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John 12:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred shillings, and given to the poor?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred pence, and given to the poor?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Why was this perfume not sold for three hundred denarii and given to poor [people]?”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred pence, and given to the poor?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Why was this ointment not sold for three hundred denarii and given to the poor?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Why was, this perfume, not sold for three hundred denaries, and given unto the destitute?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Wherefore was not this ointment sold for three hundred denaries, and given to the poor?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred pence and given to the poor?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred pence, and giuen to the poore?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred dinoreen, and given to the poor?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred denarii, and given to the poor?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Why 1302
{1302} Prime
διατί
diati
{dee-at-ee'}
From G1223 and G5101; through what cause?, that is, why?.
was y4097
[4097] Standard
πιπράσκω
piprasko
{pip-ras'-ko}
The first is a reduplicated and prolonged form of the second (which occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses); contracted from περάω [[perao]] (to traverse; from the base of G4008); to traffic (by travelling), that is, dispose of as merchandise or into slavery (literally or figuratively).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
this 5124
{5124} Prime
τοῦτο
touto
{too'-to}
Neuter, singular, nomitive or accusative of G3778; that thing.
ointment 3464
{3464} Prime
μύρον
muron
{moo'-ron}
Probably of foreign origin (compare [H4753] and G4666); 'myrrh', that is, (by implication) perfumed oil.
sold 4097
{4097} Prime
πιπράσκω
piprasko
{pip-ras'-ko}
The first is a reduplicated and prolonged form of the second (which occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses); contracted from περάω [[perao]] (to traverse; from the base of G4008); to traffic (by travelling), that is, dispose of as merchandise or into slavery (literally or figuratively).
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
for three hundred 5145
{5145} Prime
τριακόσιοι
triakosioi
{tree-ak-os'-ee-oy}
Plural from G5140 and G1540; three hundred.
pence, 1220
{1220} Prime
δηνάριον
denarion
{day-nar'-ee-on}
Of Latin origin; a denarius (or ten asses).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
given 1325
{1325} Prime
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
to the poor? 4434
{4434} Prime
πτωχός
ptochos
{pto-khos'}
From πτώσσω [[ptosso]] (to crouch; akin to G4422 and the alternate of G4098); a beggar (as cringing), that is, pauper (strictly denoting absolute or public mendicancy, although also used in a qualified or relative sense; whereas G3993 properly means only straitened circumstances in private), literally (often as noun) or figuratively (distressed).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on John 12:1-8.


John 12:5

_ _ three hundred pence — between nine and ten pounds sterling.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 12:1-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

John 12:5

(1) Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred pence, and given to the poor?

(1) A horrible example in Judas of a mind blinded with covetousness, and yet pretending godliness.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
was:

Exodus 5:8 And the tale of the bricks, which they did make heretofore, ye shall lay upon them; ye shall not diminish [ought] thereof: for they [be] idle; therefore they cry, saying, Let us go [and] sacrifice to our God.
Exodus 5:17 But he said, Ye [are] idle, [ye are] idle: therefore ye say, Let us go [and] do sacrifice to the LORD.
Amos 8:5 Saying, When will the new moon be gone, that we may sell corn? and the sabbath, that we may set forth wheat, making the ephah small, and the shekel great, and falsifying the balances by deceit?
Malachi 1:10-13 Who [is there] even among you that would shut the doors [for nought]? neither do ye kindle [fire] on mine altar for nought. I have no pleasure in you, saith the LORD of hosts, neither will I accept an offering at your hand. ... Ye said also, Behold, what a weariness [is it]! and ye have snuffed at it, saith the LORD of hosts; and ye brought [that which was] torn, and the lame, and the sick; thus ye brought an offering: should I accept this of your hand? saith the LORD.
Matthew 26:8 But when his disciples saw [it], they had indignation, saying, To what purpose [is] this waste?
Mark 14:4 And there were some that had indignation within themselves, and said, Why was this waste of the ointment made?
Luke 6:41 And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother's eye, but perceivest not the beam that is in thine own eye?

three hundred:

John 6:7 Philip answered him, Two hundred pennyworth of bread is not sufficient for them, that every one of them may take a little.
Matthew 20:2 And when he had agreed with the labourers for a penny a day, he sent them into his vineyard.
*marg.
Mark 14:5 For it might have been sold for more than three hundred pence, and have been given to the poor. And they murmured against her.

and given:

Matthew 26:9 For this ointment might have been sold for much, and given to the poor.
Luke 12:33 Sell that ye have, and give alms; provide yourselves bags which wax not old, a treasure in the heavens that faileth not, where no thief approacheth, neither moth corrupteth.
Luke 18:22 Now when Jesus heard these things, he said unto him, Yet lackest thou one thing: sell all that thou hast, and distribute unto the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come, follow me.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 5:8, 17. Am 8:5. Mal 1:10. Mt 20:2; 26:8, 9. Mk 14:4, 5. Lk 6:41; 12:33; 18:22. Jn 6:7.

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