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John 1:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the light shineth in the darkness; and the darkness apprehended it not.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The Light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the light appears in darkness, and the darkness apprehended it not.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, the light, in the darkness, shineth; and, the darkness, thereof, laid not hold.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the light in the darkness did shine, and the darkness did not perceive it.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the light shineth in darkness: and the darkness did not comprehend it.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the light shineth in darknesse, and the darknesse comprehended it not.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and the Light himself in the darkness shineth, and the darkness perceived him not.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And this light shineth in the darkness; and the darkness apprehended it not.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
light 5457
{5457} Prime
φῶς
phos
{foce}
From an obsolete φάω [[phao]] (to shine or make manifest, especially by rays; compare G5316 and G5346); luminousness (in the widest application, natural or artificial, abstract or concrete, literal or figurative).
shineth 5316
{5316} Prime
φαίνω
phaino
{fah'-ee-no}
Prolongation for the base of G5457; to lighten (shine), that is, show (transitive or intransitive, literal or figurative).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
darkness; 4653
{4653} Prime
σκοτία
skotia
{skot-ee'-ah}
From G4655; dimness, obscurity (literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
darkness 4653
{4653} Prime
σκοτία
skotia
{skot-ee'-ah}
From G4655; dimness, obscurity (literally or figuratively).
comprehended 2638
{2638} Prime
καταλαμβάνω
katalambano
{kat-al-am-ban'-o}
From G2596 and G1983; to take eagerly, that is, seize, possess, etc. (literally or figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
it 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
not. 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

John 1:5

_ _ shineth in darkness, etc. — in this dark, fallen world, or in mankind “sitting in darkness and the shadow of death,” with no ability to find the way either of truth or of holiness. In this thick darkness, and consequent intellectual and moral obliquity, “the light of the Word” shineth — by all the rays whether of natural or revealed teaching which men (apart from the Incarnation of the Word) are favored with.

_ _ the darkness comprehended it notdid not take it in, a brief summary of the effect of all the strivings of this unincarnate Word throughout this wide world from the beginning, and a hint of the necessity of His putting on flesh, if any recovery of men was to be effected (1 Corinthians 1:21).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 1:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 1:5

And the light shineth in darkness — Shines even on fallen man; but the darkness — Dark, sinful man, perceiveth it not.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

John 1:5

(3) And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness (m) comprehended it not.

(3) The light of men is turned into darkness, but yet there is enough clearness so that they are without excuse.

(m) They could not perceive nor reach it to receive any light from it, no, they did not so much as acknowledge him.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

John 1:10 He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not.
John 3:19-20 And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil. ... For every one that doeth evil hateth the light, neither cometh to the light, lest his deeds should be reproved.
John 12:36-40 While ye have light, believe in the light, that ye may be the children of light. These things spake Jesus, and departed, and did hide himself from them. ... He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with [their] eyes, nor understand with [their] heart, and be converted, and I should heal them.
Job 24:13-17 They are of those that rebel against the light; they know not the ways thereof, nor abide in the paths thereof. ... For the morning [is] to them even as the shadow of death: if [one] know [them, they are in] the terrors of the shadow of death.
Proverbs 1:22 How long, ye simple ones, will ye love simplicity? and the scorners delight in their scorning, and fools hate knowledge?
Proverbs 1:29-30 For that they hated knowledge, and did not choose the fear of the LORD: ... They would none of my counsel: they despised all my reproof.
Romans 1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in [their] knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient;
1 Corinthians 2:14 But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know [them], because they are spiritually discerned.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 24:13. Pv 1:22, 29. Jn 1:10; 3:19; 12:36. Ro 1:28. 1Co 2:14.

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