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John 18:27 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Peter therefore denied again: and straightway the cock crew.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Peter then denied again: and immediately the cock crew.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Peter then denied [it] again, and immediately a rooster crowed.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Peter then denied again, and immediately the cock crowed.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Peter denied therefore again, and immediately [the] cock crew.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Again, therefore, Peter denied. And, straightway, a cock crew.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— again, therefore, Peter denied, and immediately a cock crew.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Again therefore Peter denied: and immediately the cock crew.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Peter then denied againe, and immediatly the cocke crew.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And again Shemun denied. And in the same hour the cock crowed.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And again Simon denied: and at that moment the cock crew.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Peter 4074
{4074} Prime
Πέτρος
Petros
{pet'-ros}
Apparently a primary word; a (piece of) rock (larger than G3037); as a name, Petrus, an apostle.
then 3767
{3767} Prime
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
denied 720
{0720} Prime
ἀρνέομαι
arneomai
{ar-neh'-om-ahee}
Perhaps from G0001 (as a negative particle) and the middle of G4483; to contradict, that is, disavow, reject, abnegate.
z5662
<5662> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 352
again: 3825
{3825} Prime
πάλιν
palin
{pal'-in}
Probably from the same as G3823 (through the idea of oscillatory repetition); (adverbially) anew, that is, (of place) back, (of time) once more, or (conjugationally) furthermore or on the other hand.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
immediately 2112
{2112} Prime
εὐθέως
eutheos
{yoo-theh'-oce}
Adverb from G2117; directly, that is, at once or soon.
the cock 220
{0220} Prime
ἀλέκτωρ
alektor
{al-ek'-tore}
From ἀλέκω [[aleko]] (to ward off); a cock or male fowl.
crew. 5455
{5455} Prime
φωνέω
phoneo
{fo-neh'-o}
From G5456; to emit a sound (animal, human or instrumental); by implication to address in words or by name, also in imitation.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on John 18:24-27.


John 18:27

_ _ Peter then denied again — But, if the challenge of Malchus’ kinsman was made simultaneously with this on account of his Galilean dialect, it was no simple denial; for Matthew 26:74 says, “Then began he to curse and to swear, saying, I know not the man.” So Mark 14:71. This was THE THIRD DENIAL.

_ _ and immediately — “while he yet spake” (Luke 22:60).

_ _ the cock crew — As Mark is the only Evangelist who tells us that our Lord predicted that the cock should crow twice (Mark 14:30), so he only mentions that it did crow twice (Mark 14:72). The other Evangelists, who tell us merely that our Lord predicted that “before the cock should crow he would deny Him thrice” (Matthew 26:34; Luke 22:34; John 13:38), mention only one actual crowing, which was Mark’s last. This is something affecting in this Evangelist — who, according to the earliest tradition (confirmed by internal evidence), derived his materials so largely from Peter as to have been styled his “interpreter,” being the only one who gives both the sad prediction and its still sadder fulfillment in full. It seems to show that Peter himself not only retained through all his after-life the most vivid recollection of the circumstances of his fall, but that he was willing that others should know them too. The immediately subsequent acts are given in full only in Luke (Luke 22:61, Luke 22:62): “And the Lord turned and looked upon Peter,” from the hall of judgment to the court, in the way already explained. But who can tell what lightning flashes of wounded love and piercing reproach shot from that “look” through the eye of Peter into his heart! “And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how He had said unto him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny Me thrice. And Peter went out and wept bitterly.” How different from the sequel of Judas’ act! Doubtless the hearts of the two men towards the Savior were perfectly different from the first; and the treason of Judas was but the consummation of the wretched man’s resistance of the blaze of light in the midst of which he had lived for three years, while Peter’s denial was but a momentary obscuration of the heavenly light and love to his Master which ruled his life. But the immediate cause of the revulsion, which made Peter “weep bitterly,” was, beyond all doubt, this heart-piercing “look” which his Lord gave him. And remembering the Savior's own words at the table, “Simon, Simon, Satan hath desired to have you that he may sift you as wheat, but I have prayed [rather, ‘I prayed’] for thee that thy faith fail not” (see on Luke 22:31, Luke 22:32), may we not say that this prayer fetched down all that there was in that ‘look’ to pierce and break the heart of. Peter, to keep it from despair, to work in it “repentance unto salvation not to be repented of,” and at length, under other healing touches, to “restore his soul?” (See on Mark 16:7).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 18:13-27.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
and:

John 13:38 Jesus answered him, Wilt thou lay down thy life for my sake? Verily, verily, I say unto thee, The cock shall not crow, till thou hast denied me thrice.
Matthew 26:34 Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, That this night, before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice.
Matthew 26:74-75 Then began he to curse and to swear, [saying], I know not the man. And immediately the cock crew. ... And Peter remembered the word of Jesus, which said unto him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice. And he went out, and wept bitterly.
Mark 14:30 And Jesus saith unto him, Verily I say unto thee, That this day, [even] in this night, before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice.
Mark 14:68 But he denied, saying, I know not, neither understand I what thou sayest. And he went out into the porch; and the cock crew.
Mark 14:71-72 But he began to curse and to swear, [saying], I know not this man of whom ye speak. ... And the second time the cock crew. And Peter called to mind the word that Jesus said unto him, Before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice. And when he thought thereon, he wept.
Luke 22:34 And he said, I tell thee, Peter, the cock shall not crow this day, before that thou shalt thrice deny that thou knowest me.
Luke 22:60-62 And Peter said, Man, I know not what thou sayest. And immediately, while he yet spake, the cock crew. ... And Peter went out, and wept bitterly.
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Mt 26:34, 74. Mk 14:30, 68, 71. Lk 22:34, 60. Jn 13:38.

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