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John 19:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and he entered into the Praetorium again, and saith unto Jesus, Whence art thou? But Jesus gave him no answer.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And went again into the judgment hall, and saith unto Jesus, Whence art thou? But Jesus gave him no answer.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and he entered into the Praetorium again and *said to Jesus, “Where are You from?” But Jesus gave him no answer.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And went again into the judgment-hall, and saith to Jesus, Whence art thou? But Jesus gave him no answer.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and went into the praetorium again and says to Jesus, Whence art thou? But Jesus gave him no answer.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and entered into the judgment-hall again, and saith unto Jesus—Whence, art, thou? But, Jesus, gave him no, answer.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and entered again to the praetorium, and saith to Jesus, 'Whence art thou?' and Jesus gave him no answer.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he entered into the hall again; and he said to Jesus: Whence art thou? But Jesus gave him no answer.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And went againe into the iudgement hall, & saith vnto Iesus, Whence art thou? But Iesus gaue him no answere.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And he entered again the praetorium, and said to Jeshu, Whence art thou? But Jeshu gave him no answer.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And he went again into the Praetorium; and he said to Jesus: Whence art thou? And Jesus gave him no answer.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
went 1525
{1525} Prime
εἰσέρχομαι
eiserchomai
{ice-er'-khom-ahee}
From G1519 and G2064; to enter (literally or figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
again 3825
{3825} Prime
πάλιν
palin
{pal'-in}
Probably from the same as G3823 (through the idea of oscillatory repetition); (adverbially) anew, that is, (of place) back, (of time) once more, or (conjugationally) furthermore or on the other hand.
into 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
judgment hall, 4232
{4232} Prime
πραιτώριον
praitorion
{prahee-to'-ree-on}
Of Latin origin; the praetorium or governor's court room (sometimes including the whole edifice and camp).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
saith 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
unto Jesus, 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
Whence 4159
{4159} Prime
πόθεν
pothen
{poth'-en}
From the base of G4213 with enclitic adverb of origin; from which (as interrogitive) or what (as relative) place, state, source or cause.
art 1488
{1488} Prime
εῖ
ei
{i}
Second parson singular present of G1510; thou art.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
thou? 4771
{4771} Prime
σύ
su
{soo}
The personal pronoun of the second person singular; thou.
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
gave 1325
{1325} Prime
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
him 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
no 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
answer. 612
{0612} Prime
ἀπόκρισις
apokrisis
{ap-ok'-ree-sis}
From G0611; a response.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on John 19:8-11.


John 19:9

_ _ and went again into the judgment hall, and saith to Jesus, Whence art thou? — beyond all doubt a question relating not to His mission but to His personal origin.

_ _ Jesus gave him no answer — He had said enough; the time for answering such a question was past; the weak and wavering governor is already on the point of giving way.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 19:1-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 19:9

Whence art thou? — That is, whose son art thou?

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Whence:

John 8:14 Jesus answered and said unto them, Though I bear record of myself, [yet] my record is true: for I know whence I came, and whither I go; but ye cannot tell whence I come, and whither I go.
John 9:29-30 We know that God spake unto Moses: [as for] this [fellow], we know not from whence he is. ... The man answered and said unto them, Why herein is a marvellous thing, that ye know not from whence he is, and [yet] he hath opened mine eyes.
Judges 13:6 Then the woman came and told her husband, saying, A man of God came unto me, and his countenance [was] like the countenance of an angel of God, very terrible: but I asked him not whence he [was], neither told he me his name:

But:

Psalms 38:13-15 But I, as a deaf [man], heard not; and [I was] as a dumb man [that] openeth not his mouth. ... For in thee, O LORD, do I hope: thou wilt hear, O Lord my God.
Isaiah 53:7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.
Matthew 27:12-14 And when he was accused of the chief priests and elders, he answered nothing. ... And he answered him to never a word; insomuch that the governor marvelled greatly.
Mark 15:3-5 And the chief priests accused him of many things: but he answered nothing. ... But Jesus yet answered nothing; so that Pilate marvelled.
Acts 8:32-33 The place of the scripture which he read was this, He was led as a sheep to the slaughter; and like a lamb dumb before his shearer, so opened he not his mouth: ... In his humiliation his judgment was taken away: and who shall declare his generation? for his life is taken from the earth.
Philippians 1:28 And in nothing terrified by your adversaries: which is to them an evident token of perdition, but to you of salvation, and that of God.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jg 13:6. Ps 38:13. Is 53:7. Mt 27:12. Mk 15:3. Jn 8:14; 9:29. Ac 8:32. Php 1:28.

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