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John 13:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Jesus saith to him, He that is bathed needeth not save to wash his feet, but is clean every whit: and ye are clean, but not all.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Jesus saith to him, He that is washed needeth not save to wash [his] feet, but is clean every whit: and ye are clean, but not all.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Jesus *said to him, “He who has bathed needs only to wash his feet, but is completely clean; and you are clean, but not all [of you].”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Jesus saith to him, He that is washed needeth not save to wash [his] feet, but is wholly clean: and ye are clean, but not all.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Jesus says to him, He that is washed all over needs not to wash save his feet, but is wholly clean; and ye are clean, but not all.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Jesus saith unto him—He that hath bathed himself, hath no need [save as to the feet] to get washed; but is pure, as a whole. And, ye, are, pure, but not ye, all.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Jesus saith to him, 'He who hath been bathed hath no need save to wash his feet, but he is clean altogether; and ye are clean, but not all;'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Jesus saith to him: He that is washed needeth not but to wash his feet, but is clean wholly. And you are clean, but not all.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Iesus saith to him, He that is washed, needeth not, saue to wash his feet, but is cleane euery whit: and ye are cleane, but not all.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Jeshu saith, He that hath bathed needeth not but his feet only to wash, for all of him he hath cleansed: also you are clean, but not all of you.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Jesus said to him: He that hath bathed, needeth not but to wash his feet; for he is all clean. And ye also are clean; but not all of you.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
saith 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
to him, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
He that is washed 3068
{3068} Prime
λούω
louo
{loo'-o}
A primary verb; to bathe (the whole person; whereas G3538 means to wet a part only, and G4150 to wash, cleanse garments exclusively).
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
needeth 5532
{5532} Prime
χρεία
chreia
{khri'-ah}
From the base of G5530 or G5534; employment, that is, an affair; also (by implication) occasion, demand, requirement or destitution.
x2192
(2192) Complement
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
y2192
[2192] Standard
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
save 2228
{2228} Prime

e
{ay}
A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.
to wash 3538
{3538} Prime
νίπτω
nipto
{nip'-to}
To cleanse (especially the hands or the feet or the face); ceremonially to perform ablution.
z5670
<5670> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 29
[his] feet, 4228
{4228} Prime
πούς
pous
{pooce}
A primary word; a 'foot' (figuratively or literally).
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
clean 2513
{2513} Prime
καθαρός
katharos
{kath-ar-os'}
Of uncertain affinity; clean (literally or figuratively).
every whit: 3650
{3650} Prime
ὅλος
holos
{hol'-os}
A primary word; 'whole' or 'all', that is, complete (in extent, amount, time or degree), especially (neuter) as noun or adverb.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
ye 5210
{5210} Prime
ὑμεῖς
humeis
{hoo-mice'}
Irregular plural of G4771; you (as subject of verb).
are 2075
{2075} Prime
ἐστέ
este
{es-teh'}
Second person plural present indicative of G1510; ye are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
clean, 2513
{2513} Prime
καθαρός
katharos
{kath-ar-os'}
Of uncertain affinity; clean (literally or figuratively).
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
not 3780
{3780} Prime
οὐχί
ouchi
{oo-khee'}
Intensive of G3756; not indeed.
all. 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on John 13:6-11.


John 13:10

_ _ He that is washed — in this thorough sense, to express which the word is carefully changed to one meaning to wash as in a bath.

_ _ needeth not — to be so washed any more.

_ _ save to wash his feet — needeth to do no more than wash his feet (and here the former word is resumed, meaning to wash the hands or feet).

_ _ but is clean every whit — as a whole. This sentence is singularly instructive. Of the two cleansings, the one points to that which takes place at the commencement of the Christian life, embracing complete absolution from sin as a guilty state, and entire deliverance from it as a polluted life (Revelation 1:5; 1 Corinthians 6:11) — or, in the language of theology, Justification and Regeneration. This cleansing is effected once for all, and is never repeated. The other cleansing, described as that of “the feet,” is such as one walking from a bath quite cleansed still needs, in consequence of his contact with the earth. (Compare Exodus 30:18, Exodus 30:19). It is the daily cleansing which we are taught to seek, when in the spirit of adoption we say, “Our Father which art in heaven ... forgive us our debts” (Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:12); and, when burdened with the sense of manifold shortcomings — as what tender spirit of a Christian is not? — is it not a relief to be permitted thus to wash our feet after a day’s contact with the earth? This is not to call in question the completeness of our past justification. Our Lord, while graciously insisting on washing Peter’s feet, refuses to extend the cleansing farther, that the symbolical instruction intended to be conveyed might not be marred.

_ _ and ye are clean — in the first and whole sense.

_ _ but not all — important, as showing that Judas, instead of being as true-hearted a disciple as the rest at first, and merely falling away afterwards — as many represent it — never experienced that cleansing at all which made the others what they were.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 13:1-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 13:10

And so ye, having been already cleansed, need only to wash your feet — That is, to walk holy and undefiled.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
He:

Leviticus 16:26 And he that let go the goat for the scapegoat shall wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh in water, and afterward come into the camp.
Leviticus 16:28 And he that burneth them shall wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh in water, and afterward he shall come into the camp.
Leviticus 17:15-16 And every soul that eateth that which died [of itself], or that which was torn [with beasts, whether it be] one of your own country, or a stranger, he shall both wash his clothes, and bathe [himself] in water, and be unclean until the even: then shall he be clean. ... But if he wash [them] not, nor bathe his flesh; then he shall bear his iniquity.
Numbers 19:7-8 Then the priest shall wash his clothes, and he shall bathe his flesh in water, and afterward he shall come into the camp, and the priest shall be unclean until the even. ... And he that burneth her shall wash his clothes in water, and bathe his flesh in water, and shall be unclean until the even.
Numbers 19:12-13 He shall purify himself with it on the third day, and on the seventh day he shall be clean: but if he purify not himself the third day, then the seventh day he shall not be clean. ... Whosoever toucheth the dead body of any man that is dead, and purifieth not himself, defileth the tabernacle of the LORD; and that soul shall be cut off from Israel: because the water of separation was not sprinkled upon him, he shall be unclean; his uncleanness [is] yet upon him.
Numbers 19:19-21 And the clean [person] shall sprinkle upon the unclean on the third day, and on the seventh day: and on the seventh day he shall purify himself, and wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and shall be clean at even. ... And it shall be a perpetual statute unto them, that he that sprinkleth the water of separation shall wash his clothes; and he that toucheth the water of separation shall be unclean until even.
Hebrews 9:10 [Which stood] only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed [on them] until the time of reformation.
*Gr.

needeth:

Ecclesiastes 7:20 For [there is] not a just man upon earth, that doeth good, and sinneth not.
Matthew 6:12 And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors.
Romans 7:20-23 Now if I do that I would not, it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me. ... But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members.
2 Corinthians 7:1 Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God.
Ephesians 4:22-24 That ye put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts; ... And that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness.
Ephesians 5:26-27 That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word, ... That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish.
1 Thessalonians 5:23 And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and [I pray God] your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.
James 3:2 For in many things we offend all. If any man offend not in word, the same [is] a perfect man, [and] able also to bridle the whole body.
1 John 1:7-10 But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin. ... If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us.

but:

Song of Songs 4:7 Thou [art] all fair, my love; [there is] no spot in thee.
Jeremiah 50:20 In those days, and in that time, saith the LORD, the iniquity of Israel shall be sought for, and [there shall be] none; and the sins of Judah, and they shall not be found: for I will pardon them whom I reserve.
2 Corinthians 5:17 Therefore if any man [be] in Christ, [he is] a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.
2 Corinthians 5:21 For he hath made him [to be] sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.

ye:

John 15:3 Now ye are clean through the word which I have spoken unto you.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 16:26, 28; 17:15. Nu 19:7, 12, 19. Ec 7:20. So 4:7. Jr 50:20. Mt 6:12. Jn 15:3. Ro 7:20. 2Co 5:17, 21; 7:1. Ep 4:22; 5:26. 1Th 5:23. He 9:10. Jm 3:2. 1Jn 1:7.

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