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John 12:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— So they made him a supper there: and Martha served; but Lazarus was one of them that sat at meat with him.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— There they made him a supper; and Martha served: but Lazarus was one of them that sat at the table with him.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So they made Him a supper there, and Martha was serving; but Lazarus was one of those reclining [at the table] with Him.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— There they made him a supper; and Martha served: but Lazarus was one of them that sat at the table with him.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— There therefore they made him a supper, and Martha served, but Lazarus was one of those at table with him.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So they made for him a supper, there; and, Martha, was ministering, but, Lazarus, was one of them who were reclining with him.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— they made, therefore, to him a supper there, and Martha was ministering, and Lazarus was one of those reclining together (at meat) with him;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And they made him a supper there: and Martha served. But Lazarus was one of them that were at table with him.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— There they made him a supper, and Martha serued: but Lazarus was one of them that sate at the table with him.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And they made him there a supper and Martha served, and Loozar was one of those who reclined with him.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And they made a supper for him there: and Martha served, and Lazarus was one of the guests with him.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
x3767
(3767) Complement
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
There 1563
{1563} Prime
ἐκεῖ
ekei
{ek-i'}
Of uncertain affinity; there; by extension thither.
y3767
[3767] Standard
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
they made 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
him y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x4160
(4160) Complement
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
a supper; 1173
{1173} Prime
δεῖπνον
deipnon
{dipe'-non}
From the same as G1160; dinner, that is, the chief meal (usually in the evening).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
Martha 3136
{3136} Prime
Μάρθα
Martha
{mar'-thah}
Probably of Chaldee origin (meaning mistress); Martha, a Christian woman.
served: 1247
{1247} Prime
διακονέω
diakoneo
{dee-ak-on-eh'-o}
From G1249; to be an attendant, that is, wait upon (menially or as a host, friend or [figuratively] teacher); technically to act as a Christian deacon.
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
but 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
Lazarus 2976
{2976} Prime
Λάζαρος
Lazaros
{lad'-zar-os}
Probably of Hebrew origin [H0499]; Lazarus (that is, Elazar), the name of two Israelites (one imaginary).
was 2258
{2258} Prime
ἦν
en
{ane}
Imperfect of G1510; I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were).
z5713
<5713> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 532
one 1520
{1520} Prime
εἷς
heis
{hice}
(Including the neuter [etc.] ἕν [[hen]]); a primary numeral; one.
of them that sat at the table y4873
[4873] Standard
συνανάκειμαι
sunanakeimai
{soon-an-ak'-i-mahee}
From G4862 and G0345; to recline in company with (at a meal).
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
with x4873
(4873) Complement
συνανάκειμαι
sunanakeimai
{soon-an-ak'-i-mahee}
From G4862 and G0345; to recline in company with (at a meal).
him. 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on John 12:1-8.


John 12:2

_ _ Martha served — This, with what is afterwards said of Mary’s way of honoring her Lord, is so true to the character in which those two women appear in Luke 10:38-42, as to constitute one of the strongest and most delightful confirmations of the truth of both narratives. (See also on John 11:20).

_ _ Lazarus ... sat at the table — “Between the raised Lazarus and the healed leper (Simon, Mark 14:3), the Lord probably sits as between two trophies of His glory” [Stier].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 12:1-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 12:2

It seems Martha was a person of some figure, from the great respect which was paid to her and her sister, in visits and condolences on Lazarus's death, as well as from the costly ointment mentioned in the next verse. And probably it was at their house our Lord and his disciples lodged, when he returned from Jerusalem to Bethany, every evening of the last week of his life, upon which he was now entered.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
they made:

Song of Songs 4:16 Awake, O north wind; and come, thou south; blow upon my garden, [that] the spices thereof may flow out. Let my beloved come into his garden, and eat his pleasant fruits.
Song of Songs 5:1 I am come into my garden, my sister, [my] spouse: I have gathered my myrrh with my spice; I have eaten my honeycomb with my honey; I have drunk my wine with my milk: eat, O friends; drink, yea, drink abundantly, O beloved.
Luke 5:29 And Levi made him a great feast in his own house: and there was a great company of publicans and of others that sat down with them.
Luke 14:12 Then said he also to him that bade him, When thou makest a dinner or a supper, call not thy friends, nor thy brethren, neither thy kinsmen, nor [thy] rich neighbours; lest they also bid thee again, and a recompence be made thee.
Revelation 3:20 Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me.

Martha:

Matthew 26:6 Now when Jesus was in Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper,
Mark 14:3 And being in Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, as he sat at meat, there came a woman having an alabaster box of ointment of spikenard very precious; and she brake the box, and poured [it] on his head.
Luke 10:38-42 Now it came to pass, as they went, that he entered into a certain village: and a certain woman named Martha received him into her house. ... But one thing is needful: and Mary hath chosen that good part, which shall not be taken away from her.
Luke 12:37 Blessed [are] those servants, whom the lord when he cometh shall find watching: verily I say unto you, that he shall gird himself, and make them to sit down to meat, and will come forth and serve them.
Luke 22:27 For whether [is] greater, he that sitteth at meat, or he that serveth? [is] not he that sitteth at meat? but I am among you as he that serveth.

Lazarus:

John 12:9-10 Much people of the Jews therefore knew that he was there: and they came not for Jesus' sake only, but that they might see Lazarus also, whom he had raised from the dead. ... But the chief priests consulted that they might put Lazarus also to death;
John 11:43-44 And when he thus had spoken, he cried with a loud voice, Lazarus, come forth. ... And he that was dead came forth, bound hand and foot with graveclothes: and his face was bound about with a napkin. Jesus saith unto them, Loose him, and let him go.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

So 4:16; 5:1. Mt 26:6. Mk 14:3. Lk 5:29; 10:38; 12:37; 14:12; 22:27. Jn 11:43; 12:9. Rv 3:20.

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