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John 12:39 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For this cause they could not believe, for that Isaiah said again,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Therefore they could not believe, because that Esaias said again,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For this reason they could not believe, for Isaiah said again,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Therefore they could not believe, because that Isaiah said again,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— On this account they could not believe, because Esaias said again,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— On this account, they could not believe, because, again, said Isaiah—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Because of this they were not able to believe, that again Isaiah said,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Therefore they could not believe, because Isaias said again:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Therefore they could not beleeue, because that Esaias said againe,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Because of this they were not able to believe: Wherefore again Eshaia had said,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For this reason they could not believe, because Isaiah said again:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Therefore 5124
{5124} Prime
τοῦτο
touto
{too'-to}
Neuter, singular, nomitive or accusative of G3778; that thing.
1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
they could 1410
{1410} Prime
δύναμαι
dunamai
{doo'-nam-ahee}
Of uncertain affinity; to be able or possible.
z5711
<5711> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 184
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
believe, 4100
{4100} Prime
πιστεύω
pisteuo
{pist-yoo'-o}
From G4102; to have faith (in, upon, or with respect to, a person or thing), that is, credit; by implication to entrust (especially one's spiritual well being to Christ).
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
because 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
that Esaias 2268
{2268} Prime
Ἠσαΐας
Hesaias
{hay-sah-ee'-as}
Of Hebrew origin [H3470]; Hesaias (that is, Jeshajah), an Israelite.
said 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
again, 3825
{3825} Prime
πάλιν
palin
{pal'-in}
Probably from the same as G3823 (through the idea of oscillatory repetition); (adverbially) anew, that is, (of place) back, (of time) once more, or (conjugationally) furthermore or on the other hand.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on John 12:37-41.


John 12:39-40

_ _ Therefore they could not believe, because Esaias said again, He hath blinded their eyes, that they should not see, etc. — That this expresses a positive divine act, by which those who willfully close their eyes and harden their hearts against the truth are judicially shut up in their unbelief and impenitence, is admitted by all candid critics [as Olshausen], though many of them think it necessary to contend that this is in no way inconsistent with the liberty of the human will, which of course it is not.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 12:37-41.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 12:39

Therefore now they could not believe — That is, by the just judgment of God, for their obstinacy and wilful resistance of the truth, they were at length so left to the hardness of their hearts, that neither the miracles nor doctrines of our Lord could make any impression upon them.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
they:

John 5:44 How can ye believe, which receive honour one of another, and seek not the honour that [cometh] from God only?
John 6:44 No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day.
John 10:38 But if I do, though ye believe not me, believe the works: that ye may know, and believe, that the Father [is] in me, and I in him.
Isaiah 44:18-20 They have not known nor understood: for he hath shut their eyes, that they cannot see; [and] their hearts, that they cannot understand. ... He feedeth on ashes: a deceived heart hath turned him aside, that he cannot deliver his soul, nor say, [Is there] not a lie in my right hand?
2 Peter 2:14 Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children:

because:

Isaiah 6:9-10 And he said, Go, and tell this people, Hear ye indeed, but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not. ... Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Is 6:9; 44:18. Jn 5:44; 6:44; 10:38. 2P 2:14.

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