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John 20:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Spirit:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And when he had said this, he breathed on [them], and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And when He had said this, He breathed on them and *said to them, “Receive the Holy Spirit.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And when he had said this, he breathed on [them], and saith to them, Receive ye the Holy Spirit.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And having said this, he breathed into [them], and says to them, Receive [the] Holy Spirit:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, this, saying, he breathed strongly, and saith unto them—Receive ye Holy Spirit:—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and this having said, he breathed on [them], and saith to them, 'Receive the Holy Spirit;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— When he had said this, he breathed on them; and he said to them: Receive ye the Holy Ghost.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And when he had said this, hee breathed on them, and saith vnto them, Receiue ye the holy Ghost.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And when he had said these, he breathed on them, and said to them, Receive the Spirit of Holiness:
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And as he said these things, he breathed on them, and said to them: Receive ye the Holy Spirit.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
when he had said 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
this, 5124
{5124} Prime
τοῦτο
touto
{too'-to}
Neuter, singular, nomitive or accusative of G3778; that thing.
he breathed on 1720
{1720} Prime
ἐμφυσάω
emphusao
{em-foo-sah'-o}
From G1722 and φυσάω [[phusao]] (to puff; compare G5453); to blow at or on.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
[them], and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
saith 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
unto them, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Receive x2983
(2983) Complement
λαμβάνω
lambano
{lam-ban'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary verb, which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses; to take (in very many applications, literally and figuratively [probably objective or active, to get hold of; whereas G1209 is rather subjective or passive, to have offered to one; while G0138 is more violent, to seize or remove]).
ye y2983
[2983] Standard
λαμβάνω
lambano
{lam-ban'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary verb, which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses; to take (in very many applications, literally and figuratively [probably objective or active, to get hold of; whereas G1209 is rather subjective or passive, to have offered to one; while G0138 is more violent, to seize or remove]).
z5628
<5628> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 459
the Holy 40
{0040} Prime
ἅγιος
hagios
{hag'-ee-os}
From ἅγος [[hagos]] (an awful thing) compare G0053, [H2282]; sacred (physically pure, morally blameless or religious, ceremonially consecrated).
Ghost: 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

John 20:22

_ _ he breathed on them — a symbolical conveyance to them of the Spirit.

_ _ and saith, Receive ye the Holy Ghost — an earnest and first-fruits of the more copious Pentecostal effusion.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 20:19-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 20:22

He breathed on them — New life and vigour, and saith, as ye receive this breath out of my mouth, so receive ye the Spirit out of my fulness: the Holy Ghost influencing you in a peculiar manner, to fit you for your great embassy. This was an earnest of pentecost.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he breathed:

Genesis 2:7 And the LORD God formed man [of] the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.
Job 33:4 The Spirit of God hath made me, and the breath of the Almighty hath given me life.
Psalms 33:6 By the word of the LORD were the heavens made; and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth.
Ezekiel 37:9 Then said he unto me, Prophesy unto the wind, prophesy, son of man, and say to the wind, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe upon these slain, that they may live.

Receive:

John 14:16 And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever;
John 15:26 But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, [even] the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me:
John 16:7 Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you.
Acts 2:4 And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.
Acts 2:38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
Acts 4:8 Then Peter, filled with the Holy Ghost, said unto them, Ye rulers of the people, and elders of Israel,
Acts 8:15 Who, when they were come down, prayed for them, that they might receive the Holy Ghost:
Acts 10:47 Can any man forbid water, that these should not be baptized, which have received the Holy Ghost as well as we?
Acts 19:2 He said unto them, Have ye received the Holy Ghost since ye believed? And they said unto him, We have not so much as heard whether there be any Holy Ghost.
Galatians 3:2 This only would I learn of you, Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 2:7. Jb 33:4. Ps 33:6. Ezk 37:9. Jn 14:16; 15:26; 16:7. Ac 2:4, 38; 4:8; 8:15; 10:47; 19:2. Ga 3:2.

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