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John 19:39 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And there came also Nicodemus, he who at the first came to him by night, bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And there came also Nicodemus, which at the first came to Jesus by night, and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about an hundred pound [weight].
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Nicodemus, who had first come to Him by night, also came, bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds [weight].
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And there came also Nicodemus (who at the first came to Jesus by night) and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pound [weight].
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Nicodemus also, who at first came to Jesus by night, came, bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds [weight].
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— There came, moreover, Nicodemus also,—he that came unto him by night at the first,—bearing a roll of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds' weight.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and Nicodemus also came—who came unto Jesus by night at the first—bearing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, as it were, a hundred pounds.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Nicodemus also came (he who at the first came to Jesus by night), bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about an hundred pound weight.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And there came also Nicodemus, which at the first came to Iesus by night, and brought a mixture of myrrhe and aloes, about an hundred pound [weight].
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And Nikodimos also came, he who at first had come to Jeshu by night, and he brought with him a condiment of myrrh and aloes, as a hundred lithreen.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And there came also Nicodemus, (he who previously came to Jesus by night,) and he brought with him a compound of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
there came 2064
{2064} Prime
ἔρχομαι
erchomai
{er'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb (used only in the present and imperfect tenses, the others being supplied by a kindred [middle voice] word, ἐλεύθομαι [[eleuthomai]], {el-yoo'-thom-ahee}; or [active] ἔλθω [[eltho]], {el'-tho}; which do not otherwise occur); to come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
Nicodemus, 3530
{3530} Prime
Νικόδημος
Nikodemos
{nik-od'-ay-mos}
From G3534 and G1218; victorious among his people; Nicodemus, an Israelite.
which y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
at the first y4412
[4412] Standard
πρῶτον
proton
{pro'-ton}
Neuter of G4413 as an adverb (with or without G3588); firstly (in time, place, order, or importance).
came 2064
{2064} Prime
ἔρχομαι
erchomai
{er'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb (used only in the present and imperfect tenses, the others being supplied by a kindred [middle voice] word, ἐλεύθομαι [[eleuthomai]], {el-yoo'-thom-ahee}; or [active] ἔλθω [[eltho]], {el'-tho}; which do not otherwise occur); to come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
x4412
(4412) Complement
πρῶτον
proton
{pro'-ton}
Neuter of G4413 as an adverb (with or without G3588); firstly (in time, place, order, or importance).
to 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
by night, 3571
{3571} Prime
νύξ
nux
{noox}
A primary word; 'night' (literally or figuratively).
and brought 5342
{5342} Prime
φέρω
phero
{fer'-o}
A primary verb (for which other and apparently not cognate ones are used in certain tenses only; namely οἴω [[oio]], {oy'-o}; and ἐνέγκω [[enegko]], {en-eng'-ko}); to 'bear' or carry (in a very wide application, literally and figuratively.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
a mixture 3395
{3395} Prime
μίγμα
migma
{mig'-mah}
From G3396; a compound.
of myrrh 4666
{4666} Prime
Σμύρνα
smurna
{smoor'-nah}
Apparently strengthened for G3464; myrrh.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
aloes, 250
{0250} Prime
ἀλόη
aloe
{al-o-ay'}
Of foreign origin (compare [H0174]); aloes (the gum).
about 5616
{5616} Prime
ὡσεί
hosei
{ho-si'}
From G5613 and G1487; as if.
an hundred 1540
{1540} Prime
ἑκατόν
hekaton
{hek-at-on'}
Of uncertain affinity; a hundred.
pound 3046
{3046} Prime
λίτρα
litra
{lee'-trah}
Of Latin origin (libra); a pound in weight.
[weight].
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on John 19:38-40.


John 19:39

_ _ also Nicodemus, which at the first came to Jesus by night — “This remark corresponds to the secrecy of Joseph’s discipleship, just noticed, and calls attention to the similarity of their previous character and conduct, and the remarkable change which had now taken place” [Webster and Wilkinson].

_ _ brought ... myrrh and aloes, about an hundred pounds weight — an immense quantity, betokening the greatness of their love, but part of it probably intended as a layer for the spot on which the body was to lie. (See 2 Chronicles 16:14) [Meyer].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 19:38-42.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Nicodemus:

John 3:1-21 There was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews: ... But he that doeth truth cometh to the light, that his deeds may be made manifest, that they are wrought in God.
John 7:50-52 Nicodemus saith unto them, (he that came to Jesus by night, being one of them,) ... They answered and said unto him, Art thou also of Galilee? Search, and look: for out of Galilee ariseth no prophet.
Matthew 12:20 A bruised reed shall he not break, and smoking flax shall he not quench, till he send forth judgment unto victory.
Matthew 19:30 But many [that are] first shall be last; and the last [shall be] first.

a:

John 12:7 Then said Jesus, Let her alone: against the day of my burying hath she kept this.
2 Chronicles 16:14 And they buried him in his own sepulchres, which he had made for himself in the city of David, and laid him in the bed which was filled with sweet odours and divers kinds [of spices] prepared by the apothecaries' art: and they made a very great burning for him.
Song of Songs 4:6 Until the day break, and the shadows flee away, I will get me to the mountain of myrrh, and to the hill of frankincense.
Song of Songs 4:14 Spikenard and saffron; calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense; myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices:
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2Ch 16:14. So 4:6, 14. Mt 12:20; 19:30. Jn 3:1; 7:50; 12:7.

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