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John 10:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— All that came before me are thieves and robbers: but the sheep did not hear them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— All that ever came before me are thieves and robbers: but the sheep did not hear them.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “All who came before Me are thieves and robbers, but the sheep did not hear them.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— All that ever came before me are thieves and robbers: but the sheep did not hear them.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— All whoever came before me are thieves and robbers; but the sheep did not hear them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— All, as many as came before me, are thieves, and, robbers: but the sheep hearkened nor unto them.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— all, as many as came before me, are thieves and robbers, but the sheep did not hear them;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— All others, as many as have come, are thieves and robbers: and the sheep heard them not.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— All that euer came before me, are theeues and robbers: but the sheepe did not heare them.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and all those who have come were thieves and robbers, but the flock heard them not.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— All those who have come, were thieves and robbers: but the flock did not hear them.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
All 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
that x3745
(3745) Complement
ὅσος
hosos
{hos'-os}
By reduplication from G3739; as (much, great, long, etc.) as.
ever y3745
[3745] Standard
ὅσος
hosos
{hos'-os}
By reduplication from G3739; as (much, great, long, etc.) as.
came 2064
{2064} Prime
ἔρχομαι
erchomai
{er'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb (used only in the present and imperfect tenses, the others being supplied by a kindred [middle voice] word, ἐλεύθομαι [[eleuthomai]], {el-yoo'-thom-ahee}; or [active] ἔλθω [[eltho]], {el'-tho}; which do not otherwise occur); to come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
before 4253
{4253} Prime
πρό
pro
{pro}
A primary preposition; 'fore', that is, in front of, prior (figuratively superior) to. In compounds it retains the same significations.
me 1700
{1700} Prime
ἐμοῦ
emou
{em-oo'}
A prolonged form of G3449; of me.
are 1526
{1526} Prime
εἰσί
eisi
{i-see'}
Third person plural present indicative of G1510; they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
thieves 2812
{2812} Prime
κλέπτης
kleptes
{klep'-tace}
From G2813; a stealer (literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
robbers: 3027
{3027} Prime
λῃστής
lestes
{lace-tace'}
From ληΐζομαι [[leizomai]] (to 'plunder'); a brigand.
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
sheep 4263
{4263} Prime
πρόβατον
probaton
{prob'-at-on}
Properly the neuter of a presumed derivative of G4260; something that walks forward (a quadruped), that is, (specifically) a sheep (literally or figuratively).
did y191
[0191] Standard
ἀκούω
akouo
{ak-oo'-o}
A primary verb; to hear (in various senses).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
hear 191
{0191} Prime
ἀκούω
akouo
{ak-oo'-o}
A primary verb; to hear (in various senses).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
them. 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on John 10:7-14.


John 10:8

_ _ All that ever came before me — the false prophets; not as claiming the prerogatives of Messiah, but as perverters of the people from the way of life, all pointing to Him [Olshausen].

_ _ the sheep did not hear them — the instinct of their divinely taught hearts preserving them from seducers, and attaching them to the heaven-sent prophets, of whom it is said that “the Spirit of Christ was in them” (1 Peter 1:11).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 10:1-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 10:8

Whosoever are come — Independently of me, assuming any part of my character, pretending, like your elders and rabbis, to a power over the consciences of men, attempting to make laws in the Church, and to teach their own traditions as the way of salvation: all those prophets and expounders of God's word, that enter not by the door of the sheepfold, but run before I have sent them by my Spirit. Our Lord seems in particular to speak of those that had undertaken this office since he began his ministry, are thieves — Stealing temporal profit to themselves, and robbers — Plundering and murdering the sheep.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

John 10:8

(2) All that (c) ever came before me are thieves and robbers: but the sheep did not hear them.

(2) It does not matter how many false teachers there have been, neither how old they have been.

(c) These terms must be applied to the matter he speaks of. And therefore when he calls himself the door, he calls all those thieves and robbers who take upon themselves this name of "door", which none of the prophets can do, for they showed the sheep that Christ was the door.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
came:

John 10:1 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that entereth not by the door into the sheepfold, but climbeth up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber.
Isaiah 56:10-12 His watchmen [are] blind: they are all ignorant, they [are] all dumb dogs, they cannot bark; sleeping, lying down, loving to slumber. ... Come ye, [say they], I will fetch wine, and we will fill ourselves with strong drink; and to morrow shall be as this day, [and] much more abundant.
Ezekiel 22:25-28 [There is] a conspiracy of her prophets in the midst thereof, like a roaring lion ravening the prey; they have devoured souls; they have taken the treasure and precious things; they have made her many widows in the midst thereof. ... And her prophets have daubed them with untempered [morter], seeing vanity, and divining lies unto them, saying, Thus saith the Lord GOD, when the LORD hath not spoken.
Ezekiel 34:2 Son of man, prophesy against the shepherds of Israel, prophesy, and say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD unto the shepherds; Woe [be] to the shepherds of Israel that do feed themselves! should not the shepherds feed the flocks?
Zephaniah 3:3 Her princes within her [are] roaring lions; her judges [are] evening wolves; they gnaw not the bones till the morrow.
Zechariah 11:4-9 Thus saith the LORD my God; Feed the flock of the slaughter; ... Then said I, I will not feed you: that that dieth, let it die; and that that is to be cut off, let it be cut off; and let the rest eat every one the flesh of another.
Zechariah 11:16 For, lo, I will raise up a shepherd in the land, [which] shall not visit those that be cut off, neither shall seek the young one, nor heal that that is broken, nor feed that that standeth still: but he shall eat the flesh of the fat, and tear their claws in pieces.
Acts 5:36 For before these days rose up Theudas, boasting himself to be somebody; to whom a number of men, about four hundred, joined themselves: who was slain; and all, as many as obeyed him, were scattered, and brought to nought.

but:

John 10:5 And a stranger will they not follow, but will flee from him: for they know not the voice of strangers.
John 10:27 My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Is 56:10. Ezk 22:25; 34:2. Zp 3:3. Zc 11:4, 16. Jn 10:1, 5, 27. Ac 5:36.

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