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John 3:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth on him should not perish, but have eternal life.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For God so loved the world, that he gave his only-begotten Son, that whoever believeth in him, should not perish, but have everlasting life.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For God so loved the world, that he gave his only-begotten Son, that whosoever believes on him may not perish, but have life eternal.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For God, so loved, the world, that, his Only Begotten Son, he gave,—that, whosoever believeth on him, might not perish, but have life age-abiding.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for God did so love the world, that His Son—the only begotten—He gave, that every one who is believing in him may not perish, but may have life age-during.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son: that whosoever believeth in him may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For God so loued ye world, that he gaue his only begotten Sonne: that whosoeuer beleeueth in him, should not perish, but haue euerlasting life.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For so loved Aloha the world, as his Son, the Only-begotten, he would give, that every one who believeth in him might not perish, but have the life which is eternal.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth on him, should not perish, but should have life eternal.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
so 3779
{3779} Prime
οὕτω
houto
{hoo'-to}
From G3778; in this way (referring to what precedes or follows).
loved 25
{0025} Prime
ἀγαπάω
agapao
{ag-ap-ah'-o}
Perhaps from ἄγαν [[agan]] (much; or compare [H5689]); to love (in a social or moral sense).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
world, 2889
{2889} Prime
κόσμος
kosmos
{kos'-mos}
Probably from the base of G2865; orderly arrangement, that is, decoration; by implication the world (in a wide or narrow sense, including its inhabitants, literally or figuratively [morally]).
that 5620
{5620} Prime
ὥστε
hoste
{hoce'-teh}
From G5613 and G5037; so too, that is, thus therefore (in various relations of consecution, as shown).
he gave 1325
{1325} Prime
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
only begotten 3439
{3439} Prime
μονογενής
monogenes
{mon-og-en-ace'}
From G3441 and G1096; only born, that is, sole.
Son, 5207
{5207} Prime
υἱός
huios
{hwee-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
whosoever 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
believeth 4100
{4100} Prime
πιστεύω
pisteuo
{pist-yoo'-o}
From G4102; to have faith (in, upon, or with respect to, a person or thing), that is, credit; by implication to entrust (especially one's spiritual well being to Christ).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
in 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
him 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
should y622
[0622] Standard
ἀπόλλυμι
apollumi
{ap-ol'-loo-mee}
From G0575 and the base of G3639; to destroy fully (reflexively to perish, or lose), literally or figuratively.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
perish, 622
{0622} Prime
ἀπόλλυμι
apollumi
{ap-ol'-loo-mee}
From G0575 and the base of G3639; to destroy fully (reflexively to perish, or lose), literally or figuratively.
z5643
<5643> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 15
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
have 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5725
<5725> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 352
everlasting 166
{0166} Prime
αἰώνιος
aionios
{ahee-o'-nee-os}
From G0165; perpetual (also used of past time, or past and future as well).
life. 2222
{2222} Prime
ζωή
zoe
{dzo-ay'}
From G2198; life (literally or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on John 3:14-16.


John 3:16

_ _ For God so loved, etc. — What proclamation of the Gospel has been so oft on the lips of missionaries and preachers in every age since it was first uttered? What has sent such thrilling sensations through millions of mankind? What has been honored to bring such multitudes to the feet of Christ? What to kindle in the cold and selfish breasts of mortals the fires of self-sacrificing love to mankind, as these words of transparent simplicity, yet overpowering majesty? The picture embraces several distinct compartments: “THE WORLD” — in its widest sense — readyto perish”; the immense “LOVE OF GOD” to that perishing world, measurable only, and conceivable only, by the gift which it drew forth from Him; THE GIFT itself — “He so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son,” or, in the language of Paul, “spared not His own Son” (Romans 8:32), or in that addressed to Abraham when ready to offer Isaac on the altar, “withheld not His Son, His only Son, whom He loved” (Genesis 22:16); the FRUIT of this stupendous gift — not only deliverance from impending “perdition,” but the bestowal of everlasting life; the MODE in which all takes effect — by “believing” on the Son. How would Nicodemus’ narrow Judaism become invisible in the blaze of this Sun of righteousness seen rising on “the world” with healing in His wings! (Malachi 4:2).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 3:1-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 3:16

Yea, and this was the very design of God's love in sending him into the world. Whosoever believeth on him — With that faith which worketh by love, and hold fast the beginning of his confidence steadfast to the end. God so loved the world — That is, all men under heaven; even those that despise his love, and will for that cause finally perish. Otherwise not to believe would be no sin to them. For what should they believe? Ought they to believe that Christ was given for them? Then he was given for them. He gave his only Son — Truly and seriously. And the Son of God gave himself, Galatians 4:4, truly and seriously.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

John 3:16

(5) For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth (o) in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

(5) Nothing else but the free love of the Father is the beginning of our salvation, and Christ is he in whom our righteousness and salvation dwells: and faith is the instrument or means by which we apprehend it, and everlasting life is that which is set before us to apprehend.

(o) It is not the same to believe in a thing, and to believe about a thing, for we may not believe in anything except in God alone, but we may believe about anything whatever, says Nazianzene in his Oration of the Spirit.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
God:

Luke 2:14 Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.
Romans 5:8 But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.
2 Corinthians 5:19-21 To wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them; and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation. ... For he hath made him [to be] sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.
Titus 3:4 But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared,
1 John 4:9-10 In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him. ... Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son [to be] the propitiation for our sins.
1 John 4:19 We love him, because he first loved us.

gave:

John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.
John 1:18 No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared [him].
Genesis 22:12 And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing unto him: for now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only [son] from me.
Mark 12:6 Having yet therefore one son, his wellbeloved, he sent him also last unto them, saying, They will reverence my son.
Romans 5:10 For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life.
Romans 8:32 He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?

that whosoever:

John 3:15 That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life.
Matthew 9:13 But go ye and learn what [that] meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice: for I am not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.
1 Timothy 1:15-16 This [is] a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners; of whom I am chief. ... Howbeit for this cause I obtained mercy, that in me first Jesus Christ might shew forth all longsuffering, for a pattern to them which should hereafter believe on him to life everlasting.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 22:12. Mt 9:13. Mk 12:6. Lk 2:14. Jn 1:14, 18; 3:15. Ro 5:8, 10; 8:32. 2Co 5:19. 1Ti 1:15. Tit 3:4. 1Jn 4:9, 19.

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User-Posted Comments on John 3:16


Yes, most of the time they refer to the lost sheep of Israel, scattered abroad. Paul didn`t spread the good news to some random people, but to his brethen. Gentile should NOT even be in the Bible, it`s a latin word, but still, it means (same)race or nation, not aliens, like the universalists wants us to believe.

"'Goy' is usually translated gentile, heathen, nation, people or another, according to Strong's. The Hebrew word 'goy' is a collective noun meaning nation or sometimes a collective body of people. Actually, there is no such thing as 'a gentile' as it is always plural and never an individual person. 'Goy' has been translated 375 times in the OT as nation(s) compared to 30 times as gentile(s); less than 10% of the time, signifying that it is not the primary use of the word."

"It can be easily shown that the use of the word 'goy' (#1471) i.e. gentile and nation, are not interchangeable and in its first appearance in Genesis 10:5 we see an obvious inconsistency. It reads, "By these were the isles of the Gentiles [1471] divided in their lands; every one after his tongue, after their families in their nations [1471]." It wouldn't make much sense to say "in their Gentiles" and it would make much more sense to say "the isles of the nation". It should also be pointed out that if the word 'gentile' means a non-Jew or non-Israel, it should not appear in Scripture at this point in history, because Jacob-Israel is several generations away from being born."

"Try 'Gentile' in Gen. 17:4-5, "And thou [Abraham] shall be a father of many Gentiles [or is it nations?] for a father of many Gentiles [or is it nations?] have I made thee." 'Goy' is not necessarily Israelite nations, it just means nations. When God told Hagar that He would make her son a great nation [goy #1471], indeed Ishmael would be the progenitor of the Arab world. Exodus 34:24 has God casting out nations (goy #1471) in Israel to enlarge her borders. "Learn not the way of the heathen [nations - goy #1471]" Jer. 10:2."

"The words gentile (which is truly not even an English word), heathen and nation in the New Testament in most cases are used to represent the Greek word ἔθνος, which is primarily a nation in the sense of ethnicity. Here and elsewhere (Romans 15:9-11) it is evident that by translating ἔθνος into these various words indiscriminately, it is rather easy to create FALSE doctrines and to pervert the interpretation of the promises to Abraham and the other patriarchs."
- Paal (12/1/2013 5:49:26 AM)
I, like Paul, think that a better word such as "people", "nation", or a similar word, would have been a more sensible choice, especially in light of Matthew 15:24. Jesus said, "I was not sent except to the lost sheep of the house of Israel." Therefore, it seems (even remotely) that the "World" in John 3: 16, 17 and the "Lost Sheep" of the House of Israel, are one and the same. Furthermore, I'm wondering if the following words are possibly synonymous with "World": Gentiles, Strangers, Heathen, Foreigners, Peoples, Nations, Lost Sheep of Israel. I, too, believe that many words, lost in Greek/English mistransliteration and mistranslation, resulted in perpetual misinterpretation. Gross errors leading to false doctrine. However, I think, even at the risk of turning Christianity, as we know it, up-side down, the truth will surely be revealed. Especially in light of the steadily growing population of sincere and honest theological scholars, and Bible Students, who are accepting the Aramaic/Hebrew-English versions. We need to be aware of ancient Semitic cultural concepts, idioms, to help comprehend and make simple, the whole plan of the Great God of Israel, to reconcile all the nations of the House of Israel, descendants of Abraham. However, in innocent ignorance, it seems both contemporary Orthodox and Messianic Jews have been influenced, and for whatever reason, duped, by so-called western Christianity, and consequently, have indeed been in a "dark age", for centuries! BUT, I think we are beginning to see the Light at the end of the tunnel. At last! So be it!
- Jewel (11/30/2013 10:08:27 PM)
Society is probably a better word
- Paal (11/28/2013 6:07:56 AM)
Society is probably a better word
- Paal (11/28/2013 5:07:14 AM)
It should be nations, not the world. He only loves the Israelite Nations. And Adam was also His son. It`s pathetic how the the Bible contradicts itself over and over, because of bad translations or people with agendas. Most misused verse in the Bible
- Paal (11/27/2013 1:22:12 PM)
Nice verse.
- Jonathan (4/8/2011 3:00:57 PM)
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