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John 3:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Nicodemus answered and said unto him, How can these things be?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Nicodemus answered and said unto him, How can these things be?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Nicodemus said to Him, “How can these things be?”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Nicodemus answered and said to him, How can these things be?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Nicodemus answered and said to him, How can these things be?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Nicodemus answered, and said unto him—How, can these things, come about?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Nicodemus answered and said to him, 'How are these things able to happen?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Nicodemus answered and said to him: How can these things be done?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Nicodemus answered, and said vnto him, How can these things be?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Nikodimos answered and said to him, How can these things be?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Nicodemus answered, and said to him: How can these things be?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Nicodemus 3530
{3530} Prime
Νικόδημος
Nikodemos
{nik-od'-ay-mos}
From G3534 and G1218; victorious among his people; Nicodemus, an Israelite.
answered 611
{0611} Prime
ἀποκρίνομαι
apokrinomai
{ap-ok-ree'-nom-ahee}
From G0575 and κρινω [[krino]]; to conclude for oneself, that is, (by implication) to respond; by Hebraism (compare [H6030]) to begin to speak (where an address is expected).
z5662
<5662> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 352
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
said 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
unto him, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
How 4459
{4459} Prime
πῶς
pos
{poce}
Adverb from the base of G4226; an interrogitive particle of manner; in what way? (sometimes the question is indirect, how?); also as exclamation, how much!.
can 1410
{1410} Prime
δύναμαι
dunamai
{doo'-nam-ahee}
Of uncertain affinity; to be able or possible.
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
these things 5023
{5023} Prime
ταῦτα
tauta
{tow'-tah}
Nomitive or accusative neuter plural of G3778; these things.
be? 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5635
<5635> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 42
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

John 3:9-10

_ _ How, etc. — Though the subject still confounds Nicodemus, the necessity and possibility of the new birth is no longer the point with him, but the nature of it and how it is brought about [Luthardt]. “From this moment Nicodemus says nothing more, but has sunk unto a disciple who has found his true teacher. Therefore the Savior now graciously advances in His communications of truth, and once more solemnly brings to the mind of this teacher in Israel, now become a learner, his own not guiltless ignorance, that He may then proceed to utter, out of the fullness of His divine knowledge, such farther testimonies both of earthly and heavenly things as his docile scholar may to his own profit receive” [Stier].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 3:1-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

John 3:9

(3) Nicodemus answered and said unto him, How can these things be?

(3) The secret mystery of our regeneration which cannot be comprehended by man's capacity, is perceived by faith, and that in Christ only, because he is both God on earth, and man in heaven, that is to say, man in such a way that he is God also, and therefore almighty: and God in such a way that he is man also, and therefore his power is made manifest to us.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
How:

John 3:4 Nicodemus saith unto him, How can a man be born when he is old? can he enter the second time into his mother's womb, and be born?
John 6:52 The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying, How can this man give us [his] flesh to eat?
John 6:60 Many therefore of his disciples, when they had heard [this], said, This is an hard saying; who can hear it?
Proverbs 4:18 But the path of the just [is] as the shining light, that shineth more and more unto the perfect day.
Isaiah 42:16 And I will bring the blind by a way [that] they knew not; I will lead them in paths [that] they have not known: I will make darkness light before them, and crooked things straight. These things will I do unto them, and not forsake them.
Mark 8:24-25 And he looked up, and said, I see men as trees, walking. ... After that he put [his] hands again upon his eyes, and made him look up: and he was restored, and saw every man clearly.
Luke 1:34 Then said Mary unto the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Pv 4:18. Is 42:16. Mk 8:24. Lk 1:34. Jn 3:4; 6:52, 60.

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