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John 1:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For the law was given by Moses, [but] grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For the Law was given through Moses; grace and truth were realized through Jesus Christ.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For the law was given by Moses, [but] grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For the law was given by Moses: grace and truth subsists through Jesus Christ.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Because, the law, through Moses, was given, favour and truth, through Jesus Christ, came into existence.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for the law through Moses was given, the grace and the truth through Jesus Christ did come;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For the law was given by Moses: grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For the Law was giuen by Moses, but grace and trueth came by Iesus Christ.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For the law by the hand of Musha was given; but the truth and the grace were by Jeshu Meshicha.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For the law was given by the hand of Moses; but the reality and grace was by the hand of Jesus Messiah.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
law 3551
{3551} Prime
νόμος
nomos
{nom'-os}
From a primary word νέμω [[nemo]] (to parcel out, especially food or grazing to animals); law (through the idea of prescriptive usage), generally (regulation), specifically (of Moses [including the volume]; also of the Gospel), or figuratively (a principle).
was given 1325
{1325} Prime
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
by 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
Moses, 3475
{3475} Prime
Μωσεῦς
Moseus
{moce-yoos'}
Of Hebrew origin [H4872]; Moseus, Moses or Mouses (that is, Mosheh), the Hebrew lawgiver.
[but] grace 5485
{5485} Prime
χάρις
charis
{khar'-ece}
From G5463; graciousness (as gratifying), of manner or act (abstract or concrete; literal, figurative or spiritual; especially the divine influence upon the heart, and its reflection in the life; including gratitude).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
truth 225
{0225} Prime
ἀλήθεια
aletheia
{al-ay'-thi-a}
From G0227; truth.
came 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5633
<5633> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 260
by 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
Christ. 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

John 1:17

_ _ For, etc. — The Law elicits the consciousness of sin and the need of redemption; it only typifies the reality. The Gospel, on the contrary, actually communicates reality and power from above (compare Romans 6:14). Hence Paul terms the Old Testament “shadow,” while he calls the New Testament “substance” (Colossians 2:17) [Olshausen].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 1:15-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 1:17

The law — Working wrath and containing shadows: was given — No philosopher, poet, or orator, ever chose his words so accurately as St. John. The law, saith he, was given by Moses: grace was by Jesus Christ. Observe the reason for placing each word thus: The law of Moses was not his own. The grace of Christ was. His grace was opposite to the wrath, his truth to the shadowy ceremonies of the law. Jesus — St. John having once mentioned the incarnation John 1:14,) no more uses that name, the Word, in all his book.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the law:

John 5:45 Do not think that I will accuse you to the Father: there is [one] that accuseth you, [even] Moses, in whom ye trust.
John 9:29 We know that God spake unto Moses: [as for] this [fellow], we know not from whence he is.
Exodus 20:1-17 And God spake all these words, saying, ... Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that [is] thy neighbour's.
Deuteronomy 4:44 And this [is] the law which Moses set before the children of Israel:
Deuteronomy 5:1 And Moses called all Israel, and said unto them, Hear, O Israel, the statutes and judgments which I speak in your ears this day, that ye may learn them, and keep, and do them.
Deuteronomy 33:4 Moses commanded us a law, [even] the inheritance of the congregation of Jacob.
Acts 7:38 This is he, that was in the church in the wilderness with the angel which spake to him in the mount Sina, and [with] our fathers: who received the lively oracles to give unto us:
Acts 28:23 And when they had appointed him a day, there came many to him into [his] lodging; to whom he expounded and testified the kingdom of God, persuading them concerning Jesus, both out of the law of Moses, and [out of] the prophets, from morning till evening.
Romans 3:19-20 Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God. ... Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law [is] the knowledge of sin.
Romans 5:20-21 Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound: ... That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.
2 Corinthians 3:7-10 But if the ministration of death, written [and] engraven in stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not stedfastly behold the face of Moses for the glory of his countenance; which [glory] was to be done away: ... For even that which was made glorious had no glory in this respect, by reason of the glory that excelleth.
Galatians 3:10-13 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed [is] every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them. ... Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed [is] every one that hangeth on a tree:
Galatians 3:17 And this I say, [that] the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect.
Hebrews 3:5-6 And Moses verily [was] faithful in all his house, as a servant, for a testimony of those things which were to be spoken after; ... But Christ as a son over his own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end.
Hebrews 8:8-12 For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah: ... For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more.

grace:

John 8:32 And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.
John 14:6 Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.
Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.
Genesis 22:18 And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; because thou hast obeyed my voice.
Psalms 85:10 Mercy and truth are met together; righteousness and peace have kissed [each other].
Psalms 89:1-2 [[Maschil of Ethan the Ezrahite.]] I will sing of the mercies of the LORD for ever: with my mouth will I make known thy faithfulness to all generations. ... For I have said, Mercy shall be built up for ever: thy faithfulness shalt thou establish in the very heavens.
Psalms 98:3 He hath remembered his mercy and his truth toward the house of Israel: all the ends of the earth have seen the salvation of our God.
Micah 7:20 Thou wilt perform the truth to Jacob, [and] the mercy to Abraham, which thou hast sworn unto our fathers from the days of old.
Luke 1:54-55 He hath holpen his servant Israel, in remembrance of [his] mercy; ... As he spake to our fathers, to Abraham, and to his seed for ever.
Luke 1:68-79 Blessed [be] the Lord God of Israel; for he hath visited and redeemed his people, ... To give light to them that sit in darkness and [in] the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.
Acts 13:34-39 And as concerning that he raised him up from the dead, [now] no more to return to corruption, he said on this wise, I will give you the sure mercies of David. ... And by him all that believe are justified from all things, from which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses.
Romans 3:21-26 But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets; ... To declare, [I say], at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.
Romans 5:21 That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.
Romans 6:14 For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace.
Romans 15:8-12 Now I say that Jesus Christ was a minister of the circumcision for the truth of God, to confirm the promises [made] unto the fathers: ... And again, Esaias saith, There shall be a root of Jesse, and he that shall rise to reign over the Gentiles; in him shall the Gentiles trust.
2 Corinthians 1:20 For all the promises of God in him [are] yea, and in him Amen, unto the glory of God by us.
Hebrews 9:22 And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission.
Hebrews 10:4-10 For [it is] not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins. ... By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once [for all].
Hebrews 11:39-40 And these all, having obtained a good report through faith, received not the promise: ... God having provided some better thing for us, that they without us should not be made perfect.
Revelation 5:8-10 And when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four [and] twenty elders fell down before the Lamb, having every one of them harps, and golden vials full of odours, which are the prayers of saints. ... And hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth.
Revelation 7:9-17 After this I beheld, and, lo, a great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues, stood before the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms in their hands; ... For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them unto living fountains of waters: and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 3:15; 22:18. Ex 20:1. Dt 4:44; 5:1; 33:4. Ps 85:10; 89:1; 98:3. Mi 7:20. Lk 1:54, 68. Jn 5:45; 8:32; 9:29; 14:6. Ac 7:38; 13:34; 28:23. Ro 3:19, 21; 5:20, 21; 6:14; 15:8. 2Co 1:20; 3:7. Ga 3:10, 17. He 3:5; 8:8; 9:22; 10:4; 11:39. Rv 5:8; 7:9.

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