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John 1:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— There was the true light, [even the light] which lighteth every man, coming into the world.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [That] was the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— There was the true Light which, coming into the world, enlightens every man.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [That] was the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The true light was that which, coming into the world, lightens every man.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— It, was—The real light that enlighteneth every man—Coming into the world.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— He was the true Light, which doth enlighten every man, coming to the world;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— That was the true light, which enlighteneth every man that cometh into this world.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— That was the true light, which lighteth euery man that commeth into the world.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For that was the true Light that enlighteneth every man who cometh into the world.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— The true light was that, which enlighteneth every man who cometh into the world.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[That] was 2258
{2258} Prime
ἦν
en
{ane}
Imperfect of G1510; I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were).
z5713
<5713> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 532
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
true 228
{0228} Prime
ἀληθινός
alethinos
{al-ay-thee-nos'}
From G0227; truthful.
Light, 5457
{5457} Prime
φῶς
phos
{foce}
From an obsolete φάω [[phao]] (to shine or make manifest, especially by rays; compare G5316 and G5346); luminousness (in the widest application, natural or artificial, abstract or concrete, literal or figurative).
which 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
lighteth 5461
{5461} Prime
φωτίζω
photizo
{fo-tid'-zo}
From G5457; to shed rays, that is, to shine or (transitively) to brighten up (literally or figuratively).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
every x3956
(3956) Complement
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
man 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
y3956
[3956] Standard
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
that cometh 2064
{2064} Prime
ἔρχομαι
erchomai
{er'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb (used only in the present and imperfect tenses, the others being supplied by a kindred [middle voice] word, ἐλεύθομαι [[eleuthomai]], {el-yoo'-thom-ahee}; or [active] ἔλθω [[eltho]], {el'-tho}; which do not otherwise occur); to come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
into 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
world. 2889
{2889} Prime
κόσμος
kosmos
{kos'-mos}
Probably from the base of G2865; orderly arrangement, that is, decoration; by implication the world (in a wide or narrow sense, including its inhabitants, literally or figuratively [morally]).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on John 1:6-9.


John 1:9

_ _ lighteth every man, etc. — rather, “which, coming into the world, enlighteneth every man”; or, is “the Light of the world” (John 9:5). “Coming into the world” is a superfluous and quite unusual description of “every man”; but it is of all descriptions of Christ amongst the most familiar, especially in the writings of this Evangelist (John 12:46; John 16:28; John 18:37; 1 John 4:9; 1 Timothy 1:15, etc.).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 1:6-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 1:9

Who lighteth every man — By what is vulgarly termed natural conscience, pointing out at least the general lines of good and evil. And this light, if man did not hinder, would shine more and more to the perfect day.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

John 1:9

(5) [That] was (p) the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world.

(5) When the Son of God saw that men did not acknowledge him by his works, although they were endued with understanding (which he had given to all of them), he exhibited himself unto his people to be seen by them with their physical eyes: yet not even then did they acknowledge him or receive him.

(p) Who alone and properly deserves to be called the light, for he shines by his own accord and borrows light from no one.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the true:

John 1:4 In him was life; and the life was the light of men.
John 6:32 Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Moses gave you not that bread from heaven; but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.
John 14:6 Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.
John 15:1 I am the true vine, and my Father is the husbandman.
Isaiah 49:6 And he said, It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel: I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest be my salvation unto the end of the earth.
Matthew 6:23 But if thine eye be evil, thy whole body shall be full of darkness. If therefore the light that is in thee be darkness, how great [is] that darkness!
1 John 1:8 If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.
1 John 2:8 Again, a new commandment I write unto you, which thing is true in him and in you: because the darkness is past, and the true light now shineth.
1 John 5:20 And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, [even] in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life.

every:

John 1:7 The same came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light, that all [men] through him might believe.
John 7:12 And there was much murmuring among the people concerning him: for some said, He is a good man: others said, Nay; but he deceiveth the people.
John 12:46 I am come a light into the world, that whosoever believeth on me should not abide in darkness.
Isaiah 8:20 To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, [it is] because [there is] no light in them.
1 Thessalonians 5:4-7 But ye, brethren, are not in darkness, that that day should overtake you as a thief. ... For they that sleep sleep in the night; and they that be drunken are drunken in the night.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Is 8:20; 49:6. Mt 6:23. Jn 1:4, 7; 6:32; 7:12; 12:46; 14:6; 15:1. 1Th 5:4. 1Jn 1:8; 2:8; 5:20.

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