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John 18:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— When therefore he said unto them, I am [he], they went backward, and fell to the ground.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— As soon then as he had said unto them, I am [he], they went backward, and fell to the ground.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So when He said to them, “I am [He],” they drew back and fell to the ground.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— As soon then as he had said to them, I am [he], they went backward, and fell to the ground.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— When therefore he said to them, I am [he], they went away backward and fell to the ground.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— When, therefore, he said unto them, I, am he, they went backwards, and fell to the ground.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— when, therefore, he said to them—'I am [he],' they went away backward, and fell to the ground.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— As soon therefore as he had said to them: I am he; they went backward and fell to the ground.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Assoone then as he had said vnto them, I am he, they went backeward, and fell to the ground.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And when Jeshu had said to them, I am, they went backward and fell upon the ground.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And when Jesus said to them, I am he, they drew back and fell upon the ground.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
As soon y5613
[5613] Standard
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
then y3767
[3767] Standard
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
as x5613
(5613) Complement
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
x3767
(3767) Complement
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
he had said 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
unto them, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
y3754
[3754] Standard
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
I 1473
{1473} Prime
ἐγώ
ego
{eg-o'}
A primary pronoun of the first person, 'I' (only expressed when emphatic).
am 1510
{1510} Prime
εἰμί
eimi
{i-mee'}
First person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist (used only when emphatic).
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
[he],
they went 565
{0565} Prime
ἀπέρχομαι
aperchomai
{ap-erkh'-om-ahee}
From G0575 and G2064; to go off (that is, depart), aside (that is, apart) or behind (that is, follow), literally or figuratively.
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
backward, 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
3694
{3694} Prime
ὀπίσω
opiso
{op-is'-o}
From the same as G3693 with enclitic of direction; to the back, that is, aback (as adverb or preposition of time or place; or as noun).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
fell 4098
{4098} Prime
πίπτω
pipto
{pip'-to}
The first is a reduplicated and contracted form of the second (which occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses); probably akin to G4072 through the idea of alighting; to fall (literally of figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
to the ground. 5476
{5476} Prime
χαμαί
chamai
{kham-ah'-ee}
Adverb perhaps from the base of G5490 through the idea of a fissure in the soil; earthward, that is, prostrate.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on John 18:4-9.


John 18:6

_ _ As soon then as he said unto them, I am He, they went backward — recoiled.

_ _ and fell to the ground — struck down by a power such as that which smote Saul of Tarsus and his companions to the earth (Acts 26:14). It was the glorious effulgence of the majesty of Christ which overpowered them. “This, occurring before His surrender, would show His power over His enemies, and so the freedom with which He gave Himself up” [Meyer].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 18:1-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 18:6

As soon as he said, I am he, they went backward and fell to the ground — How amazing is it, that they should renew the assault, after so sensible an experience both of his power and mercy! But probably the priests among them might persuade themselves and their attendants, that this also was done by Beelzebub; and that it was through the providence of God, not the indulgence of Jesus, that they received no farther damage.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
they went:
Doubtless by the interposition of Divine power; and it was thus shown that Jesus voluntarily resigned himself into their hands.
2 Kings 1:9-15 Then the king sent unto him a captain of fifty with his fifty. And he went up to him: and, behold, he sat on the top of an hill. And he spake unto him, Thou man of God, the king hath said, Come down. ... And the angel of the LORD said unto Elijah, Go down with him: be not afraid of him. And he arose, and went down with him unto the king.
Psalms 27:2 When the wicked, [even] mine enemies and my foes, came upon me to eat up my flesh, they stumbled and fell.
Psalms 40:14 Let them be ashamed and confounded together that seek after my soul to destroy it; let them be driven backward and put to shame that wish me evil.
Psalms 70:2-3 Let them be ashamed and confounded that seek after my soul: let them be turned backward, and put to confusion, that desire my hurt. ... Let them be turned back for a reward of their shame that say, Aha, aha.
Psalms 129:5 Let them all be confounded and turned back that hate Zion.
Luke 9:54-56 And when his disciples James and John saw [this], they said, Lord, wilt thou that we command fire to come down from heaven, and consume them, even as Elias did? ... For the Son of man is not come to destroy men's lives, but to save [them]. And they went to another village.
Acts 4:29-30 And now, Lord, behold their threatenings: and grant unto thy servants, that with all boldness they may speak thy word, ... By stretching forth thine hand to heal; and that signs and wonders may be done by the name of thy holy child Jesus.
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2K 1:9. Ps 27:2; 40:14; 70:2; 129:5. Lk 9:54. Ac 4:29.

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