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John 20:28 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Thomas answered and said to Him, “My Lord and my God!”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Thomas answered and said to him, My Lord and my God.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thomas answered and said to him, My Lord and my God.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thomas answered, and said unto him—My Lord, and my God!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Thomas answered and said to him, 'My Lord and my God;'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thomas answered and said to him: My Lord and my God.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Thomas answered, and said vnto him, My Lord, and my God.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And Thoma answered and said to him, My Lord, and my God!
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And Thomas answered, and said to him: My Lord, and my God!

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
Thomas 2381
{2381} Prime
Θωμᾶς
Thomas
{tho-mas'}
Of Chaldee origin (compare [H8380]); the twin; Thomas, a Christian.
answered 611
{0611} Prime
ἀποκρίνομαι
apokrinomai
{ap-ok-ree'-nom-ahee}
From G0575 and κρινω [[krino]]; to conclude for oneself, that is, (by implication) to respond; by Hebraism (compare [H6030]) to begin to speak (where an address is expected).
z5662
<5662> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 352
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
said 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
unto him, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
My 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
Lord 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
my 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
God. 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on John 20:26-29.


John 20:28

_ _ Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God — That Thomas did not do what Jesus invited him to do, and what he had made the condition of his believing, seems plain from John 20:29 (“Because thou hast seen Me, thou hast believed”). He is overpowered, and the glory of Christ now breaks upon him in a flood. His exclamation surpasses all that had been yet uttered, nor can it be surpassed by anything that ever will be uttered in earth or heaven. On the striking parallel in Nathanael, see on John 1:49. The Socinian invasion of the supreme divinity of Christ here manifestly taught — as if it were a mere call upon God in a fit of astonishment — is beneath notice, save for the profanity it charges upon this disciple, and the straits to which it shows themselves reduced.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 20:26-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 20:28

And Thomas said, My Lord and my God — The disciples had said, We have seen the Lord. Thomas now not only acknowledges him to be the Lord, as he had done before, and to be risen, as his fellow disciples had affirmed, but also confesses his Godhead, and that more explicitly than any other had yet done. And all this he did without putting his hand upon his side.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
My Lord:
The disbelief of the apostle is the means of furnishing us with a full and satisfactory demonstration of the resurrection of our Lord. Throughout the divine dispensations every doctrine and ever important truth is gradually revealed; and here we have a conspicuous instance of the progressive system. An angel first declares the glorious event; the empty sepulchre confirms the women's report. Christ's appearance to Mary Magdalene shewed that he was alive; that to the disciples at Emmaus proved that it was at the least the spirit of Christ; that to the eleven shewed the reality of his body; and the conviction given to Thomas proved it the self-same body that had been crucified. Incredulity itself is satisfied; and the convinced apostle exclaims, in the joy of his heart, "My Lord and my God!"
John 20:16 Jesus saith unto her, Mary. She turned herself, and saith unto him, Rabboni; which is to say, Master.
John 20:31 But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name.
John 5:23 That all [men] should honour the Son, even as they honour the Father. He that honoureth not the Son honoureth not the Father which hath sent him.
John 9:35-38 Jesus heard that they had cast him out; and when he had found him, he said unto him, Dost thou believe on the Son of God? ... And he said, Lord, I believe. And he worshipped him.
Psalms 45:6 Thy throne, O God, [is] for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom [is] a right sceptre.
Psalms 45:11 So shall the king greatly desire thy beauty: for he [is] thy Lord; and worship thou him.
Psalms 102:24-28 I said, O my God, take me not away in the midst of my days: thy years [are] throughout all generations. ... The children of thy servants shall continue, and their seed shall be established before thee.
Psalms 118:24-28 This [is] the day [which] the LORD hath made; we will rejoice and be glad in it. ... Thou [art] my God, and I will praise thee: [thou art] my God, I will exalt thee.
Isaiah 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.
Isaiah 9:6 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
Isaiah 25:9 And it shall be said in that day, Lo, this [is] our God; we have waited for him, and he will save us: this [is] the LORD; we have waited for him, we will be glad and rejoice in his salvation.
Isaiah 40:9-11 O Zion, that bringest good tidings, get thee up into the high mountain; O Jerusalem, that bringest good tidings, lift up thy voice with strength; lift [it] up, be not afraid; say unto the cities of Judah, Behold your God! ... He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry [them] in his bosom, [and] shall gently lead those that are with young.
Jeremiah 23:5-6 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. ... In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this [is] his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.
Malachi 3:1 Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts.
Matthew 14:33 Then they that were in the ship came and worshipped him, saying, Of a truth thou art the Son of God.
Luke 24:52 And they worshipped him, and returned to Jerusalem with great joy:
Acts 7:59-60 And they stoned Stephen, calling upon [God], and saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit. ... And he kneeled down, and cried with a loud voice, Lord, lay not this sin to their charge. And when he had said this, he fell asleep.
1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.
Revelation 5:9-14 And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation; ... And the four beasts said, Amen. And the four [and] twenty elders fell down and worshipped him that liveth for ever and ever.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 45:6, 11; 102:24; 118:24. Is 7:14; 9:6; 25:9; 40:9. Jr 23:5. Mal 3:1. Mt 14:33. Lk 24:52. Jn 5:23; 9:35; 20:16, 31. Ac 7:59. 1Ti 3:16. Rv 5:9.

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This Statement by Thomas the Apostle of Jesus (YAHOSHUA) is an ASTOUNDING ONE ! ! ! It points to The Question of Questions that CHRIST ask his Apostles, WHOM DO MEN SAY THAT I THE SON OF MAN AM ?? (Matthew 16:13).
Deuteronomy 6:4 says "Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD", this statement of Truth (Monotheism)was the Very Touchstone of The Law of Moses.
Consider the statement of CHRIST in John 8:24. "ye shall die in your sins: for if ye believe not that I Am (he) , ye shall die in your sins". The word (he) is not in the Original Greek. CHRIST is claiming to be THE I AM (ego eimi = eternally exist), of Exodus 3:14, "I AM THAT I AM".
Now for an Orthodox Jewish believer in The Law of Moses, this statement made by CHRIST demanded his death.
NOW THE QUESTION OF QUESTIONS COMES INTO FOCUS, WHOM DO MEN SAY I THE SON OF MAN AM ???
The Apostle Thomas (A Jew who believed in The Law of Moses, confesses his true belief "My LORD and My GOD"
Read and believe the message of The Gospel of John and The Truth of THE VERY WORD OF THE FATHER WILL SHINE INTO YOUR HEART. AMEN ! ! !
- Chuck (2/28/2016 8:57:22 AM)
Great verse when talking to JWs. Earlier Jesus says the Father is our God, but does not rebuke or correct Thomas' statement. Rather he confirms it.
- Patrick (7/30/2011 6:18:19 PM) [qBible.com]
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