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John 19:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— They took Jesus therefore: and he went out, bearing the cross for himself, unto the place called The place of a skull, which is called in Hebrew, Golgotha:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called [the place] of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— They took Jesus, therefore, and He went out, bearing His own cross, to the place called the Place of a Skull, which is called in Hebrew, Golgotha.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called [the place] of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew, Golgotha:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he went out, bearing his cross, to the place called [place] of a skull, which is called in Hebrew, Golgotha;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, bearing for himself the cross, he went forth unto the so-called Skull-place, which is named, in Hebrew, Golgotha;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and bearing his cross, he went forth to the place called [Place] of a Skull, which is called in Hebrew Golgotha;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And bearing his own cross, he went forth to the place which is called Calvary, but in Hebrew Golgotha.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he bearing his crosse, went foorth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrewe, Golgotha:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— bearing his cross to a place which is called A Skull, but in Hebrew is Gogultha:
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— bearing his cross, to a place called a Skull, and in Hebrew called Golgotha;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
he bearing 941
{0941} Prime
βαστάζω
bastazo
{bas-tad'-zo}
Perhaps remotely derived from the base of G0939 (through the idea of removal); to lift, literally or figuratively (endure, declare, sustain, receive, etc.).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
cross 4716
{4716} Prime
σταυρός
stauros
{stow-ros'}
From the base of G2476; a stake or post (as set upright), that is, (specifically) a pole or cross (as an instrument of capital punishment); figuratively exposure to death, that is, self denial; by implication the atonement of Christ.
went forth 1831
{1831} Prime
ἐξέρχομαι
exerchomai
{ex-er'-khom-ahee}
From G1537 and G2064; to issue (literally or figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
into 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
a place 5117
{5117} Prime
τόπος
topos
{top'-os}
Apparently a primary word; a spot (generally in space, but limited by occupancy; whereas G5561 is a larger but particular locality), that is, location (as a position, home, tract, etc.); figuratively condition, opportunity; specifically a scabbard.
called 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
[the place] of a skull, 2898
{2898} Prime
κρανίον
kranion
{kran-ee'-on}
Diminutive of a derivative of the base of G2768; a skull ('cranium').
which 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
is called 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5743
<5743> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
in the Hebrew 1447
{1447} Prime
Ἑβραϊστί
Hebraisti
{heb-rah-is-tee'}
Adverb from G1446; Hebraistically or in the Jewish (Chaldee) language.
Golgotha: 1115
{1115} Prime
Γολγοθᾶ
Golgotha
{gol-goth-ah'}
Of Chaldee origin (compare [H1538]); the skull; Golgotha, a knoll near Jerusalem.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

John 19:17

_ _ John 19:17-30. Crucifixion and death of the Lord Jesus.

_ _ And he bearing his cross — (See on Luke 23:26).

_ _ went forth — Compare Hebrews 13:11-13, “without the camp”; “without the gate.” On arriving at the place, “they gave Him vinegar to drink mingled with gall [wine mingled with myrrh, Mark 15:23], and when He had tasted thereof, He would not drink” (Matthew 27:34). This potion was stupefying, and given to criminals just before execution, to deaden the sense of pain.

Fill high the bowl, and spice it well, and pour
The dews oblivious: for the Cross is sharp,
The Cross is sharp, and He
Is tenderer than a lamb.
— Keble.

_ _ But our Lord would die with every faculty clear, and in full sensibility to all His sufferings.

Thou wilt feel all, that Thou may’st pity all;
And rather would’st Thou wrestle with strong pain
Than overcloud Thy soul,
So clear in agony,
Or lose one glimpse of Heaven before the time,
O most entire and perfect Sacrifice,
Renewed in every pulse.
— Keble.
Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 19:16-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 19:17

Bearing his cross — Not the whole cross, (for that was too large and heavy,) but the transverse beam of it, to which his hands were afterward fastened. This they used to make the person to be executed carry. Matthew 27:31; Mark 15:20; Luke 23:26.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he:

Matthew 10:38 And he that taketh not his cross, and followeth after me, is not worthy of me.
Matthew 16:24 Then said Jesus unto his disciples, If any [man] will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me.
Matthew 27:31-33 And after that they had mocked him, they took the robe off from him, and put his own raiment on him, and led him away to crucify [him]. ... And when they were come unto a place called Golgotha, that is to say, a place of a skull,
Mark 8:34 And when he had called the people [unto him] with his disciples also, he said unto them, Whosoever will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me.
Mark 10:21 Then Jesus beholding him loved him, and said unto him, One thing thou lackest: go thy way, sell whatsoever thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come, take up the cross, and follow me.
Mark 15:21-22 And they compel one Simon a Cyrenian, who passed by, coming out of the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to bear his cross. ... And they bring him unto the place Golgotha, which is, being interpreted, The place of a skull.
Luke 9:23 And he said to [them] all, If any [man] will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross daily, and follow me.
Luke 14:27 And whosoever doth not bear his cross, and come after me, cannot be my disciple.
Luke 23:26 And as they led him away, they laid hold upon one Simon, a Cyrenian, coming out of the country, and on him they laid the cross, that he might bear [it] after Jesus.
Luke 23:33 And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary, there they crucified him, and the malefactors, one on the right hand, and the other on the left.

went:

Leviticus 16:21-22 And Aaron shall lay both his hands upon the head of the live goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions in all their sins, putting them upon the head of the goat, and shall send [him] away by the hand of a fit man into the wilderness: ... And the goat shall bear upon him all their iniquities unto a land not inhabited: and he shall let go the goat in the wilderness.
Leviticus 24:14 Bring forth him that hath cursed without the camp; and let all that heard [him] lay their hands upon his head, and let all the congregation stone him.
Numbers 15:35-36 And the LORD said unto Moses, The man shall be surely put to death: all the congregation shall stone him with stones without the camp. ... And all the congregation brought him without the camp, and stoned him with stones, and he died; as the LORD commanded Moses.
1 Kings 21:13 And there came in two men, children of Belial, and sat before him: and the men of Belial witnessed against him, [even] against Naboth, in the presence of the people, saying, Naboth did blaspheme God and the king. Then they carried him forth out of the city, and stoned him with stones, that he died.
Luke 23:33 And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary, there they crucified him, and the malefactors, one on the right hand, and the other on the left.
Acts 7:58 And cast [him] out of the city, and stoned [him]: and the witnesses laid down their clothes at a young man's feet, whose name was Saul.
Hebrews 13:11-13 For the bodies of those beasts, whose blood is brought into the sanctuary by the high priest for sin, are burned without the camp. ... Let us go forth therefore unto him without the camp, bearing his reproach.

Golgotha:
Golgotha, of which Κρανιον [Strong's G2898] and Calvaria are merely translations, is supposed to have been a hill, or a rising on a greater hill, on the north-west of Jerusalem.
Matthew 27:33-34 And when they were come unto a place called Golgotha, that is to say, a place of a skull, ... They gave him vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when he had tasted [thereof], he would not drink.
Mark 15:21-22 And they compel one Simon a Cyrenian, who passed by, coming out of the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to bear his cross. ... And they bring him unto the place Golgotha, which is, being interpreted, The place of a skull.
Luke 23:33 And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary, there they crucified him, and the malefactors, one on the right hand, and the other on the left.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 16:21; 24:14. Nu 15:35. 1K 21:13. Mt 10:38; 16:24; 27:31, 33. Mk 8:34; 10:21; 15:21. Lk 9:23; 14:27; 23:26, 33. Ac 7:58. He 13:11.

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does the verse meant Jesus bearing his cross going to Golgota or Jesus reached golgota bearing the cross?
- Teofilo M. Dubae (5/21/2012 11:23:09 AM)
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