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John 16:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he, when he is come, will convict the world in respect of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “And He, when He comes, will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And having come, he will bring demonstration to the world, of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, having come, He, will reprove the world—Concerning sin, and concerning righteousness, and concerning judgment:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and having come, He will convict the world concerning sin, and concerning righteousness, and concerning judgment;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And when he is come, he will convince the world of sin and of justice and of judgment.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And when he is come, he will reproue the world of sinne, and of righteousnesse, and of iudgement.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And when he hath come, he will convict the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And when he is come, he will convict the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
when he x1565
(1565) Complement
ἐκεῖνος
ekeinos
{ek-i'-nos}
From G1563; that one (or [neuter] thing); often intensified by the article prefixed.
is come, 2064
{2064} Prime
ἔρχομαι
erchomai
{er'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb (used only in the present and imperfect tenses, the others being supplied by a kindred [middle voice] word, ἐλεύθομαι [[eleuthomai]], {el-yoo'-thom-ahee}; or [active] ἔλθω [[eltho]], {el'-tho}; which do not otherwise occur); to come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
he y1565
[1565] Standard
ἐκεῖνος
ekeinos
{ek-i'-nos}
From G1563; that one (or [neuter] thing); often intensified by the article prefixed.
will reprove 1651
{1651} Prime
ἐλέγχω
elegcho
{el-eng'-kho}
Of uncertain affinity; to confute, admonish.
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
world 2889
{2889} Prime
κόσμος
kosmos
{kos'-mos}
Probably from the base of G2865; orderly arrangement, that is, decoration; by implication the world (in a wide or narrow sense, including its inhabitants, literally or figuratively [morally]).
of 4012
{4012} Prime
περί
peri
{per-ee'}
From the base of G4008; properly through (all over), that is, around; figuratively with respect to; used in various applications, of place, cause or time (with the genitive case denoting the subject or occasion or superlative point; with the accusative case the locality, circuit, matter, circumstance or general period).
sin, 266
{0266} Prime
ἁμαρτία
hamartia
{ham-ar-tee'-ah}
From G0264; sin (properly abstract).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
of 4012
{4012} Prime
περί
peri
{per-ee'}
From the base of G4008; properly through (all over), that is, around; figuratively with respect to; used in various applications, of place, cause or time (with the genitive case denoting the subject or occasion or superlative point; with the accusative case the locality, circuit, matter, circumstance or general period).
righteousness, 1343
{1343} Prime
δικαιοσύνη
dikaiosune
{dik-ah-yos-oo'-nay}
From G1342; equity (of character or act); specifically (Christian) justification.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
of 4012
{4012} Prime
περί
peri
{per-ee'}
From the base of G4008; properly through (all over), that is, around; figuratively with respect to; used in various applications, of place, cause or time (with the genitive case denoting the subject or occasion or superlative point; with the accusative case the locality, circuit, matter, circumstance or general period).
judgment: 2920
{2920} Prime
κρίσις
krisis
{kree'-sis}
(Subjectively or objectively, for or against); by extension a tribunal; by implication justice (specifically divine law).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

John 16:8

_ _ And when he is come, he will, etc. — This is one of the passages most pregnant with thought in the profound discourses of Christ; with a few great strokes depicting all and every part of the ministry of the Holy Ghost in the world — His operation with reference to individuals as well as the mass, on believers and unbelievers alike [Olshausen].

_ _ he will reprove — This is too weak a word to express what is meant. Reproof is indeed implied in the term employed, and doubtless the word begins with it. But convict or convince is the thing intended; and as the one expresses the work of the Spirit on the unbelieving portion of mankind, and the other on the believing, it is better not to restrict it to either.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 16:7-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 16:8

He — Observe his twofold office; toward the world, John 16:8, &c; toward believers, John 16:12, &c: will convince — All of the world — Who do not obstinately resist, by your preaching and miracles, of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment — He who is convinced of sin either accepts the righteousness of Christ, or is judged with Satan. An abundant accomplishment of this we find in the Acts of the Apostles.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

John 16:8

(3) And when he is come, he will (a) reprove the (b) world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:

(3) The Spirit of God works so mightily by the preaching of the word that he forces the world, whether or not it wants to, to confess its own unrighteousness and Christ's righteousness and almightiness.

(a) He will so reprove the world, that those of the world will not be able to give any excuse.

(b) He refers to the time that followed his ascension, when as all those opposed were manifestly reproved, through the pouring out of the Holy Spirit upon the Church: so that the very enemies of Christ were reproved of sin, in that they were forced to confess that they were deceived, in that they believed not, and therefore they said to Peter in (Acts 2:37), "Men and brethren, what shall we do?"

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he will:

Zechariah 12:10 And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for [his] only [son], and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for [his] firstborn.
Acts 2:37 Now when they heard [this], they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter and to the rest of the apostles, Men [and] brethren, what shall we do?
Acts 16:29-30 Then he called for a light, and sprang in, and came trembling, and fell down before Paul and Silas, ... And brought them out, and said, Sirs, what must I do to be saved?

reprove:
or, convince,
John 8:9 And they which heard [it], being convicted by [their own] conscience, went out one by one, beginning at the eldest, [even] unto the last: and Jesus was left alone, and the woman standing in the midst.
John 8:46 Which of you convinceth me of sin? And if I say the truth, why do ye not believe me?
1 Corinthians 14:24 But if all prophesy, and there come in one that believeth not, or [one] unlearned, he is convinced of all, he is judged of all:
Jude 1:15 To execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed, and of all their hard [speeches] which ungodly sinners have spoken against him.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Zc 12:10. Jn 8:9, 46. Ac 2:37; 16:29. 1Co 14:24. Jde 1:15.

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