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John 1:48 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Nathanael saith unto him, Whence knowest thou me? Jesus answered and said unto him, Before Philip called thee, when thou wast under the fig tree, I saw thee.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Nathanael saith unto him, Whence knowest thou me? Jesus answered and said unto him, Before that Philip called thee, when thou wast under the fig tree, I saw thee.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Nathanael *said to Him, “How do You know me?” Jesus answered and said to him, “Before Philip called you, when you were under the fig tree, I saw you.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Nathanael saith to him, Whence knowest thou me? Jesus answered and said to him, Before Philip called thee, when thou wast under the fig-tree, I saw thee.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Nathanael says to him, Whence knowest thou me? Jesus answered and said to him, Before that Philip called thee, when thou wast under the fig-tree, I saw thee.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Nathanael saith unto him—Whence, dost thou, know, me? Jesus answered, and said unto him—Before Philip called thee,—when thou wast under the fig-tree, I saw thee.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Nathanael saith to him, 'Whence me dost thou know?' Jesus answered and said to him, 'Before Philip's calling thee—thou being under the fig-tree—I saw thee.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Nathanael saith to him: Whence knowest thou me? Jesus answered and said to him: Before that Philip called thee, when thou wast under the fig tree, I saw thee.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Nathaneel sayeth vnto him, Whence knowest thou me? Iesus answered, and said vnto him, Before that Philip called thee, when thou wast vnder the figge tree, I saw thee.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Nathanael saith to him, Whence knowest thou me? Jeshu saith to him, While yet Philipos had not called thee, while thou wast under the fig-tree, I saw thee.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Nathaniel said to him: Whence knowest thou me? Jesus said to him: Before Philip called thee when thou wast under the fig-tree, I saw thee.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Nathanael 3482
{3482} Prime
Ναθαναήλ
Nathanael
{nath-an-ah-ale'}
Of Hebrew origin [H5417]; Nathanael (that is, Nathanel), an Israelite and Christian.
saith 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
unto him, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Whence 4159
{4159} Prime
πόθεν
pothen
{poth'-en}
From the base of G4213 with enclitic adverb of origin; from which (as interrogitive) or what (as relative) place, state, source or cause.
knowest x1097
(1097) Complement
γινώσκω
ginosko
{ghin-oce'-ko}
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to 'know' (absolutely), in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as shown at left, with others not thus clearly expressed).
thou y1097
[1097] Standard
γινώσκω
ginosko
{ghin-oce'-ko}
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to 'know' (absolutely), in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as shown at left, with others not thus clearly expressed).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
me? 3165
{3165} Prime
μέ
me
{meh}
A shorter (and probably original) form of G1691; me.
Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
answered 611
{0611} Prime
ἀποκρίνομαι
apokrinomai
{ap-ok-ree'-nom-ahee}
From G0575 and κρινω [[krino]]; to conclude for oneself, that is, (by implication) to respond; by Hebraism (compare [H6030]) to begin to speak (where an address is expected).
z5662
<5662> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 352
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
said 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
unto him, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Before y4253
[4253] Standard
πρό
pro
{pro}
A primary preposition; 'fore', that is, in front of, prior (figuratively superior) to. In compounds it retains the same significations.
that Philip 5376
{5376} Prime
Φίλιππος
Philippos
{fil'-ip-pos}
From G5384 and G2462; fond of horses; Philippus, the name of four Israelites.
called 5455
{5455} Prime
φωνέω
phoneo
{fo-neh'-o}
From G5456; to emit a sound (animal, human or instrumental); by implication to address in words or by name, also in imitation.
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
thee, 4571
{4571} Prime
σέ
se
{seh}
Accusative singular of G4771; thee.
when thou wast 5607
{5607} Prime
ὤν
on
{oan}
The feminine, the neuter and the present participle of G1510; being.
z5752
<5752> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 186
under 5259
{5259} Prime
ὑπό
hupo
{hoop-o'}
A primary preposition; under, that is, (with the genitive) of place (beneath), or with verbs (the agency or means, through); (with the accusative) of place (whither [underneath] or where [below]) or time (when [at]).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
fig tree, 4808
{4808} Prime
συκῆ
suke
{soo-kay'}
From G4810; a fig tree.
I saw 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
thee. 4571
{4571} Prime
σέ
se
{seh}
Accusative singular of G4771; thee.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

John 1:48

_ _ Whence knowest thou me — conscious that his very heart had been read, and at this critical moment more than ever before.

_ _ Before Philip called thee — showing He knew all that passed between Philip and him at a distance.

_ _ when ... under the fig tree, etc. — where retirement for meditation and prayer was not uncommon [Lightfoot]. Thither, probably — hearing that his master’s Master had at length appeared, and heaving with mingled eagerness to behold Him and dread of deception — he had retired to pour out his guileless heart for light and guidance, ending with such a prayer as this, “Show me a token for good!” (See on Luke 2:8). Now he has it, “Thou guileless one, that fig tree scene, with all its heaving anxieties, deep pleadings and tremulous hopes — I saw it all.” The first words of Jesus had astonished, but this quite overpowered and won him.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 1:43-51.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 1:48

Under the fig tree I saw thee — Perhaps at prayer.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

John 1:48

(21) Nathanael saith unto him, Whence knowest thou me? Jesus answered and said unto him, Before that Philip called thee, when thou wast under the fig tree, I saw thee.

(21) The purpose of miracles is to set before us Christ the Almighty, and also the only author of our salvation, in order that we may apprehend him by faith.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
when:

John 2:25 And needed not that any should testify of man: for he knew what was in man.
Genesis 32:24-30 And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day. ... And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved.
Psalms 139:1-2 [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] O LORD, thou hast searched me, and known [me]. ... Thou knowest my downsitting and mine uprising, thou understandest my thought afar off.
Isaiah 65:24 And it shall come to pass, that before they call, I will answer; and while they are yet speaking, I will hear.
Matthew 6:6 But thou, when thou prayest, enter into thy closet, and when thou hast shut thy door, pray to thy Father which is in secret; and thy Father which seeth in secret shall reward thee openly.
1 Corinthians 4:5 Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and will make manifest the counsels of the hearts: and then shall every man have praise of God.
1 Corinthians 14:25 And thus are the secrets of his heart made manifest; and so falling down on [his] face he will worship God, and report that God is in you of a truth.
Revelation 2:18-19 And unto the angel of the church in Thyatira write; These things saith the Son of God, who hath his eyes like unto a flame of fire, and his feet [are] like fine brass; ... I know thy works, and charity, and service, and faith, and thy patience, and thy works; and the last [to be] more than the first.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 32:24. Ps 139:1. Is 65:24. Mt 6:6. Jn 2:25. 1Co 4:5; 14:25. Rv 2:18.

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