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John 10:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— When he hath put forth all his own, he goeth before them, and the sheep follow him: for they know his voice.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And when he putteth forth his own sheep, he goeth before them, and the sheep follow him: for they know his voice.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “When he puts forth all his own, he goes ahead of them, and the sheep follow him because they know his voice.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And when he putteth forth his own sheep, he goeth before them, and the sheep follow him: for they know his voice.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— When he has put forth all his own, he goes before them, and the sheep follow him, because they know his voice.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— As soon as, all his own, he hath put forth, before them, he moveth on, and, the sheep, follow him, because they know his voice;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and when his own sheep he may put forth, before them he goeth on, and the sheep follow him, because they have known his voice;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And when he hath let out his own sheep, he goeth before them: and the sheep follow him, because they know his voice.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And when he putteth foorth his owne sheepe, he goeth before them, and the sheepe follow him: for they know his voyce.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and when his flock hath gone forth, he goeth before it, and his sheep follow him, because they know his voice.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And when he hath led out his flock, he goeth before it; and his sheep follow him, because they know his voice.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
when 3752
{3752} Prime
ὅταν
hotan
{hot'-an}
From G3753 and G0302; whenever (implying hypothesis or more or less uncertainty); also causative (conjugationally) inasmuch as.
he putteth forth 1544
{1544} Prime
ἐκβάλλω
ekballo
{ek-bal'-lo}
From G1537 and G0906; to eject (literally or figuratively).
z5632
<5632> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 449
his own 2398
{2398} Prime
ἴδιος
idios
{id'-ee-os}
Of uncertain affinity; pertaining to self, that is, one's own; by implication private or separate.
sheep, 4263
{4263} Prime
πρόβατον
probaton
{prob'-at-on}
Properly the neuter of a presumed derivative of G4260; something that walks forward (a quadruped), that is, (specifically) a sheep (literally or figuratively).
he goeth 4198
{4198} Prime
πορεύομαι
poreuomai
{por-yoo'-om-ahee}
Middle voice from a derivative of the same as G3984; to traverse, that is, travel (literally or figuratively; especially to remove [figuratively die], live, etc.).
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
before 1715
{1715} Prime
ἔμπροσθεν
emprosthen
{em'-pros-then}
From G1722 and G4314; in front of (in place [literally or figuratively] or time).
them, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
sheep 4263
{4263} Prime
πρόβατον
probaton
{prob'-at-on}
Properly the neuter of a presumed derivative of G4260; something that walks forward (a quadruped), that is, (specifically) a sheep (literally or figuratively).
follow 190
{0190} Prime
ἀκολουθέω
akoloutheo
{ak-ol-oo-theh'-o}
From G0001 (as a particle of union) and κέλευθος [[keleuthos]] (a road); properly to be in the same way with, that is, to accompany (specifically as a disciple).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
him: 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
for 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
they know 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
his 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
voice. 5456
{5456} Prime
φωνή
phone
{fo-nay'}
Probably akin to G5316 through the idea of disclosure; a tone (articulate, bestial or artificial); by implication an address (for any purpose), saying or language.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 10:1-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 10:4

He goeth before them — In all the ways of God, teaching them in every point, by example as well as by precept; and the sheep follow him — They tread in his steps: for they know his voice — Having the witness in themselves that his words are the wisdom and the power of God. Reader, art thou a shepherd of souls? Then answer to God. Is it thus with thee and thy flock?

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he goeth:

John 12:26 If any man serve me, let him follow me; and where I am, there shall also my servant be: if any man serve me, him will [my] Father honour.
John 13:15 For I have given you an example, that ye should do as I have done to you.
John 14:2-3 In my Father's house are many mansions: if [it were] not [so], I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. ... And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, [there] ye may be also.
Deuteronomy 1:30 The LORD your God which goeth before you, he shall fight for you, according to all that he did for you in Egypt before your eyes;
Micah 2:12-13 I will surely assemble, O Jacob, all of thee; I will surely gather the remnant of Israel; I will put them together as the sheep of Bozrah, as the flock in the midst of their fold: they shall make great noise by reason of [the multitude of] men. ... The breaker is come up before them: they have broken up, and have passed through the gate, and are gone out by it: and their king shall pass before them, and the LORD on the head of them.
Matthew 16:24 Then said Jesus unto his disciples, If any [man] will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me.
1 Corinthians 11:1 Be ye followers of me, even as I also [am] of Christ.
Ephesians 5:1 Be ye therefore followers of God, as dear children;
Philippians 2:5-11 Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: ... And [that] every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ [is] Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
Hebrews 6:20 Whither the forerunner is for us entered, [even] Jesus, made an high priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.
Hebrews 12:2 Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of [our] faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.
1 Peter 2:21 For even hereunto were ye called: because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should follow his steps:
1 Peter 4:1 Forasmuch then as Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves likewise with the same mind: for he that hath suffered in the flesh hath ceased from sin;
1 Peter 5:3 Neither as being lords over [God's] heritage, but being ensamples to the flock.

for:

John 10:8 All that ever came before me are thieves and robbers: but the sheep did not hear them.
John 10:16 And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, [and] one shepherd.
John 3:29 He that hath the bride is the bridegroom: but the friend of the bridegroom, which standeth and heareth him, rejoiceth greatly because of the bridegroom's voice: this my joy therefore is fulfilled.
John 18:37 Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice.
Song of Songs 2:8 The voice of my beloved! behold, he cometh leaping upon the mountains, skipping upon the hills.
Song of Songs 5:2 I sleep, but my heart waketh: [it is] the voice of my beloved that knocketh, [saying], Open to me, my sister, my love, my dove, my undefiled: for my head is filled with dew, [and] my locks with the drops of the night.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 1:30. So 2:8; 5:2. Mi 2:12. Mt 16:24. Jn 3:29; 10:8, 16; 12:26; 13:15; 14:2; 18:37. 1Co 11:1. Ep 5:1. Php 2:5. He 6:20; 12:2. 1P 2:21; 4:1; 5:3.

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