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John 2:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The Jews therefore answered and said unto him, What sign showest thou unto us, seeing that thou doest these things?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then answered the Jews and said unto him, What sign shewest thou unto us, seeing that thou doest these things?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The Jews then said to Him, “What sign do You show us as your authority for doing these things?”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then answered the Jews, and said to him, What sign showest thou to us, seeing that thou doest these things?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The Jews therefore answered and said to him, What sign shewest thou to us, that thou doest these things?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The Jews therefore answered, and said unto him, What sign, dost thou point out to us, in that, these things, thou doest?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— the Jews then answered and said to him, 'What sign dost thou shew to us—that thou dost these things?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The Jews, therefore, answered, and said to him: What sign dost thou shew unto us, seeing thou dost these things?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then answered the Iewes, and said vnto him, What signe shewest thou vnto vs, seeing that thou doest these things?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— The Jihudoyee answered and said to him, What sign showest thou to us, as these things thou doest?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But the Jews replied, and said to him: What sign showest thou to us, since thou doest these things?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then 3767
{3767} Prime
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
answered 611
{0611} Prime
ἀποκρίνομαι
apokrinomai
{ap-ok-ree'-nom-ahee}
From G0575 and κρινω [[krino]]; to conclude for oneself, that is, (by implication) to respond; by Hebraism (compare [H6030]) to begin to speak (where an address is expected).
z5662
<5662> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 352
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Jews 2453
{2453} Prime
Ἰουδαῖος
Ioudaios
{ee-oo-dah'-yos}
From G2448 (in the sense of G2455 as a country); Judaean, that is, belonging to Jehudah.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
said 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
unto him, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
What 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
sign 4592
{4592} Prime
σημεῖον
semeion
{say-mi'-on}
Neuter of a presumed derivative of the base of G4591; an indication, especially ceremonially or supernaturally.
shewest x1166
(1166) Complement
δείκνυω
deiknuo
{dike-noo'-o}
A prolonged form of an obsolete primary of the same meaning; to show (literally or figuratively).
thou y1166
[1166] Standard
δείκνυω
deiknuo
{dike-noo'-o}
A prolonged form of an obsolete primary of the same meaning; to show (literally or figuratively).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
unto us, 2254
{2254} Prime
ἡμῖν
hemin
{hay-meen'}
Dative plural of G1473; to (or for, with, by) us.
seeing that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
thou doest 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
these things? 5023
{5023} Prime
ταῦτα
tauta
{tow'-tah}
Nomitive or accusative neuter plural of G3778; these things.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

John 2:18-22

_ _ What sign showest thou unto us, seeing that thou doest these things? — Though the act and the words of Christ, taken together, were sign enough, they were unconvinced: yet they were awed, and though at His very next appearance at Jerusalem they “sought to kill Him” for speaking of “His Father” just as He did now (John 5:18), they, at this early stage, only ask a sign.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 2:12-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 2:18

Then answered the Jews — Either some of those whom he had just driven out, or their friends: What sign showest thou? — So they require a miracle, to confirm a miracle!

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

John 2:18

(5) Then answered the Jews and said unto him, What (h) sign shewest thou unto us, seeing that thou doest these things?

(5) Against those who so bind God to an ordinary calling, which they themselves most shamefully abuse, that they will not admit of an extraordinary calling, which God confirms from heaven (and they would have it extinguished, although in vain) unless it is sealed with outward and bodily miracles.

(h) With what miracle do you confirm it, that we may see the heavenly power and strength which gives you authority to speak and to act in this manner?

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
What:

John 6:30 They said therefore unto him, What sign shewest thou then, that we may see, and believe thee? what dost thou work?
Matthew 12:38-42 Then certain of the scribes and of the Pharisees answered, saying, Master, we would see a sign from thee. ... The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: for she came from the uttermost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon [is] here.
Matthew 16:1-4 The Pharisees also with the Sadducees came, and tempting desired him that he would shew them a sign from heaven. ... A wicked and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given unto it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas. And he left them, and departed.
Mark 8:11 And the Pharisees came forth, and began to question with him, seeking of him a sign from heaven, tempting him.
Luke 11:29 And when the people were gathered thick together, he began to say, This is an evil generation: they seek a sign; and there shall no sign be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet.

seeing:

John 1:25 And they asked him, and said unto him, Why baptizest thou then, if thou be not that Christ, nor Elias, neither that prophet?
Matthew 21:23 And when he was come into the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people came unto him as he was teaching, and said, By what authority doest thou these things? and who gave thee this authority?
Mark 11:27-28 And they come again to Jerusalem: and as he was walking in the temple, there come to him the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders, ... And say unto him, By what authority doest thou these things? and who gave thee this authority to do these things?
Luke 20:1-2 And it came to pass, [that] on one of those days, as he taught the people in the temple, and preached the gospel, the chief priests and the scribes came upon [him] with the elders, ... And spake unto him, saying, Tell us, by what authority doest thou these things? or who is he that gave thee this authority?
Acts 4:7 And when they had set them in the midst, they asked, By what power, or by what name, have ye done this?
Acts 5:28 Saying, Did not we straitly command you that ye should not teach in this name? and, behold, ye have filled Jerusalem with your doctrine, and intend to bring this man's blood upon us.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Mt 12:38; 16:1; 21:23. Mk 8:11; 11:27. Lk 11:29; 20:1. Jn 1:25; 6:30. Ac 4:7; 5:28.

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