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John 1:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But as many as received him, to them gave he the right to become children of God, [even] to them that believe on his name:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, [even] to them that believe on his name:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, [even] to those who believe in His name,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But as many as received him, to them he gave power to become the sons of God, [even] to them that believe on his name:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— but as many as received him, to them gave he [the] right to be children of God, to those that believe on his name;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, as many as did receive him, he gave, unto them, authority, children of God, to become,—unto them who were believing on his name:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— but as many as did receive him to them he gave authority to become sons of God—to those believing in his name,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But as many as received him, he gave them power to be made the sons of God, to them that believe in his name.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But as many as receiued him, to them gaue hee power to become the sonnes of God, [euen] to them that beleeue on his Name:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But they who received him, he gave to them power, that the sons of Aloha they should become, to those who believe in his name.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But such as received him, to them gave he the prerogative to be children of God; [even] to them that believe on his name;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
as many as 3745
{3745} Prime
ὅσος
hosos
{hos'-os}
By reduplication from G3739; as (much, great, long, etc.) as.
received 2983
{2983} Prime
λαμβάνω
lambano
{lam-ban'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary verb, which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses; to take (in very many applications, literally and figuratively [probably objective or active, to get hold of; whereas G1209 is rather subjective or passive, to have offered to one; while G0138 is more violent, to seize or remove]).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
him, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
to them 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
gave x1325
(1325) Complement
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
he y1325
[1325] Standard
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
power 1849
{1849} Prime
ἐξουσία
exousia
{ex-oo-see'-ah}
From G1832 (in the sense of ability); privilege, that is, (subjectively) force, capacity, competency, freedom, or (objectively) mastery (concretely magistrate, superhuman, potentate, token of control), delegated influence.
to become 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5635
<5635> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 42
the sons 5043
{5043} Prime
τέκνον
teknon
{tek'-non}
From the base of G5098; a child (as produced).
of God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
[even] to them that believe 4100
{4100} Prime
πιστεύω
pisteuo
{pist-yoo'-o}
From G4102; to have faith (in, upon, or with respect to, a person or thing), that is, credit; by implication to entrust (especially one's spiritual well being to Christ).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
on 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
his 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
name: 3686
{3686} Prime
ὄνομα
onoma
{on'-om-ah}
From a presumed derivative of the base of G1097 (compare G3685); a 'name' (literally or figuratively), (authority, character).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on John 1:10-13.


John 1:12

_ _ But as manyindividuals, of the “disobedient and gainsaying people.”

_ _ gave he power — The word signifies both authority and ability, and both are certainly meant here.

_ _ to become — Mark these words: Jesus is the Son of God; He is never said to have become such.

_ _ the sons — or more simply, “sons of God,” in name and in nature.

_ _ believe on his namea phrase never used in Scripture of any mere creature, to express the credit given to human testimony, even of prophets or apostles, inasmuch it carries with it the idea of trust proper only towards God. In this sense of supreme faith, as due to Him who “gives those that believe in Himself power to become sons of God,” it is manifestly used here.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on John 1:6-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

John 1:12

But as many as received him — Jews or Gentiles; that believe on his name — That is, on him. The moment they believe, they are sons; and because they are sons, God sendeth forth the Spirit of his Son into their hearts, crying, Abba, Father.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

John 1:12

(6) But as many as received him, to them gave he (s) power to become the sons of God, [even] to them that believe on his name:

(6) The Son being shut out by the majority of his people, and acknowledged but by a few, regenerates those few by his own strength and power, and receives them into that honour which is common to all the children of God, that is, to be the sons of God.

(s) He condescended to give them this power to take them to be his children.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
received:

Matthew 10:40 He that receiveth you receiveth me, and he that receiveth me receiveth him that sent me.
Matthew 18:5 And whoso shall receive one such little child in my name receiveth me.
Colossians 2:6 As ye have therefore received Christ Jesus the Lord, [so] walk ye in him:

to them:

Isaiah 56:5 Even unto them will I give in mine house and within my walls a place and a name better than of sons and of daughters: I will give them an everlasting name, that shall not be cut off.
Jeremiah 3:19 But I said, How shall I put thee among the children, and give thee a pleasant land, a goodly heritage of the hosts of nations? and I said, Thou shalt call me, My father; and shalt not turn away from me.
Hosea 1:10 Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered; and it shall come to pass, [that] in the place where it was said unto them, Ye [are] not my people, [there] it shall be said unto them, [Ye are] the sons of the living God.
Romans 8:14 For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God.
2 Corinthians 6:17-18 Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean [thing]; and I will receive you, ... And will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty.
Galatians 3:26 For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus.
Galatians 4:6 And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.
2 Peter 1:4 Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.
1 John 3:1 Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not.

power:
or, the right, or privilege

even:

John 2:23 Now when he was in Jerusalem at the passover, in the feast [day], many believed in his name, when they saw the miracles which he did.
John 3:18 He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
John 20:31 But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name.
Matthew 12:21 And in his name shall the Gentiles trust.
Acts 3:16 And his name through faith in his name hath made this man strong, whom ye see and know: yea, the faith which is by him hath given him this perfect soundness in the presence of you all.
1 John 3:23 And this is his commandment, That we should believe on the name of his Son Jesus Christ, and love one another, as he gave us commandment.
1 John 5:12 He that hath the Son hath life; [and] he that hath not the Son of God hath not life.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Is 56:5. Jr 3:19. Ho 1:10. Mt 10:40; 12:21; 18:5. Jn 2:23; 3:18; 20:31. Ac 3:16. Ro 8:14. 2Co 6:17. Ga 3:26; 4:6. Col 2:6. 2P 1:4. 1Jn 3:1, 23; 5:12.

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