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John 19:37 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they pierced.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they pierced.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And again another Scripture says, “THEY SHALL LOOK ON HIM WHOM THEY PIERCED.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they pierced.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And again another scripture says, They shall look on him whom they pierced.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and, again, a different Scripture, saith—They shall look unto him whom they pierced.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and again another Writing saith, 'They shall look to him whom they did pierce.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And again another scripture saith: They shall look on him whom they pierced.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And againe another Scripture saith, They shall looke on him whom they piersed.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And again another scripture which said, They shall look upon him whom they pierced.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And again another scripture, which saith: They will look on him, whom they pierced.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
again 3825
{3825} Prime
πάλιν
palin
{pal'-in}
Probably from the same as G3823 (through the idea of oscillatory repetition); (adverbially) anew, that is, (of place) back, (of time) once more, or (conjugationally) furthermore or on the other hand.
another 2087
{2087} Prime
ἕτερος
heteros
{het'-er-os}
Of uncertain affinity; (an-, the) other or different.
scripture 1124
{1124} Prime
γραφή
graphe
{graf-ay'}
From G1125; a document, that is, holy Writ (or its contents or a statement in it).
saith, 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
They shall look 3700
{3700} Prime
ὀπτάνομαι
optanomai
{op-tan'-om-ahee}
The first a (middle voice) prolonged form of the second (primary) which is used for it in certain tenses; and both as alternates of G3708; to gaze (that is, with wide open eyes, as at something remarkable; and thus differing from G0991, which denotes simply voluntary observation; and from G1492, which expresses merely mechanical, passive or casual vision; while G2300, and still more emphatically its intensive G2334, signifies an earnest but more continued inspection; and G4648 a watching from a distance).
z5695
<5695> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
on 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
him whom 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
they pierced. 1574
{1574} Prime
ἐκκεντέω
ekkenteo
{ek-ken-teh'-o}
From G1537 and the base of G2759; to transfix.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on John 19:31-37.


John 19:37

_ _ And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they pierced — The quotation is from Zechariah 12:10; not taken as usual from the Septuagint (the current Greek version), which here is all wrong, but direct from the Hebrew. And there is a remarkable nicety in the choice of the words employed both by the prophet and the Evangelist for “piercing.” The word in Zechariah means to thrust through with spear, javelin, sword, or any such weapon. In that sense it is used in all the ten places, besides this, where it is found. How suitable this was to express the action of the Roman soldier, is manifest; and our Evangelist uses the exactly corresponding word, which the Septuagint certainly does not. Very different is the other word for “pierce” in Psalms 22:16, “They pierced my hands and my feet.” The word there used is one signifying to bore as with an awl or hammer. How striking are these small niceties!

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 19:31-37.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 19:37

They shall look on him whom they have pierced — He was pierced by the soldier's spear. They who have occasioned his sufferings by their sins (and who has not?) shall either look upon him in this world with penitential sorrow: or with terror, when he cometh in the clouds of heaven, Revelation 1:7. Zechariah 12:10.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
They:

Psalms 22:16-17 For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet. ... I may tell all my bones: they look [and] stare upon me.
Zechariah 12:10 And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for [his] only [son], and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for [his] firstborn.
Revelation 1:7 Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they [also] which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. Even so, Amen.
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Ps 22:16. Zc 12:10. Rv 1:7.

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