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Joel 2:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and terrible day of Jehovah cometh.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and the terrible day of the LORD come.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “The sun will be turned into darkness And the moon into blood Before the great and awesome day of the LORD comes.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and terrible day of the LORD shall come.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The sun shall be changed to darkness, and the moon to blood, before the great and terrible day of Jehovah come.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The sun, shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood,—before the coming of the great and awful day of Yahweh.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The sun is turned to darkness, and the moon to blood, Before the coming of the day of Jehovah, The great and the fearful.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood: before the great and dreadful day of the Lord doth come.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The Sunne shall be turned into darkenesse, and the Moone into blood, before the great and the terrible day of the LORD come.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and glorious day of the Lord come.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and the terrible day of Yahweh come.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The sun 8121
{8121} Prime
שֶׁמֶשׁ
shemesh
{sheh'-mesh}
From an unused root meaning to be brilliant; the sun; by implication the east; figuratively a ray, that is, (architecturally) a notched battlement.
shall be turned 2015
{2015} Prime
הָפַךְ
haphak
{haw-fak'}
A primitive root; to turn about or over; by implication to change, overturn, return, pervert.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
into darkness, 2822
{2822} Prime
חֹשֶׁךְ
choshek
{kho-shek'}
From H2821; the dark; hence (literally) darkness; figuratively misery, destruction, death, ignorance, sorrow, wickedness.
and the moon 3394
{3394} Prime
יָרֵחַ
yareach
{yaw-ray'-akh}
From the same as H3391; the moon.
into blood, 1818
{1818} Prime
דָּם
dam
{dawm}
From H1826 (compare H0119); blood (as that which when shed causes death) of man or an animal; by analogy the juice of the grape; figuratively (especially in the plural) bloodshed (that is, drops of blood).
before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
the great 1419
{1419} Prime
גָּדוֹל
gadowl
{gaw-dole'}
From H1431; great (in any sense); hence older; also insolent.
and the terrible 3372
{3372} Prime
יָרֵא
yare'
{yaw-ray'}
A primitive root; to fear; morally to revere; causatively to frighten.
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
day 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
of Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
come. 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Joel 2:30-31.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Joel 2:28-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Joel 2:31

The sun — Having mentioned the prodigies which were to be wrought on earth, he now specifies what shall be done in heaven. The terrible day — The unholy day of the destruction of Jerusalem; typifying the day of judgment.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Joel 2:31

The (t) sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and the terrible day of the LORD come.

(t) The order of nature will seem to be changed because of the horrible afflictions that will be in the world; (Isaiah 13:10; Ezekiel 32:7; Joel 3:15; Matthew 24:29).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
sun:

Joel 2:10 The earth shall quake before them; the heavens shall tremble: the sun and the moon shall be dark, and the stars shall withdraw their shining:
Joel 3:1 For, behold, in those days, and in that time, when I shall bring again the captivity of Judah and Jerusalem,
Joel 3:15 The sun and the moon shall be darkened, and the stars shall withdraw their shining.
Isaiah 13:9-10 Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, cruel both with wrath and fierce anger, to lay the land desolate: and he shall destroy the sinners thereof out of it. ... For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give their light: the sun shall be darkened in his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine.
Isaiah 34:4-5 And all the host of heaven shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll: and all their host shall fall down, as the leaf falleth off from the vine, and as a falling [fig] from the fig tree. ... For my sword shall be bathed in heaven: behold, it shall come down upon Idumea, and upon the people of my curse, to judgment.
Matthew 24:29 Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken:
Matthew 27:45 Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth hour.
Mark 13:24-25 But in those days, after that tribulation, the sun shall be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, ... And the stars of heaven shall fall, and the powers that are in heaven shall be shaken.
Luke 21:25 And there shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the stars; and upon the earth distress of nations, with perplexity; the sea and the waves roaring;
Revelation 6:12-13 And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood; ... And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind.

the great:

Zephaniah 1:14-16 The great day of the LORD [is] near, [it is] near, and hasteth greatly, [even] the voice of the day of the LORD: the mighty man shall cry there bitterly. ... A day of the trumpet and alarm against the fenced cities, and against the high towers.
Malachi 4:1 For, behold, the day cometh, that shall burn as an oven; and all the proud, yea, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble: and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the LORD of hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch.
Malachi 4:5 Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the LORD:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Is 13:9; 34:4. Jol 2:10; 3:1, 15. Zp 1:14. Mal 4:1, 5. Mt 24:29; 27:45. Mk 13:24. Lk 21:25. Rv 6:12.

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