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John 1:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And I knew him not; but that he should be made manifest to Israel, for this cause came I baptizing in water.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And I knew him not: but that he should be made manifest to Israel, therefore am I come baptizing with water.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “I did not recognize Him, but so that He might be manifested to Israel, I came baptizing in water.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And I knew him not: but that he should be made manifest to Israel, therefore am I come baptizing with water.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and I knew him not; but that he might be manifested to Israel, therefore have I come baptising with water.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, I, knew him not, but, that he might be manifested unto Israel, therefore, came, I, in water, immersing.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and I knew him not, but, that he might be manifested to Israel, because of this I came with the water baptizing.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And I knew him not: but that he may be made manifest in Israel, therefore am I come baptizing with water.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And I knew him not: but that he should be made manifest to Israel, therfore am I come baptizing with water.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And I knew him not, but that he should be made known unto Isroel, therefore have I come with waters to baptize.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And I knew him not; but that he might be known to Israel, therefore am I come baptizing with water.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And I 2504
{2504} Prime
κἀγώ
kago
{kag-o'}
So also the dative (second form) and accusative (third form); from G2532 and G1473; and (or also, even, etc.) I, (to) me.
knew 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5715
<5715> Grammar
Tense - Pluperfect (See G5779)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 83
him 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
not: 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
he should be made manifest 5319
{5319} Prime
φανερόω
phaneroo
{fan-er-o'-o}
From G5318; to render apparent (literally or figuratively).
z5686
<5686> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 219
to Israel, 2474
{2474} Prime
Ἰσραήλ
Israel
{is-rah-ale'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3478]; Israel (that is, Jisrael), the adopted name of Jacob, including his descendants (literally or figuratively).
therefore 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
5124
{5124} Prime
τοῦτο
touto
{too'-to}
Neuter, singular, nomitive or accusative of G3778; that thing.
am y2064
[2064] Standard
ἔρχομαι
erchomai
{er'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb (used only in the present and imperfect tenses, the others being supplied by a kindred [middle voice] word, ἐλεύθομαι [[eleuthomai]], {el-yoo'-thom-ahee}; or [active] ἔλθω [[eltho]], {el'-tho}; which do not otherwise occur); to come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
I 1473
{1473} Prime
ἐγώ
ego
{eg-o'}
A primary pronoun of the first person, 'I' (only expressed when emphatic).
come 2064
{2064} Prime
ἔρχομαι
erchomai
{er'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb (used only in the present and imperfect tenses, the others being supplied by a kindred [middle voice] word, ἐλεύθομαι [[eleuthomai]], {el-yoo'-thom-ahee}; or [active] ἔλθω [[eltho]], {el'-tho}; which do not otherwise occur); to come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
baptizing 907
{0907} Prime
βαπτίζω
baptizo
{bap-tid'-zo}
From a derivative of G0911; to make whelmed (that is, fully wet); used only (in the New Testament) of ceremonial ablution, especially (technically) of the ordinance of Christian baptism.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
with 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
water. 5204
{5204} Prime
ὕδωρ
hudor
{hoo'-dore}
From the base of G5205; water (as if rainy) literally or figuratively.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

John 1:31-34

_ _ knew him not — Living mostly apart, the one at Nazareth, the other in the Judean desert — to prevent all appearance of collusion, John only knew that at a definite time after his own call, his Master would show Himself. As He drew near for baptism one day, the last of all the crowd, the spirit of the Baptist heaving under a divine presentiment that the moment had at length arrived, and an air of unwonted serenity and dignity, not without traits, probably, of the family features, appearing in this Stranger, the Spirit said to him as to Samuel of his youthful type, “Arise, anoint Him, for this is He!” (1 Samuel 16:12). But the sign which he was told to expect was the visible descent of the Spirit upon Him as He emerged out of the baptismal water. Then, catching up the voice from heaven, “he saw and bare record that this is the Son of God.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 1:29-36.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 1:31

I knew him not — Till he came to be baptized. How surprising is this; considering how nearly they were related, and how remarkable the conception and birth of both had been. But there was a peculiar providence visible in our Saviour's living, from his infancy to his baptism, at Nazareth: John all the time living the life of a hermit in the deserts of Judea, Luke 1:80, ninety or more miles from Nazareth: hereby that acquaintance was prevented which might have made John's testimony of Christ suspected.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

John 1:31

And (q) I knew him not: but that he should be made manifest to Israel, therefore am I come baptizing with water.

(q) I never knew him by face before.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I knew:

John 1:33 And I knew him not: but he that sent me to baptize with water, the same said unto me, Upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending, and remaining on him, the same is he which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost.
Luke 1:80 And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, and was in the deserts till the day of his shewing unto Israel.
Luke 2:39-42 And when they had performed all things according to the law of the Lord, they returned into Galilee, to their own city Nazareth. ... And when he was twelve years old, they went up to Jerusalem after the custom of the feast.

but:

John 1:7 The same came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light, that all [men] through him might believe.
Isaiah 40:3-5 The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the LORD, make straight in the desert a highway for our God. ... And the glory of the LORD shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see [it] together: for the mouth of the LORD hath spoken [it].
Malachi 3:1 Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts.
Malachi 4:2-5 But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall. ... Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the LORD:
Luke 1:17 And he shall go before him in the spirit and power of Elias, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just; to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.
Luke 1:76-79 And thou, child, shalt be called the prophet of the Highest: for thou shalt go before the face of the Lord to prepare his ways; ... To give light to them that sit in darkness and [in] the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.

therefore:

Matthew 3:6 And were baptized of him in Jordan, confessing their sins.
Mark 1:3-5 The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight. ... And there went out unto him all the land of Judaea, and they of Jerusalem, and were all baptized of him in the river of Jordan, confessing their sins.
Luke 3:3-4 And he came into all the country about Jordan, preaching the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins; ... As it is written in the book of the words of Esaias the prophet, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.
Acts 19:4 Then said Paul, John verily baptized with the baptism of repentance, saying unto the people, that they should believe on him which should come after him, that is, on Christ Jesus.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Is 40:3. Mal 3:1; 4:2. Mt 3:6. Mk 1:3. Lk 1:17, 76, 80; 2:39; 3:3. Jn 1:7, 33. Ac 19:4.

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