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John 19:27 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then saith he to the disciple, Behold, thy mother! And from that hour the disciple took her unto his own [home].
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then saith he to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own [home].
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then He *said to the disciple, “Behold, your mother!” From that hour the disciple took her into his own [household].
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then saith he to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple took her to his own [home].
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Then he says unto the disciple, Behold thy mother. And from that hour the disciple took her to his own home.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Afterwards, he saith unto the disciple—See! thy mother! And, from that hour, the disciple took her unto his own home.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— afterward he saith to the disciple, 'Lo, thy mother;' and from that hour the disciple took her to his own [home].
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— After that, he saith to the disciple: Behold thy mother. And from that hour, the disciple took her to his own.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then saith he to the disciple, Behold thy mother. And from that houre that disciple tooke her vnto his owne home.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and he said to that disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple received her to be with him.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And he said to that disciple: Behold, thy mother. And from that hour, the disciple took her near himself.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then 1534
{1534} Prime
εἶτα
eita
{i'-tah}
Of uncertain affinity; a particle of succession (in time or logical enumeration), then, moreover.
saith x3004
(3004) Complement
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
he y3004
[3004] Standard
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
to the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
disciple, 3101
{3101} Prime
μαθητής
mathetes
{math-ay-tes'}
From G3129; a learner, that is, pupil.
Behold 2400
{2400} Prime
ἰδού
idou
{id-oo'}
Second person singular imperative middle voice of G1492; used as imperative lo!.
z5628
<5628> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 459
thy 4675
{4675} Prime
σοῦ
sou
{soo}
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
mother! y3384
[3384] Standard
μήτηρ
meter
{may'-tare}
Apparently a primary word; a 'mother' (literally or figuratively, immediate or remote).
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
x3384
(3384) Complement
μήτηρ
meter
{may'-tare}
Apparently a primary word; a 'mother' (literally or figuratively, immediate or remote).
from 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
that 1565
{1565} Prime
ἐκεῖνος
ekeinos
{ek-i'-nos}
From G1563; that one (or [neuter] thing); often intensified by the article prefixed.
hour 5610
{5610} Prime
ὥρα
hora
{ho'-rah}
Apparently a primary word; an 'hour' (literally or figuratively).
that disciple 3101
{3101} Prime
μαθητής
mathetes
{math-ay-tes'}
From G3129; a learner, that is, pupil.
took 2983
{2983} Prime
λαμβάνω
lambano
{lam-ban'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary verb, which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses; to take (in very many applications, literally and figuratively [probably objective or active, to get hold of; whereas G1209 is rather subjective or passive, to have offered to one; while G0138 is more violent, to seize or remove]).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
her 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
unto 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
his own 2398
{2398} Prime
ἴδιος
idios
{id'-ee-os}
Of uncertain affinity; pertaining to self, that is, one's own; by implication private or separate.
[home].
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on John 19:25-27.


John 19:26-27

_ _ When Jesus ... saw his mother, and the disciple whom he loved, standing by, he saith to his mother, WOMAN, BEHOLD THY SON! Then saith he to the disciple, BEHOLD THY MOTHER! — What forgetfulness of self, what filial love, and to the “mother” and “son” what parting words!

_ _ from that hour ... took her to his own home — or, home with him; for his father Zebedee and his mother Salome were both alive, and the latter here present (Mark 15:40). See on Matthew 13:55. Now occurred the supernatural darkness, recorded by all the other Evangelists, but not here. “Now from the sixth hour (twelve o’clock, noon) there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth hour” (Matthew 27:45). No ordinary eclipse of the sun could have occurred at this time, it being then full moon, and this obscuration lasted about twelve times the length of any ordinary eclipse. (Compare Exodus 10:21, Exodus 10:23). Beyond doubt, the divine intention of the portent was to invest this darkest of all tragedies with a gloom expressive of its real character. “And about the ninth hour Jesus cried, ELI, ELI, LAMA SABACHTHANI ... My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?” (Matthew 27:46). As the darkness commenced at the sixth hour, the second of the Jewish hours of prayer, so it continued till the ninth hour, the hour of the evening sacrifice, increasing probably in depth, and reaching its deepest gloom at the moment of this mysterious cry, when the flame of the one great “Evening Sacrifice” was burning fiercest. The words were made to His hand. They are the opening words of a Psalm (Psalms 22:1) full of the last “sufferings of Christ and the following glories” (1 Peter 1:11). “FATHER,” was the cry in the first prayer which He uttered on the cross, for matters had not then come to the worst. “Father” was the cry of His last prayer, for matters had then passed their worst. But at this crisis of His sufferings, “Father” does not issue from His lips, for the light of a Father’s countenance was then mysteriously eclipsed. He falls back, however, on a title expressive of His official relation, which, though lower and more distant in itself, yet when grasped in pure and naked faith was mighty in its claims, and rich in psalmodic associations. And what deep earnestness is conveyed by the redoubling of this title! But as for the cry itself, it will never be fully comprehended. An absolute desertion is not indeed to be thought of; but a total eclipse of the felt sense of God’s presence it certainly expresses. It expre’sses surprise, as under the experience of something not only never before known, but inexplicable on the footing which had till then subsisted between Him and God. It is a question which the lost cannot utter. They are forsaken, but they know why. Jesus is forsaken, but does not know and demands to know why. It is thus the cry of conscious innocence, but of innocence unavailing to draw down, at that moment, the least token of approval from the unseen Judge — innocence whose only recognition at that moment lay in the thick surrounding gloom which but reflected the horror of great darkness that invested His own spirit. There was indeed a cause for it, and He knew it too — the “why” must not be pressed so far as to exclude this. He must taste this bitterest of the wages of sinwho did no sin” (1 Peter 2:22). But that is not the point now. In Him there was no cause at all (John 14:30) and He takes refuge in the glorious fact. When no ray from above shines in upon Him, He strikes a light out of His own breast. If God will not own Him, He shall own Himself. On the rock of His unsullied allegiance to Heaven He will stand, till the light of Heaven returns to His spirit. And it is near to come. While He is yet speaking, the fierceness of the flame is beginning to abate. One incident and insult more, and the experience of one other predicted element of suffering, and the victory is His. The incident, and the insult springing out of it, is the misunderstanding of the cry, for we can hardly suppose that it was anything else. “Some of them that stood there, when they heard that, said, This man calleth for Elias” (Matthew 27:47).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 19:19-30.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 19:27

Behold thy mother — To whom thou art now to perform the part of a son in my place, a peculiar honour which Christ conferred on him. From that hour — From the time of our Lord's death.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Behold:

Genesis 45:8 So now [it was] not you [that] sent me hither, but God: and he hath made me a father to Pharaoh, and lord of all his house, and a ruler throughout all the land of Egypt.
Genesis 47:12 And Joseph nourished his father, and his brethren, and all his father's household, with bread, according to [their] families.
Matthew 12:48-50 But he answered and said unto him that told him, Who is my mother? and who are my brethren? ... For whosoever shall do the will of my Father which is in heaven, the same is my brother, and sister, and mother.
Matthew 25:40 And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done [it] unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done [it] unto me.
Mark 3:34 And he looked round about on them which sat about him, and said, Behold my mother and my brethren!
1 Timothy 5:2-4 The elder women as mothers; the younger as sisters, with all purity. ... But if any widow have children or nephews, let them learn first to shew piety at home, and to requite their parents: for that is good and acceptable before God.

took:

1 John 3:18-19 My little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue; but in deed and in truth. ... And hereby we know that we are of the truth, and shall assure our hearts before him.

his:

John 1:11 He came unto his own, and his own received him not.
John 16:32 Behold, the hour cometh, yea, is now come, that ye shall be scattered, every man to his own, and shall leave me alone: and yet I am not alone, because the Father is with me.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 45:8; 47:12. Mt 12:48; 25:40. Mk 3:34. Jn 1:11; 16:32. 1Ti 5:2. 1Jn 3:18.

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