carried off into captivity around 722 BC, the Assyrians settled foreign peoples in the land that brought their own pagan gods. compare 2 Kings 17:24-34, esp. v. 30 which emphasizes the five nations brought into Palestine. Thus, Samaria committed adultery with five husbands or gods. No wonder the poor woman 'worshipped she knew not what' (John 4:22).
- cody927 (4/2/2017 3:40:34 PM) [qBible.com]
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