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John 3:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Nicodemus saith unto him, How can a man be born when he is old? can he enter a second time into his mother's womb, and be born?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Nicodemus saith unto him, How can a man be born when he is old? can he enter the second time into his mother's womb, and be born?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Nicodemus *said to Him, “How can a man be born when he is old? He cannot enter a second time into his mother’s womb and be born, can he?”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Nicodemus saith to him, How can a man be born when he is old? can he enter the second time into his mother's womb, and be born?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Nicodemus says to him, How can a man be born being old? can he enter a second time into the womb of his mother and be born?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Nicodemus saith unto him—How, can a man be born, when he is, old? Can he, into the womb of his mother, a second time, enter, and be born?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Nicodemus saith unto him, 'How is a man able to be born, being old? is he able into the womb of his mother a second time to enter, and to be born?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Nicodemus saith to him: How can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter a second time into his mother's womb and be born again?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Nicodemus saith vnto him, How can a man be borne when he is old? Can he enter the second time into his mothers wombe, and be borne?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Nikodimos said to him, How can an old man be born? Who can again the womb of his mother the second time enter, and be born?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Nicodemus said to him: How can an old man be born? Can he enter a second time into his mother's womb and be born?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Nicodemus 3530
{3530} Prime
Νικόδημος
Nikodemos
{nik-od'-ay-mos}
From G3534 and G1218; victorious among his people; Nicodemus, an Israelite.
saith 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
unto 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
him, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
How 4459
{4459} Prime
πῶς
pos
{poce}
Adverb from the base of G4226; an interrogitive particle of manner; in what way? (sometimes the question is indirect, how?); also as exclamation, how much!.
can 1410
{1410} Prime
δύναμαι
dunamai
{doo'-nam-ahee}
Of uncertain affinity; to be able or possible.
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
a man 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
be born 1080
{1080} Prime
γεννάω
gennao
{ghen-nah'-o}
From a variation of G1085; to procreate (properly of the father, but by extension of the mother); figuratively to regenerate.
z5683
<5683> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 159
when he is 5607
{5607} Prime
ὤν
on
{oan}
The feminine, the neuter and the present participle of G1510; being.
z5752
<5752> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 186
old? 1088
{1088} Prime
γέρων
geron
{gher'-own}
Of uncertain affinity (compare G1094); aged.
can 1410
{1410} Prime
δύναμαι
dunamai
{doo'-nam-ahee}
Of uncertain affinity; to be able or possible.
y3361
[3361] Standard
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
he x3361
(3361) Complement
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
enter 1525
{1525} Prime
εἰσέρχομαι
eiserchomai
{ice-er'-khom-ahee}
From G1519 and G2064; to enter (literally or figuratively).
z5629
<5629> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 454
the second time 1208
{1208} Prime
δεύτερος
deuteros
{dyoo'-ter-os}
As the compound of G1417; (ordinal) second (in time, place or rank; also adverbially).
into 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
mother's 3384
{3384} Prime
μήτηρ
meter
{may'-tare}
Apparently a primary word; a 'mother' (literally or figuratively, immediate or remote).
womb, 2836
{2836} Prime
κοιλία
koilia
{koy-lee'-ah}
From κοῖλος [[koilos]] ('hollow'); a cavity, that is, (specifically) the abdomen; by implication the matrix; figuratively the heart.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
be born? 1080
{1080} Prime
γεννάω
gennao
{ghen-nah'-o}
From a variation of G1085; to procreate (properly of the father, but by extension of the mother); figuratively to regenerate.
z5683
<5683> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 159
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

John 3:4

_ _ How, etc. — The figure of the new birth, if it had been meant only of Gentile proselytes to the Jewish religion, would have been intelligible enough to Nicodemus, being quite in keeping with the language of that day; but that Jews themselves should need a new birth was to him incomprehensible.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 3:1-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 3:4

When he is old — As Nicodemus himself was.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

John 3:4

Nicodemus saith unto him, How (f) can a man be born when he is old? can he enter the second time into his mother's womb, and be born?

(f) How can I who am old be born again? For Nicodemus answers as if Christ's words were only addressed to himself.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
How:

John 3:3 Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.
John 4:11-12 The woman saith unto him, Sir, thou hast nothing to draw with, and the well is deep: from whence then hast thou that living water? ... Art thou greater than our father Jacob, which gave us the well, and drank thereof himself, and his children, and his cattle?
John 6:53 Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye have no life in you.
John 6:60 Many therefore of his disciples, when they had heard [this], said, This is an hard saying; who can hear it?
1 Corinthians 1:18 For the preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power of God.
1 Corinthians 2:14 But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know [them], because they are spiritually discerned.
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Jn 3:3; 4:11; 6:53, 60. 1Co 1:18; 2:14.

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