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John 16:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— of righteousness, because I go to the Father, and ye behold me no more;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Of righteousness, because I go to my Father, and ye see me no more;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and concerning righteousness, because I go to the Father and you no longer see Me;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Of righteousness, because I go to my Father, and ye see me no more;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— of righteousness, because I go away to [my] Father, and ye behold me no longer;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, concerning righteousness, because, unto the Father, I go my way, and, no longer, do ye behold me;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and concerning righteousness, because unto my Father I go away, and no more do ye behold me;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And of justice: because I go to the Father: and you shall see me no longer.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Of righteousnesse, because I goe to my Father, and ye see me no more.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— but of righteousness, because unto my Father I go, and you see me not again;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and of righteousness, because I go to my Father, and ye see me no more:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
(1161) Complement
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
Of 4012
{4012} Prime
From the base of G4008; properly through (all over), that is, around; figuratively with respect to; used in various applications, of place, cause or time (with the genitive case denoting the subject or occasion or superlative point; with the accusative case the locality, circuit, matter, circumstance or general period).
[1161] Standard
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
righteousness, 1343
{1343} Prime
From G1342; equity (of character or act); specifically (Christian) justification.
because 3754
{3754} Prime
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
I go 5217
{5217} Prime
From G5259 and G0071; to lead (oneself) under, that is, withdraw or retire (as if sinking out of sight), literally or figuratively.
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
to 4314
{4314} Prime
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
my 3450
{3450} Prime
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
Father, 3962
{3962} Prime
Apparently a primary word; a 'father' (literally or figuratively, near or more remote).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
ye see 2334
{2334} Prime
From a derivative of G2300 (perhaps by adverb of G3708); to be a spectator of, that is, discern, (literally, figuratively [experience] or intensively [acknowledge]).
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
me 3165
{3165} Prime
A shorter (and probably original) form of G1691; me.
no x3756
(3756) Complement
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
more; y3765
[3765] Standard
From G3756 and G2089; not yet, no longer.
(2089) Complement
Perhaps akin to G2094; 'yet', still (of time or degree).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

John 16:10

_ _ Of righteousness, because I go to my Father, and ye see me no more — Beyond doubt, it is Christ’s personal righteousness which the Spirit was to bring home to the sinner’s heart. The evidence of this was to lie in the great historical fact, that He had “gone to His Father and was no more visible to men”: — for if His claim to be the Son of God, the Savior of the world, had been a lie, how should the Father, who is “a jealous God,” have raised such a blasphemer from the dead and exalted him to His right hand? But if He was the “Faithful and True Witness,” the Father’s “Righteous Servant,” “His Elect, in whom His soul delighted,” then was His departure to the Father, and consequent disappearance from the view of men, but the fitting consummation, the august reward, of all that He did here below, the seal of His mission, the glorification of the testimony which He bore on earth, by the reception of its Bearer to the Father’s bosom. This triumphant vindication of Christ’s rectitude is to us divine evidence, bright as heaven, that He is indeed the Savior of the world, God’s Righteous Servant to justify many, because He bare their iniquities (Isaiah 53:11). Thus the Spirit, in this clause, is seen convincing men that there is in Christ perfect relief under the sense of sin of which He had before convinced them; and so far from mourning over His absence from us, as an irreparable loss, we learn to glory in it, as the evidence of His perfect acceptance on our behalf, exclaiming with one who understood this point, “Who shall lay anything to the charge of God’s elect? It is God that justifieth: Who is he that condemneth? It is Christ that died; yea, rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God,” etc. (Romans 8:33, Romans 8:34).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 16:7-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 16:10

Of righteousness, because I go to my Father — Which the Spirit will testify, though ye do not then see me. But I could not go to him if I were not righteous.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

John 16:10

Of (c) righteousness, because I go to my Father, and ye see me no more;

(c) Of Christ himself: for when the world will see that I have poured out the Holy Spirit they will be forced to confess that I was just, and was not condemned by my Father when I went out of this world.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Isaiah 42:21 The LORD is well pleased for his righteousness' sake; he will magnify the law, and make [it] honourable.
Isaiah 45:24-25 Surely, shall [one] say, in the LORD have I righteousness and strength: [even] to him shall [men] come; and all that are incensed against him shall be ashamed. ... In the LORD shall all the seed of Israel be justified, and shall glory.
Jeremiah 23:5-6 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. ... In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this [is] his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.
Daniel 9:24 Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.
Acts 2:32 This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses.
Romans 1:17 For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith.
Romans 3:21-26 But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets; ... To declare, [I say], at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.
Romans 5:17-21 For if by one man's offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.) ... That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.
Romans 8:33-34 Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God's elect? [It is] God that justifieth. ... Who [is] he that condemneth? [It is] Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us.
Romans 10:3-4 For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God. ... For Christ [is] the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth.
1 Corinthians 1:30 But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption:
1 Corinthians 15:14-20 And if Christ be not risen, then [is] our preaching vain, and your faith [is] also vain. ... But now is Christ risen from the dead, [and] become the firstfruits of them that slept.
2 Corinthians 5:21 For he hath made him [to be] sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.
Galatians 5:5 For we through the Spirit wait for the hope of righteousness by faith.
Philippians 3:7-9 But what things were gain to me, those I counted loss for Christ. ... And be found in him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith:
1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.
Hebrews 10:5-13 Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me: ... From henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his footstool.


John 3:14 And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up:
John 5:32 There is another that beareth witness of me; and I know that the witness which he witnesseth of me is true.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Is 42:21; 45:24. Jr 23:5. Dn 9:24. Jn 3:14; 5:32. Ac 2:32. Ro 1:17; 3:21; 5:17; 8:33; 10:3. 1Co 1:30; 15:14. 2Co 5:21. Ga 5:5. Php 3:7. 1Ti 3:16. He 10:5.

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