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John 18:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Jesus answered him, If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil: but if well, why smitest thou me?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Jesus answered him, If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil: but if well, why smitest thou me?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Jesus answered him, “If I have spoken wrongly, testify of the wrong; but if rightly, why do you strike Me?”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Jesus answered him, If I have spoken evil, bear testimony of the evil: but if well, why smitest thou me?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Jesus answered him, If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil; but if well, why smitest thou me?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Jesus answered him—If, with abuse, I spake, bear witness of the abuse: but, if with respect, why, smitest thou me?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Jesus answered him, 'If I spake ill, testify concerning the ill; and if well, why me dost thou smite?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Jesus answered him: If I have spoken evil, give testimony of the evil; but if well, why strikest thou me?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Iesus answered him, If I haue spoken euill, beare witnesse of the euill: but if well, why smitest thou me?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Jeshu replied and said to him, If wickedly I have spoken, bear witness of the evil; but if well, why hast thou struck me?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Jesus replied, and said to him: If I have spoken evil bear witness of that evil; but if well, why smitest thou me?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
answered 611
{0611} Prime
ἀποκρίνομαι
apokrinomai
{ap-ok-ree'-nom-ahee}
From G0575 and κρινω [[krino]]; to conclude for oneself, that is, (by implication) to respond; by Hebraism (compare [H6030]) to begin to speak (where an address is expected).
z5662
<5662> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 352
him, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
If 1487
{1487} Prime
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
I have spoken 2980
{2980} Prime
λαλέω
laleo
{lal-eh'-o}
A prolonged form of an otherwise obsolete verb; to talk, that is, utter words.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
evil, 2560
{2560} Prime
κακῶς
kakos
{kak-oce'}
Adverb from G2556; badly (physically or morally).
bear witness 3140
{3140} Prime
μαρτυρέω
martureo
{mar-too-reh'-o}
From G3144; to be a witness, that is, testify (literally or figuratively).
z5657
<5657> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 376
of 4012
{4012} Prime
περί
peri
{per-ee'}
From the base of G4008; properly through (all over), that is, around; figuratively with respect to; used in various applications, of place, cause or time (with the genitive case denoting the subject or occasion or superlative point; with the accusative case the locality, circuit, matter, circumstance or general period).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
evil: 2556
{2556} Prime
κακός
kakos
{kak-os'}
Apparently a primary word; worthless (intrinsically such; whereas G4190 properly refers to effects), that is, (subjectively) depraved, or (objectively) injurious.
but 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
if 1487
{1487} Prime
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
well, 2573
{2573} Prime
καλῶς
kalos
{kal-oce'}
Adverb from G2570; well (usually morally).
why 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
smitest 1194
{1194} Prime
δέρω
dero
{der'-o}
A primary verb; properly to flay, that is, (by implication) to scourge, or (by analogy) to thrash.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
thou me? 3165
{3165} Prime
μέ
me
{meh}
A shorter (and probably original) form of G1691; me.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

John 18:23

_ _ If I have spoken, etc. — “if I spoke” evil, in reply to the high priest. (Also see on Mark 14:54.)

_ _ if well — He does not say “If not” evil, as if His reply were merely unobjectionable: “well” seems to challenge more than this as due to His remonstrance This shows that Matthew 5:39 is not to be taken to the letter.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 18:13-27.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
If:

2 Corinthians 10:1 Now I Paul myself beseech you by the meekness and gentleness of Christ, who in presence [am] base among you, but being absent am bold toward you:
1 Peter 2:20-23 For what glory [is it], if, when ye be buffeted for your faults, ye shall take it patiently? but if, when ye do well, and suffer [for it], ye take it patiently, this [is] acceptable with God. ... Who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, he threatened not; but committed [himself] to him that judgeth righteously:
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2Co 10:1. 1P 2:20.

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