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John 19:29 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— There was set there a vessel full of vinegar: so they put a sponge full of the vinegar upon hyssop, and brought it to his mouth.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a spunge with vinegar, and put [it] upon hyssop, and put [it] to his mouth.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— A jar full of sour wine was standing there; so they put a sponge full of the sour wine upon [a branch of] hyssop and brought it up to His mouth.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a spunge with vinegar, and put [it] upon hyssop, and put [it] to his mouth.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— There was a vessel therefore there full of vinegar, and having filled a sponge with vinegar, and putting hyssop round it, they put it up to his mouth.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A vessel, was standing, full of vinegar. A sponge, therefore, full of the vinegar, put about, hyssop, brought they unto his mouth.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— a vessel, therefore, was placed full of vinegar, and they having filled a sponge with vinegar, and having put [it] around a hyssop stalk, did put [it] to his mouth;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now there was a vessel set there, full of vinegar. And they, putting a sponge full of vinegar about hyssop, put it to his mouth.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Now there was set a vessell, full of vineger: And they filled a spunge with vineger, and put it vpon hyssope, and put it to his mouth.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And a vessel was set (there) filled with vinegar: then they filled a sponge from the vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, and offered it to his mouth.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And a vessel was standing there, full of vinegar. And they filled a sponge with the vinegar, and put it on a hyssop [stalk], and bore it to his mouth.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Now 3767
{3767} Prime
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
there was set 2749
{2749} Prime
κεῖμαι
keimai
{ki'-mahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb; to lie outstretched (literally or figuratively).
z5711
<5711> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 184
a vessel 4632
{4632} Prime
σκεῦος
skeuos
{skyoo'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a vessel, implement, equipment or apparatus (literally or figuratively [specifically a wife as contributing to the usefulness of the husband]).
full 3324
{3324} Prime
μεστός
mestos
{mes-tos'}
Of uncertain derivative; replete (literally or figuratively).
of vinegar: 3690
{3690} Prime
ὄξος
oxos
{oz'-os}
From G3691; vinegar, that is, sour wine.
and 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
they x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
filled 4130
{4130} Prime
πλήθω
pletho
{play'-tho}
A prolonged form of a primary word πλέω [[pleo]], {pleh'-o} (which appears only as an alternate in certain tenses and in the reduplicated form of πίμπλημι [[pimplemi]] to 'fill' (literally or figuratively [imbue, influence, supply]); specifically to fulfil (time).
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
a spunge 4699
{4699} Prime
σπόγγος
spoggos
{spong'-gos}
Perhaps of foreign origin; a 'sponge'.
with vinegar, 3690
{3690} Prime
ὄξος
oxos
{oz'-os}
From G3691; vinegar, that is, sour wine.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
put [it] upon 4060
{4060} Prime
περιτίθημι
peritithemi
{per-ee-tith'-ay-mee}
From G4012 and G5087; to place around; by implication to present.
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
hyssop, 5301
{5301} Prime
ὕσσωπος
hussopos
{hoos'-so-pos}
Of foreign origin [H0231]; 'hyssop'.
and x2532
(2532) Complement
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
put y4374
[4374] Standard
προσφέρω
prosphero
{pros-fer'-o}
From G4314 and G5342 (including its alternate); to bear towards, that is, lead to, tender (especially to God), treat.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
[it] x4374
(4374) Complement
προσφέρω
prosphero
{pros-fer'-o}
From G4314 and G5342 (including its alternate); to bear towards, that is, lead to, tender (especially to God), treat.
to his 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
mouth. 4750
{4750} Prime
στόμα
stoma
{stom'-a}
Probably stregthened from a presumed derivative of the base of G5114; the mouth (as if a gash in the face); by implication language (and its relations); figuratively an opening (in the earth); specifically the front or edge (of a weapon).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on John 19:28-30.


John 19:29

_ _ filled a sponge with vinegar, and put it upon — a stalk of

_ _ hyssop, and put it to his mouth — Though a stalk of this plant does not exceed eighteen inches in length, it would suffice, as the feet of crucified persons were not raised high. “The rest said, Let be” — [that is, as would seem, ‘Stop that officious service’] “let us see whether Elias will come to save Him” (Matthew 27:49). This was the last cruelty He was to suffer, but it was one of the most unfeeling. “And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice” (Luke 23:46). This “loud voice,” noticed by three of the Evangelists, does not imply, as some able interpreters contend, that our Lord’s strength was so far from being exhausted that He needed not to die then, and surrendered up His life sooner than Nature required, merely because it was the appointed time. It was indeed the appointed time, but time that He should be “crucified through weakness” (1 Corinthians 13:4), and Nature was now reaching its utmost exhaustion. But just as even His own dying saints, particularly the martyrs of Jesus, have sometimes had such gleams of coming glory immediately before breathing their last, as to impart to them a strength to utter their feelings which has amazed the by-standers, so this mighty voice of the expiring Redeemer was nothing else but the exultant spirit of the Dying Victor, receiving the fruit of His travail just about to be embraced, and nerving the organs of utterance to an ecstatic expression of its sublime feelings (not so much in the immediately following words of tranquil surrender, in Luke, as in the final shout, recorded only by John): “FATHER, INTO THY HANDS I COMMEND MY SPIRIT!” (Luke 23:46). Yes, the darkness is past, and the true light now shineth. His soul has emerged from its mysterious horrors; “My God” is heard no more, but in unclouded light He yields sublime into His Father’s hands the infinitely precious spirit — using here also the words of those matchless Psalms (Psalms 31:5) which were ever on His lips. “As the Father receives the spirit of Jesus, so Jesus receives those of the faithful” (Acts 7:59) [Bengel]. And now comes the expiring mighty shout.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 19:19-30.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 19:29

A stalk of hyssop — Which in those countries grows exceeding large and strong. Psalms 69:21.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

John 19:29

Now there was set a (c) vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a spunge with vinegar, and put [it] upon hyssop, and put [it] to his mouth.

(c) Galatinus witnesses out of the book called Sanhedrin that the Jews often gave those who were executed vinegar mixed with frankincense to drink, to make them somewhat delirious: so the Jews provided charitably for the poor men's conscience who were executed.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
was set:

Matthew 27:34 They gave him vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when he had tasted [thereof], he would not drink.
Matthew 27:48 And straightway one of them ran, and took a spunge, and filled [it] with vinegar, and put [it] on a reed, and gave him to drink.
Mark 15:36 And one ran and filled a spunge full of vinegar, and put [it] on a reed, and gave him to drink, saying, Let alone; let us see whether Elias will come to take him down.
Luke 23:36 And the soldiers also mocked him, coming to him, and offering him vinegar,

hyssop:
This hyssop is termed a reed by Matthew and Mark; and it appears that a species of hyssop, with a reedy stalk, about two feet long, grew about Jerusalem.
Exodus 12:22 And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip [it] in the blood that [is] in the bason, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that [is] in the bason; and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning.
Numbers 19:18 And a clean person shall take hyssop, and dip [it] in the water, and sprinkle [it] upon the tent, and upon all the vessels, and upon the persons that were there, and upon him that touched a bone, or one slain, or one dead, or a grave:
1 Kings 4:33 And he spake of trees, from the cedar tree that [is] in Lebanon even unto the hyssop that springeth out of the wall: he spake also of beasts, and of fowl, and of creeping things, and of fishes.
Psalms 51:7 Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean: wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow.
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Ex 12:22. Nu 19:18. 1K 4:33. Ps 51:7. Mt 27:34, 48. Mk 15:36. Lk 23:36.

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