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John 10:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— This parable spake Jesus unto them: but they understood not what things they were which he spake unto them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— This parable spake Jesus unto them: but they understood not what things they were which he spake unto them.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— This figure of speech Jesus spoke to them, but they did not understand what those things were which He had been saying to them.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— This parable spoke Jesus to them: but they understood not what things they were which he spoke to them.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— This allegory spoke Jesus to them, but they did not know what it was [of] which he spoke to them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— This similitude, spake Jesus unto them; but, those men, understood not what the things were which he was speaking unto them.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— This similitude spake Jesus to them, and they knew not what the things were that he was speaking to them;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— This proverb Jesus spoke to them. But they understood not what he spoke.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— This parable spake Iesus vnto them: but they vnderstood not what things they were which he spake vnto them.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— This parable spake Jeshu to them, but they knew not what he said with them.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— This allegory spake Jesus to them; but they knew not what he said to them.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
This 5026
{5026} Prime
ταύτῃ
taute
{tow'-tay}
Dative, accusative and genitive case respectively of the feminine singular of G3778; (towards or of) this.
parable 3942
{3942} Prime
παροιμία
paroimia
{par-oy-mee'-ah}
From a compound of G3844 and perhaps a derivative of G3633; apparently a state alongside of supposition, that is, (concretely) an adage; specifically an enigmatical or fictitious illustration.
spake 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
unto them: 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
but 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
they 1565
{1565} Prime
ἐκεῖνος
ekeinos
{ek-i'-nos}
From G1563; that one (or [neuter] thing); often intensified by the article prefixed.
understood 1097
{1097} Prime
γινώσκω
ginosko
{ghin-oce'-ko}
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to 'know' (absolutely), in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as shown at left, with others not thus clearly expressed).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
what things 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
they were 2258
{2258} Prime
ἦν
en
{ane}
Imperfect of G1510; I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were).
z5713
<5713> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 532
which 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
he spake 2980
{2980} Prime
λαλέω
laleo
{lal-eh'-o}
A prolonged form of an otherwise obsolete verb; to talk, that is, utter words.
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
unto them. 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 10:1-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 10:6

They — The Pharisees, to whom our Lord more immediately spake, as appears from the close of the foregoing chapter.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

John 10:6

This (b) parable spake Jesus unto them: but they understood not what things they were which he spake unto them.

(b) This word "parable", which the evangelist uses here, signifies a hidden type of speech, when words are not used with their natural meaning, but are used to signify another thing to us.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
they understood not:

John 6:52 The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying, How can this man give us [his] flesh to eat?
John 6:60 Many therefore of his disciples, when they had heard [this], said, This is an hard saying; who can hear it?
John 7:36 What [manner of] saying is this that he said, Ye shall seek me, and shall not find [me]: and where I am, [thither] ye cannot come?
John 8:27 They understood not that he spake to them of the Father.
John 8:43 Why do ye not understand my speech? [even] because ye cannot hear my word.
Psalms 82:5 They know not, neither will they understand; they walk on in darkness: all the foundations of the earth are out of course.
Psalms 106:7 Our fathers understood not thy wonders in Egypt; they remembered not the multitude of thy mercies; but provoked [him] at the sea, [even] at the Red sea.
Proverbs 28:5 Evil men understand not judgment: but they that seek the LORD understand all [things].
Isaiah 6:9-10 And he said, Go, and tell this people, Hear ye indeed, but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not. ... Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed.
Isaiah 56:11 Yea, [they are] greedy dogs [which] can never have enough, and they [are] shepherds [that] cannot understand: they all look to their own way, every one for his gain, from his quarter.
Daniel 12:10 Many shall be purified, and made white, and tried; but the wicked shall do wickedly: and none of the wicked shall understand; but the wise shall understand.
Matthew 13:13-14 Therefore speak I to them in parables: because they seeing see not; and hearing they hear not, neither do they understand. ... And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Esaias, which saith, By hearing ye shall hear, and shall not understand; and seeing ye shall see, and shall not perceive:
Matthew 13:51 Jesus saith unto them, Have ye understood all these things? They say unto him, Yea, Lord.
1 Corinthians 2:14 But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know [them], because they are spiritually discerned.
1 John 5:20 And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, [even] in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 82:5; 106:7. Pv 28:5. Is 6:9; 56:11. Dn 12:10. Mt 13:13, 51. Jn 6:52, 60; 7:36; 8:27, 43. 1Co 2:14. 1Jn 5:20.

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