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John 18:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Judas then, having received the band [of soldiers], and officers from the chief priests and the Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns and torches and weapons.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Judas then, having received a band [of men] and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns and torches and weapons.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Judas then, having received the [Roman] cohort and officers from the chief priests and the Pharisees, *came there with lanterns and torches and weapons.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Judas then, having received a band [of men] and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns, and torches, and weapons.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Judas therefore, having got the band, and officers of the chief priests and Pharisees, comes there with lanterns and torches and weapons.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Judas, therefore, receiving the band, and officers, from among the High-priests and [from among] the Pharisees, cometh thither, with lights and torches and weapons.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Judas, therefore, having taken the band and officers out of the chief priests and Pharisees, doth come thither with torches and lamps, and weapons;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Judas therefore having received a band of soldiers and servants from the chief priests and the Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns and torches and weapons.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Iudas then hauing receiued a band of men, and officers from the chiefe Priests and Pharisees, commeth thither with lanternes and torches, and weapons.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Jihuda then took a band, and from the chief priests and Pharishee he took officers, and came thither with lanterns and lamps and arms.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Then Judas received a regiment, and from the presence of the chief priests and Pharisees he had officials; and he came to the place with lanterns and lamps and weapons.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Judas 2455
{2455} Prime
Ἰούδας
Ioudas
{ee-oo-das'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3063]; Judas (that is, Jehudah), the name of ten Israelites; also of the posterity of one of them and its region.
then, 3767
{3767} Prime
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
having received 2983
{2983} Prime
λαμβάνω
lambano
{lam-ban'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary verb, which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses; to take (in very many applications, literally and figuratively [probably objective or active, to get hold of; whereas G1209 is rather subjective or passive, to have offered to one; while G0138 is more violent, to seize or remove]).
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
a band 4686
{4686} Prime
σπεῖρα
speira
{spi'-rah}
Of immediate Latin origin, but ultimately a derivative of G0138 in the sense of its cognate, G1507; a coil (spira, 'spire'), that is, (figuratively) a mass of men (a Roman military cohort; also [by analogy] a squad of Levitical janitors).
[of men] and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
officers 5257
{5257} Prime
ὑπηρέτης
huperetes
{hoop-ay-ret'-ace}
From G5259 and a derivative of ἐρέσσω [[eresso]] (to row); an under oarsman, that is, (genitive case) subordinate (assistant, sexton, constable).
from 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
chief priests 749
{0749} Prime
ἀρχιερεύς
archiereus
{ar-khee-er-yuce'}
From G0746 and G2409; the high priest (literally of the Jews, typically Christ); by extension a chief priest.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
Pharisees, 5330
{5330} Prime
Φαρισαῖος
Pharisaios
{far-is-ah'-yos}
Of Hebrew origin (compare [H6567]); a separatist, that is, exclusively religious; a Pharisaean, that is, Jewish sectary.
cometh 2064
{2064} Prime
ἔρχομαι
erchomai
{er'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb (used only in the present and imperfect tenses, the others being supplied by a kindred [middle voice] word, ἐλεύθομαι [[eleuthomai]], {el-yoo'-thom-ahee}; or [active] ἔλθω [[eltho]], {el'-tho}; which do not otherwise occur); to come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
thither 1563
{1563} Prime
ἐκεῖ
ekei
{ek-i'}
Of uncertain affinity; there; by extension thither.
with 3326
{3326} Prime
μετά
meta
{met-ah'}
A primary preposition (often used adverbially); properly denoting accompaniment; 'amid' (local or causal); modified variously according to the case (genitive case association, or accusative case succession) with which it is joined; occupying an intermediate position between G0575 or G1537 and G1519 or G4314; less intimate than G1722, and less close than G4862).
lanterns 5322
{5322} Prime
φανός
phanos
{fan-os'}
From G5316; a lightener, that is, light.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
torches 2985
{2985} Prime
λαμπάς
lampas
{lam-pas'}
From G2989; a 'lamp' or flambeau.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
weapons. 3696
{3696} Prime
ὅπλον
hoplon
{hop'-lon}
Probably from the primary word ἕπω [[hepo]] (to be busy about); an implement or utensil or tool (literally or figuratively, especially offensive for war).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on John 18:1-3.


John 18:3

_ _ Judas then — “He that was called Judas, one of the Twelve,” says Luke (Luke 22:47), in language which brands him with peculiar infamy, as in the sacred circle while in no sense of it.

_ _ a band of men — “the detachment of the Roman cohort on duty at the festival for the purpose of maintaining order” [Webster and Wilkinson].

_ _ officers from the chief priests and Pharisees — captains of the temple and armed Levites.

_ _ lanterns and torches — It was full moon, but in case He should have secreted Himself somewhere in the dark ravine, they bring the means of exploring its hiding-places — little knowing whom they had to do with. “Now he that betrayed Him had given them a sign, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is He, hold Him fast” (Matthew 26:48). The cold-bloodedness of this speech was only exceeded by the deed itself. “And Judas went before them [Luke 22:47], and forthwith he came to Jesus, and said, Hail, Master, and kissed Him” (Matthew 26:49; compare Exodus 4:27; Exodus 18:7; Luke 7:45). The impudence of this atrocious deed shows how thoroughly he had by this time mastered all his scruples. If the dialogue between our Lord and His captors was before this, as some interpreters think it was, the kiss of Judas was purely gratuitous, and probably to make good his right to the money; our Lord having presented Himself unexpectedly before them, and rendered it unnecessary for any one to point Him out. But a comparison of the narratives seems to show that our Lord’s “coming forth” to the band was subsequent to the interview of Judas. “And Jesus said unto him, Friend” — not the endearing term “friend” (in John 15:15), but “companion,” a word used on occasions of remonstrance or rebuke (as in Matthew 20:13; Matthew 22:12) — “Wherefore art thou come?” (Matthew 26:50). “Betrayest thou the Son of man with a kiss” — imprinting upon the foulest act the mark of tenderest affection? What wounded feeling does this express! Of this Jesus showed Himself on various occasions keenly susceptible — as all generous and beautiful natures do.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 18:1-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 18:3

A troop of soldiers — A cohort of Roman foot.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

John 18:3

(2) Judas then, having received a band [of men] and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns and torches and weapons.

(2) Christ who was innocent was taken as a wicked person, that we who are wicked might be let go as innocent.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Judas:

John 13:2 And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's [son], to betray him;
John 13:27-30 And after the sop Satan entered into him. Then said Jesus unto him, That thou doest, do quickly. ... He then having received the sop went immediately out: and it was night.
Matthew 26:47 And while he yet spake, lo, Judas, one of the twelve, came, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves, from the chief priests and elders of the people.
Matthew 26:55 In that same hour said Jesus to the multitudes, Are ye come out as against a thief with swords and staves for to take me? I sat daily with you teaching in the temple, and ye laid no hold on me.
Mark 14:43-44 And immediately, while he yet spake, cometh Judas, one of the twelve, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves, from the chief priests and the scribes and the elders. ... And he that betrayed him had given them a token, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is he; take him, and lead [him] away safely.
Mark 14:48 And Jesus answered and said unto them, Are ye come out, as against a thief, with swords and [with] staves to take me?
Luke 22:47-53 And while he yet spake, behold a multitude, and he that was called Judas, one of the twelve, went before them, and drew near unto Jesus to kiss him. ... When I was daily with you in the temple, ye stretched forth no hands against me: but this is your hour, and the power of darkness.
Acts 1:16 Men [and] brethren, this scripture must needs have been fulfilled, which the Holy Ghost by the mouth of David spake before concerning Judas, which was guide to them that took Jesus.

a band:

John 18:12 Then the band and the captain and officers of the Jews took Jesus, and bound him,
*Gr:
Psalms 3:1-2 [[A Psalm of David, when he fled from Absalom his son.]] LORD, how are they increased that trouble me! many [are] they that rise up against me. ... Many [there be] which say of my soul, [There is] no help for him in God. Selah.
Psalms 22:12 Many bulls have compassed me: strong [bulls] of Bashan have beset me round.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 3:1; 22:12. Mt 26:47, 55. Mk 14:43, 48. Lk 22:47. Jn 13:2, 27; 18:12. Ac 1:16.

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