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John 10:30 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I and the Father are one.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I and [my] Father are one.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “I and the Father are one.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I and [my] Father are one.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I and the Father are one.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— I and the Father, are, one.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— I and the Father are one.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I and the Father are one.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I and my father are one.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— I and my Father are One.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— I and my Father are one.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I 1473
{1473} Prime
ἐγώ
ego
{eg-o'}
A primary pronoun of the first person, 'I' (only expressed when emphatic).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
[my] Father 3962
{3962} Prime
πατήρ
pater
{pat-ayr'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'father' (literally or figuratively, near or more remote).
are 2070
{2070} Prime
ἐσμέν
esmen
{es-men'}
Frist person plural indicative of G1510; we are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
one. 1520
{1520} Prime
εἷς
heis
{hice}
(Including the neuter [etc.] ἕν [[hen]]); a primary numeral; one.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on John 10:27-30.


John 10:30

_ _ I and my Father are one — Our language admits not of the precision of the original in this great saying. “Are” is in the masculine gender — “we (two persons) are”; while “one” is neuter — “one thing.” Perhaps “one interest” expresses, as nearly as may be, the purport of the saying. There seemed to be some contradiction between His saying they had been given by His Father into His own hands, out of which they could not be plucked, and then saying that none could pluck them out of His Father’s hands, as if they had not been given out of them. “Neither have they,” says He; “though He has given them to Me, they are as much in His own almighty hands as ever — they cannot be, and when given to Me they are not, given away from Himself; for HE AND I HAVE ALL IN COMMON.” Thus it will be seen, that, though oneness of essence is not the precise thing here affirmed, that truth is the basis of what is affirmed, without which it would not be true. And Augustine was right in saying the “We are” condemns the Sabellians (who denied the distinction of Persons in the Godhead), while the “one” (as explained) condemns the Arians (who denied the unity of their essence).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 10:22-38.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 10:30

I and the Father are one — Not by consent of will only, but by unity of power, and consequently of nature. Are — This word confutes Sabellius, proving the plurality of persons: one — This word confutes Arius, proving the unity of nature in God. Never did any prophet before, from the beginning of the world, use any one expression of himself, which could possibly be so interpreted as this and other expressions were, by all that heard our Lord speak. Therefore if he was not God he must have been the vilest of men.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

John 1:1-2 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. ... The same was in the beginning with God.
John 5:17 But Jesus answered them, My Father worketh hitherto, and I work.
John 5:23 That all [men] should honour the Son, even as they honour the Father. He that honoureth not the Son honoureth not the Father which hath sent him.
John 8:58 Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am.
John 14:9 Jesus saith unto him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip? he that hath seen me hath seen the Father; and how sayest thou [then], Shew us the Father?
John 14:23 Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man love me, he will keep my words: and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode with him.
John 16:15 All things that the Father hath are mine: therefore said I, that he shall take of mine, and shall shew [it] unto you.
John 17:10 And all mine are thine, and thine are mine; and I am glorified in them.
John 17:21 That they all may be one; as thou, Father, [art] in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me.
Matthew 11:27 All things are delivered unto me of my Father: and no man knoweth the Son, but the Father; neither knoweth any man the Father, save the Son, and [he] to whomsoever the Son will reveal [him].
Matthew 28:19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:
1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.
Titus 2:13 Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ;
1 John 5:7 For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one.
1 John 5:20 And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, [even] in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Mt 11:27; 28:19. Jn 1:1; 5:17, 23; 8:58; 14:9, 23; 16:15; 17:10, 21. 1Ti 3:16. Tit 2:13. 1Jn 5:7, 20.

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