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Joel 3:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Put ye in the sickle; for the harvest is ripe: come, tread ye; for the winepress is full, the vats overflow; for their wickedness is great.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Put ye in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe: come, get you down; for the press is full, the fats overflow; for their wickedness [is] great.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Put in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe. Come, tread, for the wine press is full; The vats overflow, for their wickedness is great.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Put ye in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe: come, go down; for the press is full, the vats overflow; for their wickedness [is] great.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Put in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe: come, get you down, for the press is full, the vats overflow; for their wickedness is great.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thrust ye in the vintage knife, for, grown ripe, is the vintage,—Go in, tread down, for full is the winepress, flow over do the vats, for abundant is their wickedness.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Send ye forth a sickle, For ripened hath harvest, Come in, come down, for filled hath been the press, Overflowed hath wine-presses, For great [is] their wickedness.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Put ye in the sickles, for the harvest is ripe: come and go down, for the press is full, the fats run over: for their wickedness is multiplied.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Put ye in the sickle, for the haruest is ripe, come, get you downe, for the presse is full, the fats ouerflowe, for the wickednesse is great.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Bring forth the sickles, for the vintage is come: go in, tread [the grapes], for the press is full: cause the vats to overflow; for their wickedness is multiplied.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Put ye in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe: come, get you down; for the press is full, the fats overflow; for their wickedness [is] great.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Put 7971
{7971} Prime
שָׁלַח
shalach
{shaw-lakh'}
A primitive root; to send away, for, or out (in a great variety of applications).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
ye in the sickle, 4038
{4038} Prime
מַגָּל
maggal
{mag-gawl'}
From an unused root meaning to reap; a sickle.
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
the harvest 7105
{7105} Prime
קָצִיר
qatsiyr
{kaw-tseer'}
From H7114; severed, that is, harvest (as reaped), the crop, the time, the reaper, or figuratively; also a limb (of a tree, or simply foliage).
is ripe: 1310
{1310} Prime
בָּשַׁל
bashal
{baw-shal'}
A primitive root; properly to boil up; hence to be done in cooking; figuratively to ripen.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
come, 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
get you down; 3381
{3381} Prime
יָרַד
yarad
{yaw-rad'}
A primitive root; to descend (literally to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively to fall); causatively to bring down (in all the above applications).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
the press 1660
{1660} Prime
גַּת
gath
{gath}
Probably from H5059 (in the sense of treading out grapes); a wine press (or vat for holding the grapes in pressing them).
is full, 4390
{4390} Prime
מָלֵא
male'
{maw-lay'}
A primitive root, to fill or (intransitively) be full of, in a wide application (literally and figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the fats 3342
{3342} Prime
יֶקֶב
yeqeb
{yeh'-keb}
From unused root meaning to excavate; a trough (as dug out); specifically a wine vat (whether the lower one, into which the juice drains; or the upper, in which the grapes are crushed).
overflow; 7783
{7783} Prime
שׁוּק
shuwq
{shook}
A primitive root; to run after or over, that is, overflow.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
their wickedness 7451
{7451} Prime
רָע
ra`
{rah}
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
[is] great. 7227
{7227} Prime
רַב
rab
{rab}
By contraction from H7231; abundant (in quantity, size, age, number, rank, quality).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Joel 3:13

_ _ Direction to the ministers of vengeance to execute God’s wrath, as the enemy’s wickedness is come to its full maturity. God does not cut off the wicked at once, but waits till their guilt is at its full (so as to the Amorites’ iniquity, Genesis 15:16), to show forth His own long-suffering, and the justice of their doom who have so long abused it (Matthew 13:27-30, Matthew 13:38, Matthew 13:40; Revelation 14:15-19). For the image of a harvest to be threshed, compare Jeremiah 51:33; and a wine-press, Isaiah 63:3 and Lamentations 1:15.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Joel 3:9-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Joel 3:13

Put ye — Ye executioners of divine vengeance: begin to reap, cut down sinners ripe for judgment; let Tiglath Pilneser and his soldiers cut down Syria and its king, for their violence against my people. Let Cyaxares and his armies cut down Assyria. Let Nebuchadnezzar cut down Moab, Ammon, mount Seir, Egypt, Tyre, Zidon and the Philistines; after this let Cyrus reap down the ripened Babylonians, and Alexander the Medes and Persians. And let the divided Grecian captains cut down one another, 'till the Romans cut them down. And when this is done God will have mighty ones still to cut down his enemies, 'till the final judgment wherein they all shall for ever be destroyed. Get you down — In another metaphor the prophet declares the cutting off the church's enemies. The press — As the grapes in the press are trod, so the enemies of God's people, are to be trodden in the wine — press of God's displeasure. Overflow — The blood of slaughtered men runs as wine prest out, in greater abundance than the vats can hold. Is great — The violence and all manner of sins of these kingdoms is grown exceeding great.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Joel 3:13

Put ye in the (h) sickle, for the harvest is ripe: come, get you down; for the press is full, the fats overflow; for their wickedness [is] great.

(h) In this way he will encourage the enemies when their wickedness is completely ripe to destroy one another, which he calls the valley of God's judgment.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the sickle:

Deuteronomy 16:9 Seven weeks shalt thou number unto thee: begin to number the seven weeks from [such time as] thou beginnest [to put] the sickle to the corn.
Mark 4:29 But when the fruit is brought forth, immediately he putteth in the sickle, because the harvest is come.
Revelation 14:15-16 And another angel came out of the temple, crying with a loud voice to him that sat on the cloud, Thrust in thy sickle, and reap: for the time is come for thee to reap; for the harvest of the earth is ripe. ... And he that sat on the cloud thrust in his sickle on the earth; and the earth was reaped.

the harvest:

Jeremiah 51:33 For thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; The daughter of Babylon [is] like a threshingfloor, [it is] time to thresh her: yet a little while, and the time of her harvest shall come.
Hosea 6:11 Also, O Judah, he hath set an harvest for thee, when I returned the captivity of my people.
Matthew 13:39 The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels.

for the press:

Isaiah 63:3 I have trodden the winepress alone; and of the people [there was] none with me: for I will tread them in mine anger, and trample them in my fury; and their blood shall be sprinkled upon my garments, and I will stain all my raiment.
Lamentations 1:15 The Lord hath trodden under foot all my mighty [men] in the midst of me: he hath called an assembly against me to crush my young men: the Lord hath trodden the virgin, the daughter of Judah, [as] in a winepress.
Revelation 14:17-20 And another angel came out of the temple which is in heaven, he also having a sharp sickle. ... And the winepress was trodden without the city, and blood came out of the winepress, even unto the horse bridles, by the space of a thousand [and] six hundred furlongs.

for their:

Genesis 13:13 But the men of Sodom [were] wicked and sinners before the LORD exceedingly.
Genesis 15:16 But in the fourth generation they shall come hither again: for the iniquity of the Amorites [is] not yet full.
Genesis 18:20 And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 13:13; 15:16; 18:20. Dt 16:9. Is 63:3. Jr 51:33. Lm 1:15. Ho 6:11. Mt 13:39. Mk 4:29. Rv 14:15, 17.

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