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John 10:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— even as the Father knoweth me, and I know the Father; and I lay down my life for the sheep.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— As the Father knoweth me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— even as the Father knows Me and I know the Father; and I lay down My life for the sheep.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— As the Father knoweth me, even so I know the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— as the Father knows me and I know the Father; and I lay down my life for the sheep.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Just as, the Father, knoweth me, and, I, know, the Father; and, my life, I lay down for the sheep.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— according as the Father doth know me, and I know the Father, and my life I lay down for the sheep,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— As the Father knoweth me, and I know the Father: and I lay down my life for my sheep.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— As the father knoweth me, euen so know I the father: & I lay downe my life for the sheepe.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— As my Father knoweth me (and) I know my Father, and my life I lay down for the flock.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— As my Father knoweth me, so know I my Father; and I expose my life for the flock.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
As 2531
{2531} Prime
καθώς
kathos
{kath-oce'}
From G2596 and G5613; just (or inasmuch) as, that.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Father 3962
{3962} Prime
πατήρ
pater
{pat-ayr'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'father' (literally or figuratively, near or more remote).
knoweth 1097
{1097} Prime
γινώσκω
ginosko
{ghin-oce'-ko}
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to 'know' (absolutely), in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as shown at left, with others not thus clearly expressed).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
me, 3165
{3165} Prime
μέ
me
{meh}
A shorter (and probably original) form of G1691; me.
even so y2504
[2504] Standard
κἀγώ
kago
{kag-o'}
So also the dative (second form) and accusative (third form); from G2532 and G1473; and (or also, even, etc.) I, (to) me.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
know y1097
[1097] Standard
γινώσκω
ginosko
{ghin-oce'-ko}
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to 'know' (absolutely), in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as shown at left, with others not thus clearly expressed).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
I 2504
{2504} Prime
κἀγώ
kago
{kag-o'}
So also the dative (second form) and accusative (third form); from G2532 and G1473; and (or also, even, etc.) I, (to) me.
x1097
(1097) Complement
γινώσκω
ginosko
{ghin-oce'-ko}
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to 'know' (absolutely), in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as shown at left, with others not thus clearly expressed).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Father: 3962
{3962} Prime
πατήρ
pater
{pat-ayr'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'father' (literally or figuratively, near or more remote).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
I lay down 5087
{5087} Prime
τίθημι
tithemi
{tith'-ay-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary word θέω [[theo]], {theh'-o} (which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses); to place (in the widest application, literally and figuratively; properly in a passive or horizontal posture, and thus different from G2476, which properly denotes an upright and active position, while G2749 is properly reflexive and utterly prostrate).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
my 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
life 5590
{5590} Prime
ψυχή
psuche
{psoo-khay'}
From G5594; breath, that is, (by implication) spirit, abstractly or concretely (the animal sentient principle only; thus distinguished on the one hand from G4151, which is the rational and immortal soul; and on the other from G2222, which is mere vitality, even of plants: these terms thus exactly correspond respectively to the Hebrew [H5315], [H7307] and [H2416].
for 5228
{5228} Prime
ὑπέρ
huper
{hoop-er'}
A primary preposition; 'over', that is, (with the genitive case) of place, above, beyond, across, or causal, for the sake of, instead, regarding; with the accusative case superior to, more than. In compounds it retains many of the listed applications.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
sheep. 4263
{4263} Prime
πρόβατον
probaton
{prob'-at-on}
Properly the neuter of a presumed derivative of G4260; something that walks forward (a quadruped), that is, (specifically) a sheep (literally or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

John 10:15-18

_ _ As the Father knoweth me, even so know I the Father — What claim to absolute equality with the Father could exceed this? (See on Matthew 11:27).

_ _ and I lay down my life for the sheep — How sublime this, immediately following the lofty claim of the preceding clause! It is the riches and the poverty of “the Word made flesh” — one glorious Person reaching at once up to the Throne and down even to the dust of death, “that we might live through Him.” A candid interpretation of the words, “for the sheep,” ought to go far to establish the special relation of the vicarious death of Christ to the Church.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 10:1-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 10:15

As the Father knoweth me, and I know the Father — With such a knowledge as implies an inexpressible union: and I lay down my life — Speaking of the present time. For his whole life was only a going unto death.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

John 10:15

As the Father (e) knoweth me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep.

(e) Loves me, allows me.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
As:

John 1:18 No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared [him].
John 6:46 Not that any man hath seen the Father, save he which is of God, he hath seen the Father.
John 8:55 Yet ye have not known him; but I know him: and if I should say, I know him not, I shall be a liar like unto you: but I know him, and keep his saying.
John 17:25 O righteous Father, the world hath not known thee: but I have known thee, and these have known that thou hast sent me.
Matthew 11:27 All things are delivered unto me of my Father: and no man knoweth the Son, but the Father; neither knoweth any man the Father, save the Son, and [he] to whomsoever the Son will reveal [him].
Luke 10:21 In that hour Jesus rejoiced in spirit, and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes: even so, Father; for so it seemed good in thy sight.
Revelation 5:2-9 And I saw a strong angel proclaiming with a loud voice, Who is worthy to open the book, and to loose the seals thereof? ... And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation;

and I:

John 10:11 I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep.
John 10:17 Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it again.
John 15:13 Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends.
Isaiah 53:4-6 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. ... All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.
Isaiah 53:8 He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken.
Isaiah 53:10 Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put [him] to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see [his] seed, he shall prolong [his] days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.
Daniel 9:26 And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof [shall be] with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.
Zechariah 13:7 Awake, O sword, against my shepherd, and against the man [that is] my fellow, saith the LORD of hosts: smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered: and I will turn mine hand upon the little ones.
Matthew 20:28 Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.
Galatians 1:4 Who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us from this present evil world, according to the will of God and our Father:
Galatians 3:13 Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed [is] every one that hangeth on a tree:
Ephesians 5:2 And walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath given himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweetsmelling savour.
1 Timothy 2:5-6 For [there is] one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus; ... Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.
Titus 2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.
1 Peter 2:24 Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed.
1 Peter 3:18 For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit:
1 John 2:2 And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for [the sins of] the whole world.
Revelation 5:9 And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Is 53:4, 8, 10. Dn 9:26. Zc 13:7. Mt 11:27; 20:28. Lk 10:21. Jn 1:18; 6:46; 8:55; 10:11, 17; 15:13; 17:25. Ga 1:4; 3:13. Ep 5:2. 1Ti 2:5. Tit 2:14. 1P 2:24; 3:18. 1Jn 2:2. Rv 5:2, 9.

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