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John 3:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And this is the judgment, that the light is come into the world, and men loved the darkness rather than the light; for their works were evil.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “This is the judgment, that the Light has come into the world, and men loved the darkness rather than the Light, for their deeds were evil.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men have loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And this is the judgment, that light is come into the world, and men have loved darkness rather than light; for their works were evil.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, this, is the judgment: That, the light, hath come into the world,—and men loved, rather the darkness than the light, for, wicked, were their, works.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And this is the judgment, that the light hath come to the world, and men did love the darkness rather than the light, for their works were evil;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And this is the judgment: Because the light is come into the world and men loved darkness rather than the light: for their works were evil.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loued darknesse rather then light, because their deedes were euill.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And this is the judgment, that the light hath come into the world, and the sons of men have loved darkness rather than the light, for their deeds have been evil.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And this is the [ground of] condemnation, that light hath come into the world, and men have loved darkness rather than light, for their deeds have been evil.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
this 3778
{3778} Prime
οὗτος
houtos
{hoo'-tos}
Including the nominative masculine plural (second form), nominative feminine signular (third form), and the nominate feminine plural, (fourth form). From the article G3588 and G0846; the he (she or it), that is, this or that (often with the article repeated).
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
condemnation, 2920
{2920} Prime
κρίσις
krisis
{kree'-sis}
(Subjectively or objectively, for or against); by extension a tribunal; by implication justice (specifically divine law).
that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
light 5457
{5457} Prime
φῶς
phos
{foce}
From an obsolete φάω [[phao]] (to shine or make manifest, especially by rays; compare G5316 and G5346); luminousness (in the widest application, natural or artificial, abstract or concrete, literal or figurative).
is come 2064
{2064} Prime
ἔρχομαι
erchomai
{er'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb (used only in the present and imperfect tenses, the others being supplied by a kindred [middle voice] word, ἐλεύθομαι [[eleuthomai]], {el-yoo'-thom-ahee}; or [active] ἔλθω [[eltho]], {el'-tho}; which do not otherwise occur); to come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z5754
<5754> Grammar
Tense - Second Perfect (See G5782)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 97
into 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
world, 2889
{2889} Prime
κόσμος
kosmos
{kos'-mos}
Probably from the base of G2865; orderly arrangement, that is, decoration; by implication the world (in a wide or narrow sense, including its inhabitants, literally or figuratively [morally]).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
men 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
loved 25
{0025} Prime
ἀγαπάω
agapao
{ag-ap-ah'-o}
Perhaps from ἄγαν [[agan]] (much; or compare [H5689]); to love (in a social or moral sense).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
darkness 4655
{4655} Prime
σκότος
skotos
{skot'-os}
From the base of G4639; shadiness, that is, obscurity (literally or figuratively).
rather 3123
{3123} Prime
μᾶλλον
mallon
{mal'-lon}
Neuter of the comparative of the same as G3122; (adverb) more (in a greater degree) or rather.
than 2228
{2228} Prime

e
{ay}
A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.
light, 5457
{5457} Prime
φῶς
phos
{foce}
From an obsolete φάω [[phao]] (to shine or make manifest, especially by rays; compare G5316 and G5346); luminousness (in the widest application, natural or artificial, abstract or concrete, literal or figurative).
because 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
their 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
deeds 2041
{2041} Prime
ἔργον
ergon
{er'-gon}
From ἔργω [[ergo]] (a primary but obsolete word; to work); toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication an act.
were 2258
{2258} Prime
ἦν
en
{ane}
Imperfect of G1510; I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were).
z5713
<5713> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 532
evil. 4190
{4190} Prime
πονηρός
poneros
{pon-ay-ros'}
From a derivative of G4192; hurtful, that is, evil (properly in effect or influence, and thus differing from G2556, which refers rather to essential character, as well as from G4550, which indicates degeneracy from original virtue); figuratively calamitous; also (passively) ill, that is, diseased; but especially (morally) culpable, that is, derelict, vicious, facinorous; neuter (singular) mischief, malice, or (plural) guilt; masculine (singular) the devil, or (plural) sinners.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on John 3:17-21.


John 3:19

_ _ this is the condemnation, etc. — emphatically so, revealing the condemnation already existing, and sealing up under it those who will not be delivered from it.

_ _ light is come into the world — in the Person of Him to whom Nicodemus was listening.

_ _ loved darkness, etc. — This can only be known by the deliberate rejection of Christ, but that does fearfully reveal it.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 3:1-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 3:19

This is the condemnation — That is, the cause of it. So God is clear.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

John 3:19

(7) And this is the (r) condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil.

(7) The only reason why men refuse the light that is offered to them is wickedness.

(r) That is, the cause of condemnation, which remains in men, unless through God's great benefit they are delivered from it.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
this:

John 1:4 In him was life; and the life was the light of men.
John 1:9-11 [That] was the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world. ... He came unto his own, and his own received him not.
John 8:12 Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.
John 9:39-41 And Jesus said, For judgment I am come into this world, that they which see not might see; and that they which see might be made blind. ... Jesus said unto them, If ye were blind, ye should have no sin: but now ye say, We see; therefore your sin remaineth.
John 15:22-25 If I had not come and spoken unto them, they had not had sin: but now they have no cloke for their sin. ... But [this cometh to pass], that the word might be fulfilled that is written in their law, They hated me without a cause.
Matthew 11:20-24 Then began he to upbraid the cities wherein most of his mighty works were done, because they repented not: ... But I say unto you, That it shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom in the day of judgment, than for thee.
Luke 10:11-16 Even the very dust of your city, which cleaveth on us, we do wipe off against you: notwithstanding be ye sure of this, that the kingdom of God is come nigh unto you. ... He that heareth you heareth me; and he that despiseth you despiseth me; and he that despiseth me despiseth him that sent me.
Luke 12:47 And that servant, which knew his lord's will, and prepared not [himself], neither did according to his will, shall be beaten with many [stripes].
Romans 1:32 Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.
2 Corinthians 2:15-16 For we are unto God a sweet savour of Christ, in them that are saved, and in them that perish: ... To the one [we are] the savour of death unto death; and to the other the savour of life unto life. And who [is] sufficient for these things?
2 Thessalonians 2:12 That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.
Hebrews 3:12-13 Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God. ... But exhort one another daily, while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.

because:

John 5:44 How can ye believe, which receive honour one of another, and seek not the honour that [cometh] from God only?
John 7:17 If any man will do his will, he shall know of the doctrine, whether it be of God, or [whether] I speak of myself.
John 8:44-45 Ye are of [your] father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it. ... And because I tell [you] the truth, ye believe me not.
John 10:26-27 But ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep, as I said unto you. ... My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me:
John 12:43 For they loved the praise of men more than the praise of God.
Isaiah 30:9-12 That this [is] a rebellious people, lying children, children [that] will not hear the law of the LORD: ... Wherefore thus saith the Holy One of Israel, Because ye despise this word, and trust in oppression and perverseness, and stay thereon:
Luke 16:14 And the Pharisees also, who were covetous, heard all these things: and they derided him.
Acts 24:21-26 Except it be for this one voice, that I cried standing among them, Touching the resurrection of the dead I am called in question by you this day. ... He hoped also that money should have been given him of Paul, that he might loose him: wherefore he sent for him the oftener, and communed with him.
Romans 2:8 But unto them that are contentious, and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, indignation and wrath,
1 Peter 2:8 And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, [even to them] which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed.
2 Peter 3:3 Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Is 30:9. Mt 11:20. Lk 10:11; 12:47; 16:14. Jn 1:4, 9; 5:44; 7:17; 8:12, 44; 9:39; 10:26; 12:43; 15:22. Ac 24:21. Ro 1:32; 2:8. 2Co 2:15. 2Th 2:12. He 3:12. 1P 2:8. 2P 3:3.

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