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John 2:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and saith unto him, Every man setteth on first the good wine; and when [men] have drunk freely, [then] that which is worse: thou hast kept the good wine until now.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And saith unto him, Every man at the beginning doth set forth good wine; and when men have well drunk, then that which is worse: [but] thou hast kept the good wine until now.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and *said to him, “Every man serves the good wine first, and when [the people] have drunk freely, [then he serves] the poorer [wine; but] you have kept the good wine until now.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And saith to him, Every man at the beginning presenteth good wine; and when men have well drank, then that which is worse: [but] thou hast kept the good wine until now.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and says to him, Every man sets on first the good wine, and when [men] have well drunk, then the inferior; thou hast kept the good wine till now.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and saith unto him—Every man, first the good wine, setteth out; and, when they had been well-supplied, the inferior:—Thou, hast kept the good wine until, even now.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and saith to him, 'Every man, at first, the good wine doth set forth; and when they may have drunk freely, then the inferior; thou didst keep the good wine till now.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And saith to him: Every man at first setteth forth good wine, and when men have well drunk, then that which is worse. But thou hast kept the good wine until now.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And saith vnto him, Euery man at the beginning doth set foorth good wine, and when men haue well drunke, then that which is worse: but thou hast kept the good wine vntill now.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and said to him, Every man at first the good wine produceth, and when they are satisfied, then that which is inferior; but thou hast kept the good wine until now.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and said to him: Every man first bringeth forward the good wine, and when they are satiated, then that which is inferior; but thou hast kept the good wine till now.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
saith 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
unto him, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Every 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
man 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
at the beginning 4412
{4412} Prime
πρῶτον
proton
{pro'-ton}
Neuter of G4413 as an adverb (with or without G3588); firstly (in time, place, order, or importance).
doth set forth 5087
{5087} Prime
τίθημι
tithemi
{tith'-ay-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary word θέω [[theo]], {theh'-o} (which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses); to place (in the widest application, literally and figuratively; properly in a passive or horizontal posture, and thus different from G2476, which properly denotes an upright and active position, while G2749 is properly reflexive and utterly prostrate).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
good 2570
{2570} Prime
καλός
kalos
{kal-os'}
Of uncertain affinity; properly beautiful, but chiefly (figuratively) good (literally or morally), that is, valuable or virtuous (for appearance or use, and thus distinguished from G0018, which is properly intrinsic).
wine; 3631
{3631} Prime
οἶνος
oinos
{oy'-nos}
A primary word (or perhaps of Hebrew origin [H3196]); 'wine' (literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
when 3752
{3752} Prime
ὅταν
hotan
{hot'-an}
From G3753 and G0302; whenever (implying hypothesis or more or less uncertainty); also causative (conjugationally) inasmuch as.
men have well drunk, 3184
{3184} Prime
μεθύω
methuo
{meth-oo'-o}
From another form of G3178; to drink to intoxication, that is, get drunk.
z5686
<5686> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 219
then 5119
{5119} Prime
τότε
tote
{tot'-eh}
From (the neuter of) G3588 and G3753; the when, that is, at the time that (of the past or future, also in consecution).
that which is worse: 1640
{1640} Prime
ἐλάσσων
elasson
{el-as'-sone}
Comparative of the same as G1646; smaller (in size, quantity, age or quality).
[but] thou 4771
{4771} Prime
σύ
su
{soo}
The personal pronoun of the second person singular; thou.
hast kept 5083
{5083} Prime
τηρέω
tereo
{tay-reh'-o}
From τηρός [[teros]] (a watch; perhaps akin to G2334); to guard (from loss or injury, properly by keeping the eye upon; and thus differing from G5442, which is properly to prevent escaping; and from G2892, which implies a fortress or full military lines of apparatus), that is, to note (a prophecy; figuratively to fulfil a command); by implication to detain (in custody; figuratively to maintain); by extension to withhold (for personal ends; figuratively to keep unmarried).
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
good 2570
{2570} Prime
καλός
kalos
{kal-os'}
Of uncertain affinity; properly beautiful, but chiefly (figuratively) good (literally or morally), that is, valuable or virtuous (for appearance or use, and thus distinguished from G0018, which is properly intrinsic).
wine 3631
{3631} Prime
οἶνος
oinos
{oy'-nos}
A primary word (or perhaps of Hebrew origin [H3196]); 'wine' (literally or figuratively).
until 2193
{2193} Prime
ἕως
heos
{heh'-oce}
Of uncertain affinity; a conjugation, preposition and adverb of continuance, until (of time and place).
now. 737
{0737} Prime
ἄρτι
arti
{ar'-tee}
Adverb from a derivative of G0142 (compare G0740) through the idea of suspension; just now.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on John 2:9-10.


John 2:10

_ _ the good wine ... until now — thus testifying, while ignorant of the source of supply, not only that it was real wine, but better than any at the feast.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 2:1-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 2:10

And saith — St. John barely relates the words he spoke, which does not imply his approving them. When they have well drunk — does not mean any more than toward the close of the entertainment.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

John 2:10

And saith unto him, Every man at the beginning doth set forth good wine; and when men have (e) well drunk, then that which is worse: [but] thou hast kept the good wine until now.

(e) Literally, "are drunken". Now this saying, to be drunken, does not always refer to being drunk in the evil sense in the Hebrew language, but sometimes signifies an abundant and plentiful use of wine, which is nonetheless a measured amount, as in (Genesis 43:34).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
and when:

Genesis 43:34 And he took [and sent] messes unto them from before him: but Benjamin's mess was five times so much as any of theirs. And they drank, and were merry with him.
Song of Songs 5:1 I am come into my garden, my sister, [my] spouse: I have gathered my myrrh with my spice; I have eaten my honeycomb with my honey; I have drunk my wine with my milk: eat, O friends; drink, yea, drink abundantly, O beloved.

but:

Psalms 104:15 And wine [that] maketh glad the heart of man, [and] oil to make [his] face to shine, and bread [which] strengtheneth man's heart.
Proverbs 9:1-6 Wisdom hath builded her house, she hath hewn out her seven pillars: ... Forsake the foolish, and live; and go in the way of understanding.
Proverbs 9:16-18 Whoso [is] simple, let him turn in hither: and [as for] him that wanteth understanding, she saith to him, ... But he knoweth not that the dead [are] there; [and that] her guests [are] in the depths of hell.
Luke 16:25 But Abraham said, Son, remember that thou in thy lifetime receivedst thy good things, and likewise Lazarus evil things: but now he is comforted, and thou art tormented.
Revelation 7:16-17 They shall hunger no more, neither thirst any more; neither shall the sun light on them, nor any heat. ... For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them unto living fountains of waters: and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes.
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Gn 43:34. Ps 104:15. Pv 9:1, 16. So 5:1. Lk 16:25. Rv 7:16.

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