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John 1:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— In him was life; and the life was the light of men.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— In him was life; and the life was the light of men.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— In Him was life, and the life was the Light of men.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— In him was life; and the life was the light of men.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— In him was life, and the life was the light of men.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— in him, was, life, and, the life, was, the light of men.—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— In him was life, and the life was the light of men,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— In him was life: and the life was the light of men.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— In him was life, and the life was the light of men.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— In him was life, and the life is the light of the sons of man;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— In him was life; and the life was the light of man.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
In 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
him 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
was 2258
{2258} Prime
ἦν
en
{ane}
Imperfect of G1510; I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were).
z5713
<5713> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 532
life; 2222
{2222} Prime
ζωή
zoe
{dzo-ay'}
From G2198; life (literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
life 2222
{2222} Prime
ζωή
zoe
{dzo-ay'}
From G2198; life (literally or figuratively).
was 2258
{2258} Prime
ἦν
en
{ane}
Imperfect of G1510; I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were).
z5713
<5713> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 532
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
light 5457
{5457} Prime
φῶς
phos
{foce}
From an obsolete φάω [[phao]] (to shine or make manifest, especially by rays; compare G5316 and G5346); luminousness (in the widest application, natural or artificial, abstract or concrete, literal or figurative).
of men. 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

John 1:4

_ _ In Him was lifeessentially and originally, as the previous verses show to be the meaning. Thus He is the Living Word, or, as He is called in 1 John 1:1, 1 John 1:2, “the Word of Life.”

_ _ the life ... the light of men — All that in men which is true light — knowledge, integrity, intelligent, willing subjection to God, love to Him and to their fellow creatures, wisdom, purity, holy joy, rational happiness — all this “light of men” has its fountain in the essential original “life” of “the Word” (1 John 1:5-7; Psalms 36:9).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 1:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 1:4

In him was life — He was the foundation of life to every living thing, as well as of being to all that is. And the life was the light of men — He who is essential life, and the giver of life to all that liveth, was also the light of men; the fountain of wisdom, holiness, and happiness, to man in his original state.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

John 1:4

(i) In him (k) was life; and the life was (l) the light of men.

(i) That is, by him: and this is spoken after the manner of the Hebrews, meaning by this that by his force and working power all life comes to the world.

(k) That is, even at that time when all things were made by him, for otherwise he would have said, "Life in him", and not "life was".

(l) That force of reason and understanding which is kindled in our minds to acknowledge him, the author of so great a benefit.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
him:

John 5:21 For as the Father raiseth up the dead, and quickeneth [them]; even so the Son quickeneth whom he will.
John 5:26 For as the Father hath life in himself; so hath he given to the Son to have life in himself;
John 11:25 Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live:
John 14:6 Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.
1 Corinthians 15:45 And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam [was made] a quickening spirit.
Colossians 3:4 When Christ, [who is] our life, shall appear, then shall ye also appear with him in glory.
1 John 1:2 (For the life was manifested, and we have seen [it], and bear witness, and shew unto you that eternal life, which was with the Father, and was manifested unto us;)
1 John 5:11 And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son.
Revelation 22:1 And he shewed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.

the life:

John 1:8-9 He was not that Light, but [was sent] to bear witness of that Light. ... [That] was the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world.
John 8:12 Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.
John 9:5 As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world.
John 12:35 Then Jesus said unto them, Yet a little while is the light with you. Walk while ye have the light, lest darkness come upon you: for he that walketh in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth.
John 12:46 I am come a light into the world, that whosoever believeth on me should not abide in darkness.
Psalms 84:11 For the LORD God [is] a sun and shield: the LORD will give grace and glory: no good [thing] will he withhold from them that walk uprightly.
Isaiah 35:4-5 Say to them [that are] of a fearful heart, Be strong, fear not: behold, your God will come [with] vengeance, [even] God [with] a recompence; he will come and save you. ... Then the eyes of the blind shall be opened, and the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped.
Isaiah 42:6-7 I the LORD have called thee in righteousness, and will hold thine hand, and will keep thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, for a light of the Gentiles; ... To open the blind eyes, to bring out the prisoners from the prison, [and] them that sit in darkness out of the prison house.
Isaiah 42:16 And I will bring the blind by a way [that] they knew not; I will lead them in paths [that] they have not known: I will make darkness light before them, and crooked things straight. These things will I do unto them, and not forsake them.
Psalms 49:6 They that trust in their wealth, and boast themselves in the multitude of their riches;
Psalms 60:1-3 [[To the chief Musician upon Shushaneduth, Michtam of David, to teach; when he strove with Aramnaharaim and with Aramzobah, when Joab returned, and smote of Edom in the valley of salt twelve thousand.]] O God, thou hast cast us off, thou hast scattered us, thou hast been displeased; O turn thyself to us again. ... Thou hast shewed thy people hard things: thou hast made us to drink the wine of astonishment.
Malachi 4:2 But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall.
Matthew 4:16 The people which sat in darkness saw great light; and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up.
Luke 1:78-79 Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the dayspring from on high hath visited us, ... To give light to them that sit in darkness and [in] the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.
Luke 2:32 A light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of thy people Israel.
Acts 26:23 That Christ should suffer, [and] that he should be the first that should rise from the dead, and should shew light unto the people, and to the Gentiles.
Ephesians 5:14 Wherefore he saith, Awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give thee light.
1 John 1:5-7 This then is the message which we have heard of him, and declare unto you, that God is light, and in him is no darkness at all. ... But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.
Revelation 22:16 I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, [and] the bright and morning star.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 49:6; 60:1; 84:11. Is 35:4; 42:6, 16. Mal 4:2. Mt 4:16. Lk 1:78; 2:32. Jn 1:8; 5:21, 26; 8:12; 9:5; 11:25; 12:35, 46; 14:6. Ac 26:23. 1Co 15:45. Ep 5:14. Col 3:4. 1Jn 1:2, 5; 5:11. Rv 22:1, 16.

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