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John 19:34 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— howbeit one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and straightway there came out blood and water.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came out blood and water.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— but one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and immediately there came out blood and water.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— but, one of the soldiers, with a spear, pierced, his side, and there came out, straightway, blood and water.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— but one of the soldiers with a spear did pierce his side, and immediately there came forth blood and water;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But one of the soldiers with a spear opened his side: and immediately there came out blood and water.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But one of the souldiers with a speare pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But one of the soldiers struck him in his side with the lance, and forthwith there came out blood and water.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But one of the soldiers thrust a spear into his side; and immediately there issued out blood and water.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
one 1520
{1520} Prime
εἷς
heis
{hice}
(Including the neuter [etc.] ἕν [[hen]]); a primary numeral; one.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
soldiers 4757
{4757} Prime
στρατιώτης
stratiotes
{strat-ee-o'-tace}
From a presumed derivative of the same as G4756; a camperout, that is, a (common) warrior (literally or figuratively).
with a spear 3057
{3057} Prime
λόγχη
logche
{long'-khay}
Perhaps a primary word; a 'lance'.
pierced 3572
{3572} Prime
νύσσω
nusso
{noos'-so}
Apparently a primary word; to prick ('nudge').
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
his 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
side, 4125
{4125} Prime
πλευρά
pleura
{plyoo-rah'}
Of uncertain affinity; a rib, that is, (by extension) side.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
forthwith 2117
{2117} Prime
εὐθύς
euthus
{yoo-thoos'}
Perhaps from G2095 and G5087; straight, that is, (literally) level, or (figuratively) true; adverbially (of time) at once.
came there out 1831
{1831} Prime
ἐξέρχομαι
exerchomai
{ex-er'-khom-ahee}
From G1537 and G2064; to issue (literally or figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
blood 129
{0129} Prime
αἷμα
haima
{hah'-ee-mah}
Of uncertain derivation; blood, literally (of men or animals), figuratively (the juice of grapes) or specifically (the atoning blood of Christ); by implication bloodshed, also kindred.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
water. 5204
{5204} Prime
ὕδωρ
hudor
{hoo'-dore}
From the base of G5205; water (as if rainy) literally or figuratively.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on John 19:31-37.


John 19:34

_ _ But one of the soldiers — to make assurance of the fact doubly sure.

_ _ with a spear pierced his side — making a wound deep and wide, as indeed is plain from John 20:27, John 20:29. Had life still remained, it must have fled now.

_ _ and forthwith came thereout blood and water — “It is now well known that the effect of long-continued and intense agony is frequently to produce a secretion of a colorless lymph within the pericardium (the membrane enveloping the heart), amounting in many cases to a very considerable quantity” [Webster and Wilkinson].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 19:31-37.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 19:34

Forthwith there came out blood and water — It was strange, seeing he was dead, that blood should come out; more strange, that water also; and most strange of all, that both should come out immediately, at one time, and yet distinctly. It was pure and true water, as well as pure and true blood. The asseveration of the beholder and testifier of it, shows both the truth and greatness of the miracle and mystery.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

John 19:34

(11) But one of the soldiers with a spear (d) pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.

(11) Christ, being dead upon the cross, witnesses by a double sign that he alone is the true satisfaction, and the true washing for the believers.

(d) This wound was a most manifest witness of the death of Christ: for the water that issued out by this wound shows us plainly that the weapon pierced the very skin that encompasses the heart, and this skin is the vessel that contains the water; and once that is wounded, the creature which is so pierced and stricken has no choice but to die.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
came:

John 13:8-10 Peter saith unto him, Thou shalt never wash my feet. Jesus answered him, If I wash thee not, thou hast no part with me. ... Jesus saith to him, He that is washed needeth not save to wash [his] feet, but is clean every whit: and ye are clean, but not all.
Psalms 51:7 Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean: wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow.
Ezekiel 36:25 Then will I sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye shall be clean: from all your filthiness, and from all your idols, will I cleanse you.
Zechariah 13:1 In that day there shall be a fountain opened to the house of David and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem for sin and for uncleanness.
Matthew 27:62 Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate,
Acts 22:16 And now why tarriest thou? arise, and be baptized, and wash away thy sins, calling on the name of the Lord.
1 Corinthians 1:30 But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption:
1 Corinthians 6:11 And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.
Ephesians 5:26 That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word,
Titus 2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.
Titus 3:5-7 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost; ... That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.
Hebrews 9:13 For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh:
Hebrews 9:22 And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission.
Hebrews 10:19-22 Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus, ... Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water.
1 Peter 3:21 The like figure whereunto [even] baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ:
1 John 1:6-9 If we say that we have fellowship with him, and walk in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth: ... If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us [our] sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.
1 John 5:6 This is he that came by water and blood, [even] Jesus Christ; not by water only, but by water and blood. And it is the Spirit that beareth witness, because the Spirit is truth.
1 John 5:8 And there are three that bear witness in earth, the Spirit, and the water, and the blood: and these three agree in one.
Revelation 1:5 And from Jesus Christ, [who is] the faithful witness, [and] the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood,
Revelation 7:14 And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 51:7. Ezk 36:25. Zc 13:1. Mt 27:62. Jn 13:8. Ac 22:16. 1Co 1:30; 6:11. Ep 5:26. Tit 2:14; 3:5. He 9:13, 22; 10:19. 1P 3:21. 1Jn 1:6; 5:6, 8. Rv 1:5; 7:14.

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