Parallel Bible VersionsGreek Bible Study Tools

John 18:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Now the servants and the officers were standing [there], having made a fire of coals; for it was cold; and they were warming themselves: and Peter also was with them, standing and warming himself.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the servants and officers stood there, who had made a fire of coals; for it was cold: and they warmed themselves: and Peter stood with them, and warmed himself.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now the slaves and the officers were standing [there], having made a charcoal fire, for it was cold and they were warming themselves; and Peter was also with them, standing and warming himself.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the servants and officers stood there, who had made a fire of coals; (for it was cold) and they warmed themselves: and Peter stood with them, and warmed himself.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But the bondmen and officers, having made a fire of coals (for it was cold), stood and warmed themselves; and Peter was standing with them and warming himself.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now the servants and the officers were standing by, having made, a coal fire, because it was cold,—and were warming themselves; and Peter also was with them, standing and warming himself.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the servants and the officers were standing, having made a fire of coals, because it was cold, and they were warming themselves, and Peter was standing with them, and warming himself.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now the servants and ministers stood at a fire of coals, because it was cold, and warmed themselves. And with them was Peter also, standing and warming himself.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the seruants and officers stood there, who had made a fire of coales, (for it was colde) and they warmed themselues: and Peter stood with them, and warmed himselfe.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And the servants and officials were standing, and they had set a fire to warm them, because it was cold; and Shemun stood also with them and warmed himself.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And the servants and officials were standing, and had placed a fire to warm themselves

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
servants 1401
{1401} Prime
δοῦλος
doulos
{doo'-los}
From G1210; a slave (literally or figuratively, involuntarily or voluntarily; frequently therefore in a qualified sense of subjection or subserviency).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
officers 5257
{5257} Prime
ὑπηρέτης
huperetes
{hoop-ay-ret'-ace}
From G5259 and a derivative of ἐρέσσω [[eresso]] (to row); an under oarsman, that is, (genitive case) subordinate (assistant, sexton, constable).
stood x2476
(2476) Complement
ἵστημι
histemi
{his'-tay-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary word στάω [[stao]], {stah'-o} (of the same meaning, and used for it in certain tenses); to stand (transitively or intransitively), used in various applications (literally or figuratively).
there, y2476
[2476] Standard
ἵστημι
histemi
{his'-tay-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary word στάω [[stao]], {stah'-o} (of the same meaning, and used for it in certain tenses); to stand (transitively or intransitively), used in various applications (literally or figuratively).
z5715
<5715> Grammar
Tense - Pluperfect (See G5779)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 83
who had made 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5761
<5761> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 193
a fire of coals; 439
{0439} Prime
ἀνθρακιά
anthrakia
{anth-rak-ee-ah'}
From G0440; a bed of burning coals.
for 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
it was 2258
{2258} Prime
ἦν
en
{ane}
Imperfect of G1510; I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were).
z5713
<5713> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 532
cold: 5592
{5592} Prime
ψῦχος
psuchos
{psoo'-khos}
From G5594; coolness.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
they warmed x2328
(2328) Complement
θερμαίνω
thermaino
{ther-mah'-ee-no}
From G2329; to heat (oneself).
themselves: y2328
[2328] Standard
θερμαίνω
thermaino
{ther-mah'-ee-no}
From G2329; to heat (oneself).
z5711
<5711> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 184
and 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
Peter 4074
{4074} Prime
Πέτρος
Petros
{pet'-ros}
Apparently a primary word; a (piece of) rock (larger than G3037); as a name, Petrus, an apostle.
stood 2258
{2258} Prime
ἦν
en
{ane}
Imperfect of G1510; I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were).
2476
{2476} Prime
ἵστημι
histemi
{his'-tay-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary word στάω [[stao]], {stah'-o} (of the same meaning, and used for it in certain tenses); to stand (transitively or intransitively), used in various applications (literally or figuratively).
z5713
<5713> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 532
z5761
<5761> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 193
with 3326
{3326} Prime
μετά
meta
{met-ah'}
A primary preposition (often used adverbially); properly denoting accompaniment; 'amid' (local or causal); modified variously according to the case (genitive case association, or accusative case succession) with which it is joined; occupying an intermediate position between G0575 or G1537 and G1519 or G4314; less intimate than G1722, and less close than G4862).
them, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
warmed x2328
(2328) Complement
θερμαίνω
thermaino
{ther-mah'-ee-no}
From G2329; to heat (oneself).
himself. y2328
[2328] Standard
θερμαίνω
thermaino
{ther-mah'-ee-no}
From G2329; to heat (oneself).
z5734
<5734> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 111
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on John 18:15-18.


John 18:18

_ _ And the servants and officers — the menials and some of the “band” that “took Jesus.” (Also see on Mark 14:54.)

_ _ stood there, who had made — “having made.”

_ _ a fire of coals, for it was cold, and they warmed themselves — “John alone notices the material (charcoal) of which the fire was made, and the reason for a fire — the coldness of the night” [Webster and Wilkinson]. “Peter went in and sat with the servants to see the end (Matthew 26:58), and warmed himself at the fire” (Mark 14:54). These two statements are extremely interesting. His wishing to “see the end,” of issue of these proceedings, was what led him into the palace, for he evidently feared the worst. But once in, the serpent coil is drawn closer; it is a cold night, and why should not he take advantage of the fire as well as others? Besides, in the talk of the crowd about the all-engrossing topic, he may pick up something which he would like to hear. “And as Peter was beneath in the palace” (Mark 14:66). Matthew (Matthew 26:69) says, “sat without in the palace.” According to Oriental architecture, and especially in large buildings, as here, the street door — or heavy folding gate through which single persons entered by a wicket kept by a porter — opened by a passage or “porch” (Mark 14:68) into a quadrangular court, here called the “palace” or hall, which was open above, and is frequently paved with flagstones. In the center of this court the “fire” would be kindled (in a brazier). At the upper end of it, probably, was the chamber in which the trial was held, open to the court and not far from the fire (Luke 22:61), but on a higher level; for Mark (Mark 14:66) says the court was “beneath” it. The ascent was, perhaps, by a short flight of steps. This explanation will make the intensely interesting details more intelligible.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 18:13-27.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
who:

John 18:25 And Simon Peter stood and warmed himself. They said therefore unto him, Art not thou also [one] of his disciples? He denied [it], and said, I am not.
Mark 14:54 And Peter followed him afar off, even into the palace of the high priest: and he sat with the servants, and warmed himself at the fire.
Luke 22:55-56 And when they had kindled a fire in the midst of the hall, and were set down together, Peter sat down among them. ... But a certain maid beheld him as he sat by the fire, and earnestly looked upon him, and said, This man was also with him.

for:

Luke 22:44 And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground.

Peter:

Genesis 49:6 O my soul, come not thou into their secret; unto their assembly, mine honour, be not thou united: for in their anger they slew a man, and in their selfwill they digged down a wall.
1 Kings 19:9 And he came thither unto a cave, and lodged there; and, behold, the word of the LORD [came] to him, and he said unto him, What doest thou here, Elijah?
Psalms 1:1 Blessed [is] the man that walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful.
Psalms 26:4-10 I have not sat with vain persons, neither will I go in with dissemblers. ... In whose hands [is] mischief, and their right hand is full of bribes.
Proverbs 13:20 He that walketh with wise [men] shall be wise: but a companion of fools shall be destroyed.
Acts 4:23 And being let go, they went to their own company, and reported all that the chief priests and elders had said unto them.
1 Corinthians 15:33 Be not deceived: evil communications corrupt good manners.
2 Corinthians 6:15-17 And what concord hath Christ with Belial? or what part hath he that believeth with an infidel? ... Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean [thing]; and I will receive you,
Ephesians 5:11-12 And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove [them]. ... For it is a shame even to speak of those things which are done of them in secret.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 49:6. 1K 19:9. Ps 1:1; 26:4. Pv 13:20. Mk 14:54. Lk 22:44, 55. Jn 18:25. Ac 4:23. 1Co 15:33. 2Co 6:15. Ep 5:11.

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